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ENSCI Link Between Science and Technology

ENSCI Link Between Science and Technology
Genetic Engineering
The scientific knowledge used as basis for the development of genetic engineering is the
combination of genetic material, especially recombinant DNA (rDNA), from different
biological species to create a hybrid DNA into an organism and form a new combination
of heritable genetic material. It is the artificial process of giving a desired phenotype to an
organism’s genome. The science in genetic engineering is the identification of genetic
materials itself—which is present in one organism and is possible to provide solutions or
prevent birth defects and diseases. While the technology is the process of direct
manipulation or modification of these DNA to form a hybrid and to alter the genetic
makeup of an organism. The artificial outcome of genetic engineering like the insect
resistant corns are also classified as technology.