Of the four causes of the fall of Rome, which had the greatest impact? Be sure to discuss all four causes, but specifically describe one as the greatest impact. Provide at least 3 examples of what you chose that cause. The Roman Empire was known as the largest and strongest empires in human history. Once it stretched from British land to the west and Asia Minor area to the east. The empire survived strongly with their great achievement such as Greco-Roman arts, technology, and Roman’s language. However, since the third century AD, the empire faced with many causes which bring to fall of Rome. There were four causes of the fall of the Roman Empire, which are political, social, economical and military factors. Politically, the Roman was unstable. The government became corrupt and dishonorable to Rome and there were no true leaders, hence it occurred civil war and moved the capital to Constantinople which made center of empire was no longer in Rome. Also, as Roman devaluing the West, social problem was another issue. As the empire became too large, Roman people lost interest in government, loyalty, patriotism to Rome. Furthermore the Roman military became fall because soldiers including mercenary became less royal to Rome , but they are loyal to their command. However, the most important cause was from economic collapse. Economic reason is the major causes occurred to make Rome fail which can be lack of gold and silver, raising taxes with inflation, and shortage of food. One of the most important causes of failing Rome is drainage of gold and silver which also affects other economic causes. From the textbook,” Mediterranean sea disrupted trade…Having reached their limit of expansion, the Rome lacked new sources of gold and silver.” With disruption of sea trade and Rome were not growing as it was before. The form of money which made from silver as well as gold were not enough at Rome. It also affects to collect less tax money,hence government revenue dropped significantly. This economic problem also affects other economic cause such as raising tax. In addition to drain of gold and silver, inflation which caused from increasing tax, which is drastic drop in value of money coupled with a rise in prices. From the textbook, “As taxes rose, however, the value of money declined…Emperor minted new coins with copper and lead as well as silver.” They did not have enough silver and gold to make coin. As citizen found out their coin has less valued material such as copper and lead, the value of money dropped which caused inflation. Citizen has much more burden to buy things that they used to pay lower due to inflation. Also, farmers have much burden because Rome government raised tax because paying tax for themselves as well as they need to help landowner to pay their taxes. Finally in Rome, short supply of food is another problem. From the textbook, “Harvests in Italy and western Europe became meager because over-worked soil has lost its fertility…War had destroyed much farmland.” When the empire was growing, the citizen was also growing. However, toward the end of Rome production of food could not match population growth. Because of many wars with destroyed land with low fertility, the harvest of food was dropped. In addition there was the plague spread along with food shortage, which lead to signification weak government empire. F In conclusion, based on the above analysis with evidence, the ultimate cause of fall of Rome was economic causes which critically affect weakening Roman power. Because weakening of Rome’s economy from disruptions of sea trade, which lead to not enough gold and silver, as government brought tax increase, the tax increase result was growing inflation with shortage of food. All of these causes made weaken military which supposed to protect Roman from foreign attack. Although Rome divided into west and east and Germanic tribe entered the West of Rome which made West Rome fail, east Rome continue to remain as until middle age period and were part of important part of European history.