EXAMPLE STRUCTURES OF BAROQUE ARCHITECTURE GERMANY Ludwigsburg Palace Ludwigsburg Palace "Versailles of Swabia" It is the largest preserved Baroque residence in Germany. It’s stone was laid on May 17, 1704 under Eberhard Ludwig Duke of Württemberg to serve as a hunting lodge, It contains Contains three museums, Baroque Gallery, Porcelain Museum and Baroque Fashion Museum. The Palace features benches with an Egyptian motif revealing the influence of Napoleon Zwinger (Dresden) Palace - Zwinger Palace is a palatial complex with gardens designed by architect Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann, it was built in 1709. The Zwinger was built in 1709 as an orangery and garden as well as a representative festival area with richly decorated pavilions and the galleries lines with balustrades, figures and vases testify to the splendor during the reign of Augustus the Strong. AUSTRIA and RUSSIA Peterhof Palace - Peterhof Palace also known as Russian Versailes is a Series of Palaces and gardens intended in 1709. The Grand Palace at Peterhof was designed to be the centerpiece of Peter the Great's. The imposing central palace of Peterhof, built in late Baroque style. Explore over 30 rooms of the Grand Palace, beautifully restored in a mixture of styles from different eras. Particularly notable rooms include the Chesma Hall, Chinese Cabinets, Ceremonial Staircase, Throne Room and Ballroom. Diffusion of Baroque Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style began in Rome, Italy in 16th century which the style spread across Europe following the Renaissance during the 17th and 18th centuries. . It was said that Baroque architecture started to get famous after the Pope and other Catholic Rulers began building. The Style quickly spread throughout Europe and South America due to colonization. ITALIAN BAROQUE Italy was the center of art for over two centuries. By the early 18th century, Baroque buildings could be found in all parts of Italy, often with regional variations examples included the Basilica of Superga, overlooking Turin, was later used as model for the Pantheon in Paris. The Stupinigi Palace (1729–31) was a hunting lodge and one of the Residences of the Royal House of Savoy near Turin. It was also built Filippo Juvarra Basilica of Superga, Basilica Supernaga was Built from 1717 to 1731 for Victor Amadeus ll. It was designed by Filippo Juvarra at the top of the hill of Supernaga. This church is considered late Baroque-Classicism and resembles some elements of Michelangelo’s dome at St. Peter’s Basilica Stupinigi Palace Stupinigi Palace was built as a royal hunting lodge in the early 18th century, designed by architect Filippo Juvarra to be used as a palazzina di caccia ("hunting lodge")The building has a saltire plan: four angled wings project from the ovalshaped main hall from which the four wings depart. The interior is in Italian Rococo made of precious materials (porcelains, gilded stuccos, mirrors and roots Decorations preserved by the Venetian painters Giuseppe and FRENCH BAROQUE French Baroque architecture, sometimes called French classicism, was a style of architecture during the reigns of Louis XIII (1610–43), Louis XIV (1643–1715) and Louis XV the Sun King (1715–74). The French Baroque, from the beginning, was an expression of the power and majesty of the Kings of France. The Baroque style became more restrained in France. While lavish details were used, French buildings were often symmetrical and orderly The Palace of Versailles The Palace of Versailles is famous for being the home to the Kings of France and symbolizes power between 1662 and 1789, it was was completed by the death of Louis XIV in 1715 The palace is one of the most important landmarks in French history. Its earliest portion was built for Louis XIII in the style of his reign with brick, marble, and slate, and was preserved as the heart of the palace in subsequent expansions.