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Grade9 ELA Consolidated Curriculum 2021

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CONSOLIDATED CURRICULUM
ENGLISH LANGUAGE ARTS
GRADE 9
S I M IL E
I RO N Y
ME TAPHOR
L I T ER ARY DEVI C E S
ONOM A TOPOE I A
ALL I T E R A TION
Per son i f ic at ion
English is life!
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
NATIONAL CENTRE FOR EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
3 Battery Road Kingston, Georgetown Guyana, South America | Tel: (592) 225 - 6723
GRADE 9 ENGLISH A
20 WEEK SCHEME
WEEK
1
2
3
TOPIC
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
Transitive &
Intransitive Verbs
For students to:
 Review types of verbs
 Become aware of
transitive and intransitive
verbs.
DIAGNOSTIC ASSESSMENT
A verb is transitive if it directs action
•
towards someone or something named in
•
the same sentence.
•
A verb is intransitive if it does not direct
action towards someone or something
named in the same sentence.
Comprehension
For students to:
 Develop skills in
answering different levels
of questions.
Types of Reading
 Critical
 Informative
 Recreational
Answering levels of questions:
 Knowledge
 Comprehension
 Application
4
ACTIVITIES
Letter Writing
For students to:
 Be comfortable to express
ideas within the correct
letter format.
Types of letters
Informal – Personal
- Social
Formal / Business
Formal Letters
- Letter of Complaint
- Letter to the Editor
- Letter of Apology
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RESOURCES
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Defining concepts
Studying examples
Identifying sentences with
transitive and intransitive
verbs.
English
Composition
and Grammar
Pgs. 508-509
Written exercise
Reading given poems, drama
and prose extracts.
Participating in discussions
based on same.
Finding the meaning of strange
vocabs.
Drawing conclusions after
reading given information.
Reading text
Oral and written
exercises
Examining and discovering the
differences in format and tone
using samples of both formal
and informal letters.
Giving examples of different
types of letters.
Stating their purposes.
Reading and discussing given
examples.
Writing letters.
Samples of
letters
Comprehension
passages
Poems
Elements of
Writing
Pgs. 706-712
Written exercises
Oral presentations
WEEK
5
6
TOPIC
Report Writing
Impromptu Speech
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
 Develop report writing
skills.
For students to:
 Develop the ability to
speak fluently
 Discuss how and when to
use Home Language and
Standard English is most
effective
CONTENT
ACTIVITIES
The Simple Report
•
Format of a simple report – formal
•
Purpose of writing reports
The writer of simple reports aimed at
recording information objectively. He
should exclude all opinions, preferences
and judgements. The report must be
based on factual information.
•
Some basic criteria
 Careful and logical arrangement
 Clarity in expressing information
 Conciseness which requires the
exclusion of all unnecessary
words, expressions and irrelevant
details.
Welcome, Introduction of the Guest
Speaker, Vote of Thanks, Guest
Speaker’s Speech
•
•
•
•
RESOURCES
Stating the purpose of writing
reports.
Differentiating between fact
and opinion.
Studying samples and noting
format and content presented.
Observing incidents and
presenting reports on same
(orally and in writing)
Samples of
reports
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercises
Oral presentations
Listening to YouTube videos
Preparing speeches
Presenting speeches
Video
Oral presentation
WEEK
7
TOPIC
Phrases
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
For students to:
 Understand that a phrase
can be a part of the subject
or predicate and be able to
use same in sentences.
A phrase is a group of related words that
is used as a single part of speech. A
phrase does not contain both a subject
and a verb.
Prepositional Phrase
A phrase that begins with a preposition
and ends with a noun or a pronoun.
ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
•
RESOUCES
Defining the term ‘phrase’.
Differentiating between the
adjective and adverb phrase by
stating their functions.
Identifying phrases in given
sentences.
Writing sentences containing
the different types of phrases.
Elements of
Writing
pg. 428
Revising the use of
punctuation marks.
Preparing booklet of rules.
Identifying usage of
punctuation marks in reading
materials.
Writing sentences to show the
use of comma and quotation
marks.
Rewriting sentences using
these punctuation marks
correctly.
Students’
assignment
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercises
Adjective Phrase
A prepositional phrase used as an
adjective.
Adverb Phrase
A prepositional phrase used as an adverb.
