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SodaPDF-converted-Q1 English9 Module 1

Quarter 1 – Module 1:
English – Grade 9
Alternative Delivery Mode
Quarter 1 – Module 1: Modals
First Edition, 2020
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Published by the Department of Education
Secretary: Leonor Magtolis Briones
Undersecretary: Diosdado M. San Antonio
Development Team of the Module
Writer: Bonifacio B. Pajarillo, Jr
Editors: Jojane N. Gelbolingo & Ramil R. Cubelo, PhD
Reviewers: Shiela C. Alemania
Illustrator: Ivory Joan M. Tambala, Ramel E. Ligue, & Katrina O. Quizan
Layout Artist: Melanio R. Florino Jr.
Management Team: Reynaldo M. Guillena, CESO V
Basilio P. Mana-ay Jr., CESE
Emma A. Camporedondo, CESE
Alma D. Cifra, EdD
May Ann M. Jumuad, PhD
Aris B. Juanillo, PhD
Printed in the Philippines by
Department of Education – Region XI
Office Address:
E-mail Address:
Elpidio Quirino Ave., Poblacion District, Davao City, 8000 Davao del Sur
(082) 224-3724, (082) 222-1672
Quarter 1 – Module 1:
Introductory Message
For the facilitator:
Welcome to the English 9 Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) Module on Modals!
This module was collaboratively designed, developed and reviewed by educators both
from public and private institutions to assist you, the teacher or facilitator in helping
the learners meet the standards set by the K to 12 Curriculum while overcoming
their personal, social, and economic constraints in schooling.
This learning resource hopes to engage the learners into guided and independent
learning activities at their own pace and time. Furthermore, this also aims to help
learners acquire the needed 21st century skills while taking into consideration their
needs and circumstances.
In addition to the material in the main text, you will also see this box in the body of
the module:
Notes to the Teacher
This contains helpful tips or strategies that
will help you in guiding the learners.
As a facilitator, you are expected to orient the learners on how to use this module.
You also need to keep track of the learners' progress while allowing them to manage
their own learning. Furthermore, you are expected to encourage and assist the
learners as they do the tasks included in the module.
For the learner:
Welcome to the English9 Alternative Delivery Mode (ADM) Module on Modals!
The hand is one of the most symbolized part of the human body. It is often used to
depict skill, action and purpose. Through our hands we may learn, create and
accomplish. Hence, the hand in this learning resource signifies that you as a learner
is capable and empowered to successfully achieve the relevant competencies and
skills at your own pace and time. Your academic success lies in your own hands!
This module was designed to provide you with fun and meaningful opportunities for
guided and independent learning at your own pace and time. You will be enabled to
process the contents of the learning resource while being an active learner.
This module has the following parts and corresponding icons:
What I Need to Know
This will give you an idea of the skills or
competencies you are expected to learn in the
What I Know
This part includes an activity that aims to
check what you already know about the
lesson to take. If you get all the answers
correct (100%), you may decide to skip this
What’s In
This is a brief drill or review to help you link
the current lesson with the previous one.
What’s New
In this portion, the new lesson will be
introduced to you in various ways such as a
story, a song, a poem, a problem opener, an
activity or a situation.
What is It
This section provides a brief discussion of the
lesson. This aims to help you discover and
understand new concepts and skills.
What’s More
This comprises activities for independent
practice to solidify your understanding and
skills of the topic. You may check the
answers to the exercises using the Answer
Key at the end of the module.
What I Have Learned
sentence/paragraph to be filled in to process
what you learned from the lesson.
What I Can Do
This section provides an activity which will
help you transfer your new knowledge or skill
into real life situations or concerns.
This is a task which aims to evaluate your
level of mastery in achieving the learning
Additional Activities
In this portion, another activity will be given
to you to enrich your knowledge or skill of the
lesson learned. This also tends retention of
learned concepts.
Answer Key
This contains answers to all activities in the
At the end of this module you will also find:
This is a list of all sources used in developing
this module.
The following are some reminders in using this module:
1. Use the module with care. Do not put unnecessary mark/s on any part of the
module. Use a separate sheet of paper in answering the exercises.
2. Don’t forget to answer What I Know before moving on to the other activities
included in the module.
3. Read the instruction carefully before doing each task.
4. Observe honesty and integrity in doing the tasks and checking your answers.
5. Finish the task at hand before proceeding to the next.
6. Return this module to your teacher/facilitator once you are through with it.
If you encounter any difficulty in answering the tasks in this module, do not
hesitate to consult your teacher or facilitator. Always bear in mind that you are
not alone.
We hope that through this material, you will experience meaningful learning and
gain deep understanding of the relevant competencies. You can do it!
