Uploaded by Amaria Trinity

Factile- Neurologic disorder (1)

Name: ________________________________
Date: __________
Neurologic disorder
(Circle the correct answer )
Q1 :
Options :TRUE rationale: It acts by raising serum osmolarity causing excess fluid from
the brain (caused by cerebral edema) to be drawn into the blood stream.
Q2 :
Options :A. electroencephalogram rationale: An electroencephalogram (EEG) is a test
that detects electrical activity in your brain using small, metal discs
(electrodes) attached to your scalp. A cervical spine xray is used to rule out
cervical spine injury
Q3 :
Options :A. 1 to 10 mm Hg is WNL Rationale: ~ A ICP level greater than 15 mm Hg
A: requires further assessment 10 to 20 is the expected intraocular pressure
(varies per text book)
Q4 :
Options :C. sunken fontanel and dry mucous membranes Rationale: C. indicates
dehydration. A & B are all signs of ICP in infants specifically. Setting-sun sign
is when the sclera of the eyes are showing over top of the iris (Pg. 477 pic)
and is common in ICP and hydrocephalus in infants
Q5 :
Options :A. "Backward arching of the legs and arms, extended neck and clenched jaw
is EXTENTSION posturing" (AKA. Decerebrate posturing) Rationale: Flexion
posturing is a late finding in a severe injury related to dysfunction of the
cerebral cortex, whereas extension posturing is dysfunction at the midbrain
Q6 :
Options :False Rationale: hearing impairments DO affect speech and the ability to
process linguistic sounds, identifying the impairment early can minimize this.
Q7 :
Options :A. Alpha-fetoprotein in maternal blood Rationale: There will be a decrease in
A: the protein, an increase signifies neural tube defect ~chromosome analysis
and a echo is for Diagnostic testing for infants
Q8 :
Options :A. Hyperopia (farsightedness) Rationale: cause is related to accommodation
A: Myopia (nearsighted) Sees close objects clearly, but not objects in the
distance Amblyopia (Lazy eye) is Reduced visual acuity in one eye
Q9 :
Options :B. Gray opacity of the lens which prevents light from entering into the eye
rationale: ~Uneven refractive curvatures in vision is r/t astigmatism
~Glaucoma is r/t increased intraocular pressure
Q10 :
Options :A. CONDUCTIVE LOSSES RATIONALE: It can result from otitis media, foreign
bodies or excessive ear wax Sensorineural is related to interference along
nerve pathways Central auditory imperception is r/t all other types of hearing
losses related to natural cases, like inability to interpret sound
Q11 :
Options :TRUE Rationale: whistling occurs due to feedback, when sound coming out
A: the device loops back into the ear (thus readjust to ear and turn down the
Q12 :
Options :A. Cochlear implant Rationale: It sends impulses to the auditory nerve and
A: can be surgically implanted under the skin or worn externally. its used for
sensorineural hearing loss