DETAIL OF GENERAL COURSES ECOLOGY, BIODIVERSITY & EVOLUTION-I (3+0) Course Contents: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. Introduction; ecosystem and ecological pyramids; Role of environment on phenotype of organisms; Food chain, webs and trophic levels; Factors influencing environment; Impact of urbanization and industry on environment; Population: air, water, land, thermal, radiation and noise; Community ecology; Atmosphere – composition and cycles; Pollution; climate change (greenhouse effect and global warming); Ozone layer – composition and state across the globe; Waste and sewerage processing and disposal; Microbes, plants and animal species; Comparative study of life forms; Features and characteristics of bacteria, archaea and eukaryotes; Phylogenetic relationships between the three kingdoms; Evolution of different members belonging to each of the three domains of life (with specific examples); 17. Models of speciation; causes and consequences of extinction. Plan of Work Cover 10 modules before midterm. Take presentation and quiz. Recommended Books: 1. Davet P, 2004. Microbial ecology of soil and plant growth. Science Publishers. 2. Nico et al., 2006. An Introduction to Ecological Genomics. 1 st Edition; Oxford University Press. 3. Aston et al., 2004. Ecological Genetics: Planning and Application. Blackwell Science (UK). 4. Costa LG, and Eaton DL, 2006. Gene-Environment Interactions: Fundamentals of Ecogenetics. 1 st Edition; John Wiley and Sons. 5. Freeland JR, 2005. Molecular Ecology. 1 st Edition; John Wiley and Sons. 6. Wenz PS, 2001. Environmental Ethics Today. Oxford University Press. 7. Louis P and Pojman LP, 2007. Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application. 5 th Edition; Wadsworth Publishing. 8. Light A, and Rolston III H, 2002. Environmental Ethics. 1 st Edition; Wiley Blacwell Publishing. 9. Raven PH, and Berg LR, 2005. Environment. 5 th Edition; John Wiley and Sons.