What I Need to Know
In this module, you are expected to learn about modals. Learning the usage
of modal appropriately will not just improve sentence structure but also on the
effectiveness of the content of the sentence. This will help your ideas flow logically
and comprehensively.
The language used recognizes the diverse vocabulary level of students. The
lessons are arranged to follow the standard sequence of the course. But the order in
which you read them can be changed to correspond with the textbook you are now
After going through this module, you are expected to:
1. Use modals in the sentence correctly.
2. Identify appropriate modals and its functions in a sentence
3. Construct sentences with appropriate modals.
What I Know
Let us explore modals by answering the 15-item quiz. Initially, do not
worry if you commit some mistakes, for you will be guided step-by-step
leading to your full understanding of our lesson.
Let us see if you can answer this. Read the following sentences and
identify which of the choices or appropriate modal word should be used to
complete the statement. Just encircle the correct modal word in each of the
given items.
I (can, could) write compound sentences.
2. When I was young, I (can, could) eat tons of cupcakes!
3. The students (must, may) finish their assignments by Wednesday.
4. It (must, may) rain later.
5. If it is sunny outside, I (will, would) be much happier!
6. He (shall, should) go to the isolation facility.
7. You (must, might) abide the health protocol.
8. We (cannot, could not) simply underestimate the recent pandemic.
9. After the high figure of Covid 19 positive cases in some areas in
Davao City, the Mayor (must, might) declare local hard lockdown.
10. During pandemic, we (should, shall) be mindful of wearing face
mask, social distancing and other health protocol.
11. If you are the owner of this dog, you (shall, should) be able to tell
us which of its eyes is blind.
12. I (must, might) do something to solve the global crisis.
13. (Will, Would) you drink with me?
14. (Shall, Should) we welcome repatriates?
15. In the near future, human (may, might) colonize another planet.
You just started your journey on modal words surprisingly. Don’t worry,
the rest of this module will show you several ways on how to use modals
accurately and correctly.
Modals: Express permission,
obligation, and prohibition
The goal of module 1 lesson 1 is not only for the learners to be
acquainted with its different parts but also on the adaptability on a selfinstructed, self-paced exercise. Learners, you are very welcome to explore as
you walk through the guided series of activities leading to its module
What’s In
Today, as you continue working on the different learning tasks on
modal words, your competence on constructing grammatical sentences will
be developed. Have fun today!
Activity 1 Roller Skate at the Park
Study the conversation between two friends in the park.
It’s so great that you can roller skate, Geterel!
Geterel: I wish I could do it, too! It must be terrific!
Don’t worry, I will teach you soon. After few hours of roller
skating in the park.
Geterel: Shall we go home now, Ramel?
Could we stay a little bit longer, please?
Geterel:(phone ringing) Oh that might be your mom.
Yes, she is.
She must be worried because I didn’t ask
What does the italicized words mean?
Yes! They are called modals. We will learn further about modals and its
various functions as we go through with your first module.
What’s New
As we begin exploring, this time, we will read the excerpt from “The
Analects and Zen Parables: The Thief Who Became a Disciple”:
“Spare me your mercy. I will need some to pay the tribute that is
requested by the King. His only anxiety is lest he should fail to recognize
theirs. I would say, “Let there be no evil in your thoughts. They will keep
their self-respect and come to you of their own accord. You, shall teach you
what knowledge is?”
Comprehension Questions: Read the following questions and encircle the
letter of the correct answer.
1. What values are present in the paragraph above?
a. justice and fairness
b. hard work and industry
c. humility and compassion
d. nationalism and heroism
2. What do you mean by the line “Let there be no evil in your thoughts”?
justice and fairness
a. We should always set our mind positively.
b. We should find ways to fight against tempt us.
c. We should be resilient in every adversity that comes our way.
d. We should think of the goodness and good things for our brothers.
3. What is the author’s purpose of the text?
a. To inform on the goodness of humanity
b. To inspire others to be one with nature.
c. To convince that mercy and compassion would make a better world.
d. All of the above
This time, focus your attention to the underlined words in every sentence of the
excerpt, what do underlined words in common? What do we call this
expression? Yes, you are correct! It is modal. Which of them indicates simple
futurity, obligation, and prohibition? Check your answers using the key to
The underlined words in the excerpt that you have just read are examples of
What is It
Now learner, your few questions in the previous activities will be
answered shortly. The concept of modals will be explained in detailed with
examples for you to be guided. Let’s gear up learner!
Modal verbs or modal auxiliary verbs are a type of verbs that indicates
modality, i.e., likelihood, permission, ability and obligation. Some of the common
modal verbs are can, could, may, might and must.
