# 2.1.2.J.BeaversP2

```Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis:
Circuit to Truth Table to Logic Expression
Introduction
What does this circuit do? Does the circuit that I designed work? If you are able to analyze
AOI logic circuits, you will be able to answer these questions. The first question frequently
comes up when you need to determine the functionality of a previously designed circuit. The
second question will always need to be answered whenever you design a new logic circuit.
When you analyze an AOI logic circuit, you can use one of two techniques. With the first
technique, you determine the circuit’s truth table from which the output logic expression is
derived. With the second technique, the order is reversed. The circuit’s logic expression is
determined. The truth table is then derived using this expression.
In this activity you will learn how to analyze AOI logic circuits to determine the circuit truth
table and output logic expression.
Procedure
Let’s start by analyzing the relatively simple AOI logic circuit shown below. You will use the
technique where you first extract the truth table and then use the truth table to derive the
output’s logic expression.
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Digital Electronics Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis – Page 1
1. Using the test points that have been assigned (TP1-TP4), complete the following truth
table.
TP
1
TP
2
TP
4
TP3
X
Y
F1
TP1
TP2
TP3
TP4
0
0
0
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
0
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
2. Using the truth table, write out the Minterms for every location that contains a (1) in the
F1 column
TP1’TP2’TP3TP4
TP1TP2TP3’TP4’
3. Using the Minterm(s), write the logic expression for the output F1.
F1=TP1’TP2’TP3TP4+TP1TP2TP3’TP4’
Re-analyze the simple AOI logic circuit using the technique where you first extract the logic
expression for the output and then use the logic expression to derive the truth table.
4. Using the circuit diagram below, write the logic expression at the output of each gate
until you reach the output of the circuit.
&copy; 2014 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Digital Electronics Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis – Page 2
5. Using the logic expression, complete the truth table shown below.
X
Y
F1
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
0
How do the logic expressions and truth tables obtained from the two techniques compare?
Are they the same? They should be. If they are not, review your work and correct any
mistakes. Getting information from the second technique was much more simpler.
Let’s analyze a more complex circuit. Complete the following steps for the three input AOI
logic diagram shown below.
6. Using the analysis technique where you first extract the truth table and then use it to
derive the output’s logic expression, analyze the circuit. Record your results below.
R
S
T
F2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
F2=R’ST’+RS’T’+RS’T+RST’+RST
&copy; 2014 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Digital Electronics Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis – Page 3
7. Now, using the analysis technique where you first extract the logic expression for the
output and then use it to derive the truth table, analyze the circuit. Record your results
below.
R
S
T
F2
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
F2 = R’T’S+RST+RS’
8. How do the truth tables obtained from the two techniques compare? Are they the
same? They should be. If they are not, review your work and correct any mistakes.
They are the same.
9. How do the logic expressions obtained from the two techniques compare? Are they
the same?
Expression from the circuit is smaller. Compared to the table.
10. They are NOT IDENTICAL, but they are EQUIVALENT. In later activities we will learn
how to use Boolean algebra to simplify logic expressions like these and prove that
they produce the same truth table.
They are now the same, but they are equal.
&copy; 2014 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Digital Electronics Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis – Page 4
Conclusion
1. In your own words, describe the process used to analyze a logic circuit where you first
extract a truth table and then derive the logic expression.
You can determine the truth of the output of th whole circuit
By seeing the 1 that are at the out put you add the different combinations together to give
you the total result for the output
2. Again, in your own words, describe the process used to analyze a logic circuit where
you first extract the logic expression and then derive the truth table.
By getting the expression first from the circuit you end up with a pre simplified equation, in
which you will fit many of the input combinations.
3. Did you find one of the processes easier than the other? Which one and why?
I found the direct circuit to expression process easier, because it becomes alreay
simplified and easier to use
4. How can two logic equations that are not identical be equal or equivalent?
Sometimes the input combinations have some parts that are the same throughout the
table and can be a simple combinations like AB that apply to 2 or more. With an unsimplified equation there could be more specific to certain combination even if 2 have the
same in some of the combination.
&copy; 2014 Project Lead The Way, Inc.
Digital Electronics Activity 2.1.2 AOI Logic Analysis – Page 5
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