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Discussion topics ECL

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Discussion topics
(L3/S/001)
Mass Media
Nowadays there are numerous sources of information. Look at the list below. Discuss the following media and try
to agree which of them is the most and the least informative. Be ready to justify your choice.
TV
radio
press
the Internet
What makes the mass media so influential?
What can be done to ensure objectivity of the media?
(L3/S/002)
Military
The Polish Armed Forces are undergoing significant changes. Look at the list below. Discuss the following areas of
change and try to agree which is the most and the least important. Be ready to justify your choice.
professional army
equipment
system of training
personnel policy
What has caused the decreasing popularity of joining the military?
What can be done to improve interoperability with other Armed Forces?
(L3/S/003)
Social problems
There are many social problems facing modern society nowadays. Look at the list below. Discuss the problems and
try to agree which of them is the most and the least serious. Be ready to justify your choice.
workaholism
addictions
emigration
poverty
What has made so many people leave Poland?
What can be done to improve working conditions in Poland?
(L3/S/004)
Health
The number of overweight people has been increasing rapidly. Look at the list below. Discuss the reasons for
obesity and try to agree which is the most and the least serious. Be ready to justify your choice.
exercise
food
genes
stress
What are the causes of the spread of various diseases in poor countries?
What should be done to fight poverty in the world?
(L3/S/005)
Disasters
The number of people who die in road accidents is steadily growing due to different reasons. Look at the list below.
Discuss the following areas and try to agree which is the most and the least serious. Be ready to justify your
choice.
roads
vehicles
driving style
driving courses
What causes so many victims and so much damage in natural disasters?
What should be done to slow down global warming?
(L3/S/006)
Conflicts
Polish troops have recently started the mission in Afghanistan. Our soldiers may face many problems there. Look at
the list below. Discuss the problem areas and try to agree which is the most and the least serious. Be ready to
justify your choice.
EQUIPMENT
LANGUAGE/CULTURE
CLIMATE
TASKS
How have the ongoing military conflicts influenced the world?
What should be done to help people affected by military conflicts?
(L3/S/007)
Crime
People face a lot of different crimes nowadays. Look at the list below. Discuss how people can protect themselves
against these crimes and decide which of them is the most and the least serious. Be ready to justify your choice.
BURGLARY
CAR THEFT
ARMED ROBBERY
PICKPOCKETING
What causes so much violence among teenagers?
What can be done by the government to prevent crime in Poland?
(L3/S/008)
Sport
Some sports are considered to be dangerous. Look at the list below. Discuss the dangers connected with them and
try to agree which of these sports is the most and the least dangerous. Be ready to justify your choice.
BODYBUILDING
CAR RACING
CLIMBING
BOXING
What makes practicing sport in Poland difficult and unpopular?
What needs to be done to prepare Poland well for EURO 2012?
(L3/S/009)
Inventions
Technology is developing very fast nowadays. Look at the list below. Talk about advantages and disadvantages of
the following inventions and try to agree which of them influenced our lives the most and the least. Be ready to
justify your choice.
TELEPHONE
COMPUTER
PLANE
TELEVISION
What military technology has proved that progress can be dangerous and harmful? Why?
How might technological progress change our life in the future?
(L3/S/010)
Work
People do a lot of different jobs. Look below at the list of people who have responsible jobs. Discuss advantages
and disadvantages of the following jobs and try to agree which of them is the most and the least responsible. Be
ready to justify your choice.
POLITICIAN
DOCTOR
JOURNALIST
SOLDIER
What has caused the increasing unemployment in Poland?
What might be the consequences of so many young people leaving Poland now?
Briefing subjects
(L3/S/011)
The maintenance division you work for got less money for the equipment than needed, so a careful decision on
how to spend it is necessary. Give a briefing on two possible ways of spending money describing their advantages
and disadvantages. Recommend one and justify your choice.



buy some modern equipment
upgrade the old equipment
other
(L3/S/012)
The medical station in your unit is located in an old building which is too small and in poor condition. It has to be
moved to another place. Give a briefing on two possible solutions describing their advantages and disadvantages.
Recommend one and explain why.