They are a kind of special verbs which behave very irregularly in English. Modals
cannot be represented alone as a main verb since they are always used in the helping
form. Let’s learn them one by one and take another step towards English fluency.
Can and Could
These modal verbs are usually used to show ability.
We use CAN to talk about things that we are able to do in the present or the
immediate future.
For example:
1. She can help you
with your
homework later
2. They can dance all
night long!
We use COULD to talk about what
we were able to do in the past. We also use COULD for polite requests.
For example:
1. Long ago, people could travel
without permits.
2. Could you pass me the
sugar, please?
3. If we have enough time,
we could go to the
playground later.
Must, Might, and May
These modal verbs are usually used to
express obligation and possibility.
We use MUST to talk about obligations
and when we are sure something is true.
For example:
1. You must eat your
2. He is not home yet.
He must be stuck on a
We use MIGHT and MAY to say that something is possible, but not sure. We also
use MAY to talk about approval.
For example:
1. The kids might like potato, but I'm not sure.
2. This might be the most difficult decision he couldever do.
3. You may choose any gift that you like best.
4. You may have a chocolate after dinner.
We use SHOULD as modal
verb to talk about obligation.
For example:
1. It's a beautiful day!
We should take a
walk outside.
Will, Shall, and Would
We use WILL and SHALL to talk about the future, especially for predictions
and promises. Remember that we only use shall for the first person (I or we).
For example:
1. I shall arrive home late this
2. She will be able to buy some new
dress soon.
3. I will chat you later.
We use WOULD in conditionals and for polite requests.
For example:
1. Would you please solve this problem?
2. If we had a lot of money, we would go on vacation every day!
The negative forms CANNOT/CAN’T, MUSTN’T and MAY NOT (more formal) are used
to express prohibitions:
1. I'm sorry, but you can't stay here.
2. You mustn't touch that Ming vase.
3. Non-committee members may not
vote on committee issues.
Used in the negative, BE to can also express
What’s More
Let’s proceed to the application of our learnings. In this activity, your
knowledge on modals and its functions will be solidified through series of test items.
Let’s go learner, have fun!
Choose the correct modal words to complete the following sentences.
1. I
(can, could)go to the party this evening.
2. A:(Can, Could)
B: Yes, he
Noel cook Italian food?
(can, could).
3. You(will, would)
see that I am right.
4. (Shall, Should)
I open the door?
5. She knows, she
(must, might) be there.
6. You
(may, might) leave if you wish.
7. My sister
8. They
(can, could) sing together very well.
9. Which pen
10. He
(can, could)speak English fluently.
(shall, should) I buy?
(will, would) talk about nothing but movies.
B. Complete the paragraph by writing the appropriate modals.
I have been to the different countries; however, I feel I (1)
(may, might) not
be doing so in the coming days. Recently, I got a new office position that (2)
(will, would) demand most of my time. I (3) (shall, should), however, delegate
most of my works. After a year or so, I (4)
(will, would)think of continuing with
my travel business since I (5)
(may, might) have covered most of the work that
I need to cover now.
What I Have Learned
It’s another day of embracing new learning and learning opportunity. After
various activities, you are expected to take this learning task so easily. Have fun,
Complete the concept definition by supplying the correct term to form the
given concept.
is a type of verb that is used to indicate modality – that
is: likelihood, ability, permission, request, capacity, suggestions, order, prohibition
obligation, or advice.
Say something about the table.
past ability, suggestion
Darwin can sing, dance
and act.
He could speak fluent
Bahasa when he was 8.
permission, approval
He may borrow my
Journalism book.
The teacher said he might
be late.
Offer or suggestion
I should solve this
Advice, uncertain
book by Monday
Willingness, certain
predictions or promises
Request, invitation or
You will see that you are
making arrangement
You shall return this
He would stand for hours
talking to himself.
'can't' and 'mustn't' (must
You can't go into that
not) are used to show
facility without a health
that something is
prohibited (not allowed)
You can't drive in across
'Can't' usually gives the
Davao Region border
idea of something that is
without a travel authority
against the rules. Mustn’t
usually means that it is
the speaker who is
setting the rule.
Remember that
are used as auxiliary or helping verbs
with special functions. These verbs help speakers and writers express their
attitude to what they speak or write about.
verbs are used
to express responsibility, obligation, probability, etc.
What I Can Do
As you take this exciting part of the module, we will have self-check on how far you
can go on modal usage and apply the skill into real life situation. Take your time
A. Complete the sentences in the paragraph with appropriate modals.
1. When
I talk to you about the company report?