8
Punctuation
For students to:
 Apply increased
competency in the use of
punctuation marks





Comma
Semi-colon
Colon
Apostrophe
Quotation Marks
•
•
•
•
•
Written exercises
Oral presentations
WEEK
9
10
TOPIC
Voice
Comprehension
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
For students to:
 Demonstrate an
understanding of the
voices
For students to:
 Develop skills in
answering different levels
of questions.
CONTENT
Active Voice – a verb is said to be active
when it expresses an action performed by
its subject.
•
•
•
Passive Voice – a verb is said to be in the
passive voice when the action it
expresses is performed upon its subject.
Types of Reading
 Critical
 Informative
 Recreational
•
Answering levels of questions:
 Knowledge
 Comprehension
 Application
10
11
Comprehension
Figurative Devices
For students to:
 Develop skills in
answering different levels
of questions.
 Demonstrate
understanding and ability
to use figurative devices
effectively.
ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
•
Types of Reading
 Critical
 Informative
 Recreational
•
Answering levels of questions:
 Knowledge
 Comprehension
 Application
•
 Irony
 Sarcasm
 Onomatopoeia
•
•
•
•
RESOURCES
Defining concepts
Studying examples
Identifying sentences in the
active and passive voice
Changing sentences written in
the passive voice to the active
voice and vice versa
Reading given poems, drama
and prose extracts.
Participating in discussions
based on same.
Finding the meaning of strange
vocabs.
Drawing conclusions after
reading given information.
English
Composition
and Grammar
Pgs. 508-509
Reading given poems, drama,
graph, charts and prose
extracts.
Participating in discussions
based on same.
Finding the meaning of strange
vocabs.
Drawing conclusions after
reading given information.
Reading text
Defining the figurative
devices.
Identifying examples of the
various figurative devices in
given pieces of writing and
stating their effectiveness.
Poems
Reading text
Comprehension
passages
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercise
Oral and written
exercises
Poems
Comprehension
passages
Oral and written
exercises
Poems
Oral and written
exercises
WEEK
TOPIC
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
ACTIVITIES
•
•
11
Figurative Devices
Demonstrate
understanding and ability
to use figurative devices
effectively.






irony
sarcasm
pun
simile
metaphor
oxymoron
•
•
•
•
12
13
Word Study
For students to:
 Demonstrate
understanding of the
different terms of word
study as it applies to the
meaning of commonly
used idioms of Home
Language and Standard
English
Idiom – a popular expression in which
words are used figuratively.
•
•
•
ASSESSMENT
RESOURCES
Creating examples of the
different figurative devices.
Writing poems containing the
different devices.
Defining the figurative
devices.
Identifying examples of the
various figurative devices in
given pieces of writing and
stating their effectiveness.
Creating examples of the
different figurative devices.
Writing poems containing the
different devices.
Poems
Defining term.
Giving examples of idioms
from various languages
Identifying and commenting on
the history and meaning of
idioms
A
Comprehensive
English Course
Bk 3
pg. 93-94
Elements of
Literature
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Oral and written
exercises
Oral and written
exercises
WEEK
14
14
TOPIC
Statistical Report
Paraphrasing
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
For students to:
 Demonstrate
understanding of reports
 Display analytical skills to
paraphrase statistical
reports
With additions to content,
paraphrasing works well with
sharing the results of a
statistical report.
Statistical Report
Guidelines in the reading of statistics
 Understand the importance
of using words to express
meaning
 Apply paraphrasing to
interpreting statistical
reports
Paraphrase expresses the meaning of
something written or spoken using
different words, especially to achieve
greater clarity.
ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
•
•
RESOURCES
Studying charts
Identifying and describing
trends
Writing reports
A
Comprehensive
English Course
CXC English A
Pg. 227
Reading given texts
Paraphrasing sentences and
paragraphs
English
Composition
and Grammar
Elements of
Language
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercise
Oral and written
assignments.
WEEK
15
15
15
TOPIC
Expository
Writing
Expository
Writing
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GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
ACTIVITIES
For students to:
The aim of expository writing is to
 Understand that expository present information in the form of facts.
essays are based on facts.
Information structures used in expository
Use expository writing to
writing:
explore the pros and cons of
• Process Explanation
various ad techniques.