construction of a new building
adaptation of another building
other
(L3/S/013)
There will be a multinational exercise held in the UK soon. Its aim is to put emergency procedures for a terrorist
attack into practice. Give a briefing on two candidate platoons describing their advantages and disadvantages.
Think of: skills, experience, languages. Recommend one platoon and justify your choice.


platoon Alpha
platoon Beta
(L3/S/014)
The command of your unit have been asked by the local authorities for their opinion about selling some land next
to your unit grounds. There are two companies offering different investments. Give a briefing to assess the
influence of the potential investments on the unit describing their advantages and disadvantages. Recommend the
more acceptable one and justify your choice.


investment A
investment B
(L3/S/015)
You work in a military base abroad. A plan to close a primary school in the base and send children to a big school
in town raised the parents’ concern. As a PR officer, you are to present the problem to the military authorities and
suggest solutions. Give a briefing describing advantages and disadvantages of two of them. Recommend one
solution and justify your choice.



keeping the school
sending kids to a local school
other
(L3/S/016)
On a UN mission you were tasked with preparing a plan for the delivery of new equipment. It has to be transported
to the camp 350 km away. Give a briefing on two possible ways of supplying the equipment describing their
advantages and disadvantages. Recommend one and justify your choice.



one big convoy
two convoys
other
(L3/S/017)
Recently there was a theft of a vehicle from the base car park. An inspection revealed it is not secured sufficiently.
Give a briefing on two solutions to the problem describing their advantages and disadvantages. Recommend one
and justify your choice.



electronic monitoring
more sentries and patrols
other
(L3/S/018)
You serve in a remote UN outpost in Africa. There have been cases of people stealing supplies delivered by land.
Give a briefing on two solutions to the problem describing their advantages and disadvantages. Recommend one
and justify your choice.



better protection
delivery by air
other
(L3/S/019)
Anti-narcotic tests conducted in the unit showed that many young soldiers use drugs on the base. You are to
prepare a prevention program. Give a briefing on two solutions describing their advantages and disadvantages.
Recommend one and justify your choice.



anti-drug talks for troops
tighter supervision of troops
other
(L3/S/020)
Some barracks in your unit are to be renovated. You have been tasked with finding
a company to do it. Give a briefing in which you present two building teams describing their advantages and
disadvantages. Recommend one company and justify your choice.