2. Most dinosaurs walked on land, but some
fly or even
3. I
hear your soft voice clearly.
4. I
drive a truck when I was only sixteen years old.
5. She
sit for hours talking to herself. would should Either
could be used here.
keep your promise. would should Either could be
used here.
7. They
be rich to live in such a house.
8. She
be at home this time.
10. You
God give you long life!
pay your taxes.
B. Complete the paragraph below using the appropriate modal.
Seeing a crow eating a piece of bread a fox thought how it (1) trick that
fellow. It said, “(2)
fox again said, “(3)
I talk to you, Sir?” The crow did not even look at the fox. The
you please pay a little attention to me? What a nice bird
you are! Your voice (4) be very sweet. I am sure you (5) sing very well.”
C. List down reminders pertaining to the use of gadget/s set by your parents at home
(Construct your sentences using modal of obligation shall, should)
D. Create a bond paper size poster on how you can help the government on their
Stay at Home Campaign productively (Construct your sentences using modal of
prohibition, can’t, mustn’t)
Your teacher-facilitator is happy that you have come to the evaluation part of this
module. By taking these series of test items we will measure how well did you master
modals and its functions. Have fun learner!
A. Complete the sentences in the paragraph with appropriate modals.
1. Douglas
eat pizza all day long.
2. How many hot dogs
3. I
5. We
you eat at one time?
read without my reading glasses.
we play tennis, Mommy?
fail, but let’s not think about it
6. We agreed that it
7. He
not use the car.
8. Long ago, people
be dangerous
travel without permits.
you pass me the sugar, please?
10. If we have enough time, we
go to the playground later.
B. Complete the following sentences by writing the appropriate modal words. After
you have answered the ten-item assessment test, read carefully the instructions
below to complete the table on modal words and its functions.
1. I didn’t feel very well yesterday. I
2. You
look at me when I am talking to you.
3.I was using my pencil a minute ago. It
4. Already as a child Mozart
5.You really
not eat anything.
be here somewhere!
play the piano beautifully.
not be late again.
6.If you don’t start working harder, you
repeat the course next year.
7.His parents spoil him. He’s always
8.Phone her now. She
allowed to do whatever he wants.
be home by now.
9. I
help you, but I don’t want to.
be able to help you, but I’m not sure yet.
C. Write down the identified modal words from the ten-item assessment test above
and identify its functions. Write your answer on the table below. Item 1 is done
for you.Take your time learner!
Additional Activities
Great day to you dear learner! To enrich your skill and measure how well you
understood the modal usage concept, another exciting activity is prepared for you.
Have fun!
Fill in the blanks with appropriate modals.
1. A:
B: Yes, I
2. Ellie
3. I
5. She
6. That
you read when you were four years old?
ride a bicycle. She rides it to school every day.
go out to the park to play because of the good weather.
you see the moon last night?
sit for hours listening to the radio. will shall
be the postman, I think. will shall Either could be used here
you have tea? Will Shall Either could be used here
you lend me your scooter? Will Shall Either could be used here
9. We
finish it on time.
10. There be
rain today.
B. Complete the sentences in the paragraph with appropriate modals. (Will / Shall,
Would/ Should or Can/Could, May/Might)
Man 1
live without food and water for some time, but he/she 2
not live without air. We 3
foul or polluted air 4
inhale pure, oxygen-rich air. Breathing
cause chest related problems. Exposure to cold air 5
be avoided. When a person catches cold, he 6
and easily digestible food. He 7
circumstances. He 8
take simple, light
avoid going out in cold under all
to keep his body warm by putting on woolen clothes.
Answer Key
Almonte, L.R. et.al. (2015). Celebrating Diversity through World Literature:
EnglishLearner’s Material. Pasig City. REX Book Store, Inc., Department of
Education –Instructional Materials Council Secretariat (DepEd – IMCS)
Edumantra: Best CBSE Knowledgebase (2012). Gap filling Exercises.Retrieved on
June 9, 2020 athttps://edumantra.net/grammar/gap-filling-exercises-forclass-9-10-solvedexercise-910/
Learn24X7. 2020. Learning made easy and simple. Retrieved on June 8, 2020 at
Madan, Chander. (2015, July, 20). Modal verbs and its types. Retrieved on June 9,
2020 https://english.eagetutor.com/spoken-english-grammar/modal-verbsand-its-types
For inquiries or feedback, please write or call:
Department of Education–Region XI Davao City Division
Elpidio Quirino Avenue, Davao City, Davao del Sur, Philippines
Telephone: (082) 224 0100 / 228 3970
Email Address: info@deped-davaoc2it3y.ph / lrmds.davaocity@deped.gov.ph