•
For students to:
The aim of expository writing is to
 Understand that expository present information in the form of facts.
writing is based on facts.
• Cause and effect
• Problem and solution
• The process
• Comparison and contrast
•
 Become aware of how
advertsisements use
persuasive techniques in
positive and negative ways
 Understand the use of
emotive words in
advertisements.
 Appreciate the local
advertisements.
Advertisement
Techniques in advertisements
-use of emotive words
-use of rhetorical questions
-statistical data
-research evidence
-pun
-exaggeration
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RESOURCES
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercises
Oral presentations
Discussing techniques
used in writing
expository essays.
Studying
recipes/manuals
A Comprehensive
English Course
Bk 3
Examining the
formats of expository
writing
Discussing how to
prepare specified
types of expository
writing
Reading samples of
expository writing
A Comprehensive
English Course
Bk 3
Written exercises
Oral presentations
Reading, listening or
viewing
advertisements.
Discussing the target
audience.
Identifying emotive
words.
Discussing the
positive and negative
power of
advertisements
Audio & video of
advertisements.
Written exercise
Oral presentation
WEEK
16
TOPIC
Dialogue
Writing
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
 Understand how to write a
dialogue
 Apply dialogue to written
arguments or persuasive
texts
CONTENT
Dialogue Writing
A dialogue is a conversation between two
or more persons as a feature of a book,
play or film.
Argumentative
Writing
For students to:
 Develop skills in
persuading and presenting
arguments.
•
•
•
While writing dialogue include
focus on argumentative writing.
16
ACTIVITIES
•
Structure
 Introduction
 Development
 Conclusion
•
•
•
Techniques in writing arguments
•
17
Complex
sentences &
Clauses
 Demonstrate an
understanding of the main
and subordinate clause and
be able to use same
appropriately.
(Review) A clause is a group of words
that has a subject and a predicate and is
part of a sentence.
Types of Clauses
Main or Independent Clause
A clause that has a subject and a
predicate and can stand alone as a
sentence.
Subordinate or Dependent Clause
A clause that cannot stand by itself as a
sentence. It is usually introduced by a
subordinating conjunction.
•
•
•
•
Reading dialogues
Observing
paragraphing of
dialogues
Discussing the
effectiveness of
dialogue
Incorporating
dialogues in writing
essays
Reading and
discussing samples.
Examining guidelines.
Identifying supporting
details and how they
are developed.
Writing essay using
techniques.
Defining the term
‘clause’.
Differentiating
between the main and
the subordinate
clause.
Identifying the
various clauses in
given sentences.
Writing sentences
containing the
different clauses.
RESOURCES
Samples of dialogues
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercises
Samples of essays
Written exercises
Oral presentations
Grammar
Composition and
Handbook
pg. 193
Written exercises
WEEK
17
TOPIC
Equivalent
Sentences
GENERAL OBJECTIVES
CONTENT
 Understand the importance Equivalent Sentences
of interpreting sentences
and their meaning
ACTIVITIES
•
•
•
18
Speech
For students to:
 Develop the ability to
speak fluently and with
poise to introduce events
Welcome, Introduction of the Guest
Speaker, Vote of Thanks, Guest
Speaker’s Speech
•
A debate is an organized argument or
contest of ideas in which the participants
discuss a topic from two opposing
sides. Those who agree with this
statement or idea are the "Pro"
side. Those who will not agree with this
statement or idea are the "Con"
side. Each side will show in an organized
and clever way why they believe to have
the right answers. They will use
examples and evidence to support their
ideas while working towards a
conclusion.
REVIEW
ASSESSMENT
•
•
Use techniques of speech to
introduce and conclude debates
18
19
20
Debates
 Appreciate the techniques
of presenting arguments in
a formal environment
•
•
•
RESOURCES
EVALUATION
STRATEGIES
Written exercises
Reading and
interpreting sentences
Identifying sentences
with similar meanings
Rewriting sentences
and maintaining their
meanings
Listening to YouTube
videos
Preparing
introductions to
events such as debates
Developing Language
Skills Bk 3
Video
Oral presentation
Compiling ideas to
present arguments
Listening to
arguments
Watching argument
Presenting arguments
Students
Group presentations
Elements of language.
Written exercises
Silver Burnett English
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