a military construction team
a private building company
Task 1
Briefing topics
(L3/S/031)
Due to a conflict between militant groups in the neighbouring country, an increasing number of people are
crossing the border in order to find refuge in your country. You have been tasked to choose a location
where a temporary refugee camp can be set up. Suggest two possible locations, describe the advantages and
disadvantages of each, recommend one and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– use an old military unit
– use a modern civilian facility
– other
(L3/S/032)
There is a growing tension among soldiers in your unit. You have been tasked to suggest two courses of
action which are to improve the situation. Describe the pros and cons of each option, recommend one of
them and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– organize a sports competition
– organize a social event for soldiers and their families
– other
(L3/S/033)
You have been tasked to organize an event that would encourage local teenagers to join the military. Give a
briefing on two possible courses of action describing the pros and cons of each. Recommend one of the
options justifying your choice.
Possible options:
– soldiers’ visit to a local community cetre
– inviting a group of teenagers to your unit
– other
(L3/S/034)
You have been tasked to transport a heavy piece of equipment from another unit that is 150 km away. Give
a briefing on two possible ways of dealing with the problem describing their advantages and disadvantages.
Recommend one solution and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– use your unit’s vehicles
– pay for railway transport
– other
(L3/S/035)
MoD has issued a warning of a possible terrorist attack in your country. Give a briefing on two possible
ways of increasing security in your unit where many civilian workers are employed. Describe advantages
and disadvantages of each option. Recommend one and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– install new explosive detectors
– double the number of security guards
– other
(L3/S/036)
There have been instances of negligence on the part of a security company that has been protecting your
base. You have been tasked with hiring a different security company. In a briefing to your CO, present two
possible firms describing their advantages and disadvantages. Recommend one of the options justifying
your choice.
Possible options:
– an international security company
– a local security company
– other
(L3/S/037)
Your unit has been designated to contribute to the improvement of infrastructure in your area of
responsibility. Present two options of achieving this aim to your superiors, discussing their advantages and
disadvantages. Recommend one of them justifying your choice.
Possible options:
– building a school
– renovating a local hospital
– other
(L3/S/038)
You are responsible for allocating budget for the procurement of new equipment for your unit. In a briefing
to your CO, present two options and describe their advantages and disadvantages. Recommend one of them
and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– purchase brand new equipment/gear
– purchase second-hand equipment/gear
– other
(L3/S/039)
You have been informed by the reconnaissance battalion that local insurgents are planning an attack on
your base. Give a briefing on two possible courses of action that can be taken presenting their advantages
and disadvantages. Recommend one of them and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– carry out a pre-emptive attack on the insurgents
– increase combat readiness at your base
– other
(L3/S/040)
A group of female voters was kidnapped during a major election in your area of responsibility. An
extremist group has claimed responsibility for the kidnappings and demands the release of their activist in
exchange for the hostages. You have been tasked with recommending the best way of conducting
negotiations with the kidnappers. Talk about advantages and disadvantages of each course of action.
Recommend one and justify your choice.
Possible options:
– involve your own mediators
– involve an international group of negotiators
– other
Speaking topics for level 3 exam
0 Comments
Level 3 exam – speaking part
Task 2
(L3/S/021-030)
While preparing for the exam you usually wonder what tasks you would receive. Here are the latest speaking
topics you would be required to deal with at the exam on level 3. Not difficult, still need to be developed in
advance to avoid surprises. If you try to answer the tasks now, your final performence at the exam will be
much better and smooth. Each set contains some statements and possible options supporting/delevoping it –
let’s call them “hints for students”. Below each statement you will also find some additional questions. These
are questions which will be asked by examinators but you will not be provided with them in advance at the
exam. So, this is the only part which might surprise you. What you will receive during exam is surrounded
here by a dotted frame, which constitutes a single examination sheet. Good luck!
EDUCATION
There are a number of conditions that must be fulfilled to make education effective. Look at the list
below and decide which of the following factors cotribute to students’ progress most and least. Justify your
opinions.
TEACHERS’ QUALIFICATIONS
STUDENTS’ COMMITMENT
MODERN FACILITIES
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Some people say that private schools give students better opportunities than their public equivalents.
Discuss.
2. Teaching contemporary students is getting more and more difficult. Why is this the case and how can
modern teachers respond to the challenge?
3. Many young people emigrate right after graduation. What can be the consequences of this trend and how
can it be prevented?
THE MILITARY
There are a number of ways in which families of deployed soldiers can be supported. Look at the list below
and decide which of these methods are the most and least effective. Be ready to justify your choice.
COMMUNITY SUPPORT
PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT FINANCIAL SUPPORT
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Soldiers returning from military missions face problems with adapting to everyday life. What can be
done to make this process easier?
