Uploaded by Angela Elizabeth Butler

Plot Diagram Notes

Narrative Writing Notes
A plot diagram is a tool that is commonly used to organize a story into certain segments. Once
the parts of the plot diagram are identified, it is easier to understand the story.
1. The exposition, or the introduction, introduces the characters (protagonist, antagonist,
supporting characters) and describes the setting (the time and place of the story) as well
as the situation (what’s going on when the story begins).
2. The conflict is where the problem is established (there should be one big conflict that is
essentially “what is making the protagonist’s life difficult” as well as several smaller
conflicts along the way).
Types of Conflict:
○ Individual vs. individual: the protagonist has a conflict another character (usually
the antagonist)
○ Individual vs. self: the protagonist has a conflict with themselves
○ Individual vs. nature: the protagonist has a conflict with an element of nature
○ Individual vs. society: the protagonist has a conflict with an idea or a group of
3. The rising action is where the suspense builds and the conflict worsens and becomes
more complicated. There are often multiple steps or parts in the rising action.
4. The climax is the turning point in the story. This is when the protagonist comes
face-to-face with the conflict and the conflict is at an all-time high.
5. The falling action is the events that happen after the climax that lead to a resolution or
ending to the story. Usually the conflict is slowly being resolved during this time.
6. The resolution is the outcome of the story. It is how things end up or turn out for the
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