2. What can be done to ease soldiers’ trasition from the military to civilian job market?
3. There are more disadvantages of military missions than advantages. Discuss.
NATURAL DISASTERS
Victims of natural disasters can be helped in a variety of ways. Look at the list below and decide which
sources of assistance might be the most and least effective. Be ready to justify your choice.
INSURANCE COVERAGE
GOVERNMENT RELIEF FUNDS
CHARITY RELIEF FUNDS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. In what ways can the army help when a natural disaster strikes?
2. Do you think Polish people know how to behave in emergency situations? What can be done to broaden
their knowledge in this area?
3. Climate change is one of the main reasons why natural disasters are more frequent. Are the world
governments doing enough to stop climate change?
SOCIAL MEDIA
Social media is growing in popularity and importance. Look at the list below and decide which of these
areas is influenced most and least by social media.
ECONOMY
POLITICS
SOCIAL LIFE
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. A lot of people take up writing blogs these days. What do you think about this trend?
2. The quality of TV news services and newspaper reports is getting poorer. Do you agree?
3. Should tabloid reporters and paparazzi be punished for invading celebrities’ privacy? Why? Why not?
MODERN ADDICTIONS
Contemporary lifestyle makes people develop modern addictions. Look at the list and decide which of the
addictions below has the most and least harmful effect on people’s lives. Be ready to justify your choice.
WORKAHOLISM
SHOPAHOLISM
INTERNET ADDICTION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Which social group is most likely to develop modern addictions? Why?
2. What can be done to help people overcome their addictions?
3. Soft drugs should be legalized. Do you agree?
SOCIAL MATTERS
Nowadays more and more people remain single. Look at the list below and decide which factor contributes
to this phenomenon most and least. Justify your opinion.
IMMATURITY
ECONOMIC SITUATION
PERSONAL CHOICE
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. The rising number of single people leads to a demographic low. What can be the consequences of this
trend and what can be done to reverse it?
2. 60% of marriages in the EU end in divorce. What are the causes and effects of this tendency?
3. Single people should pay higher taxes. Do you agree? Why (not)?
JOB MARKET
There are a lot of factors contributing to unemployment in Poland. Look at the list of factors below and
decide which is the most and the least influential. Justify your opinion.
INFLUX OF IMMIGRANTS
HIGH TECHNOLOGY
PEOPLE’S INADEQUATE SKILLS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. What can be the long-term consequences of unemployment among young people?
2. What ways of reducing unemployment are the most effective? Discuss.
3. At what age should people retire? Why?
ENERGY SOURCES
There are a number of reasons why Poland is more and more frequently turning to alternative sources of
energy. Look at the list below and decide what are the most and least important reasons for this trend.
ENERGY INDEPENDENCE
ENVIRONMENTAL CARE
ECONOMIC REASONS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Another way in which Poland can achieve energy independence is to develop a nuclear energy sector. Do
you agree?
2. What has changed i Polish people’s attitude to ecology in recent years?
3. Many people throw away food. What are the causes and consequences of this phenomenon?
FINANCIAL ISSUES
Nowadays more and more people get into financial trouble. Look at the list below and decide which of the
factors are the most and the least influential with regard to this problem. Justify your opinion.
EASY ACCESS TO LOANS LOW INCOME LACK OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Polish people give less and less money to charity. What are the reasons for this trend?
2. At what age should people become financially independent? Why?
3. What can be done to minimize income inequality?
TERRORISM
More and more European citizens turn to terrorist activity. Look at the list of reasons for this tendency and
decide which of them is the most and least influential. Justify your opinion.
IGNORANCE
PROPAGANDA
FRUSTRATION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. What can be done to increase a feeling of security in your country?
2. Terrorist attacks on civilians can arouse prejudice against some minorities. What can be done to prevent
it?
3. Cyber attacks are another powerful tool in the hands of terrorists nowadays. What can be done to deal
with this threat?
Speaking topics for level 3 exam
0 Comments
Level 3 exam – speaking part
Task 2
(L3/S/021-030)
While preparing for the exam you usually wonder what tasks you would receive. Here are the latest
speaking topics you would be required to deal with at the exam on level 3. Not difficult, still need
to be developed in advance to avoid surprises. If you try to answer the tasks now, your final
performence at the exam will be much better and smooth. Each set contains some statements and
possible options supporting/delevoping it – let’s call them “hints for students”. Below each
statement you will also find some additional questions. These are questions which will be asked by
examinators but you will not be provided with them in advance at the exam. So, this is the
only part which might surprise you. What you will receive during exam is surrounded here by a
dotted frame, which constitutes a single examination sheet. Good luck!
EDUCATION
There are a number of conditions that must be fulfilled to make education effective. Look at the
list below and decide which of the following factors cotribute to students’ progress most and
least. Justify your opinions.
TEACHERS’ QUALIFICATIONS
STUDENTS’ COMMITMENT
MODERN FACILITIES
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Some people say that private schools give students better opportunities than their public
equivalents. Discuss.
2. Teaching contemporary students is getting more and more difficult. Why is this the case and
how can modern teachers respond to the challenge?
3. Many young people emigrate right after graduation. What can be the consequences of this
trend and how can it be prevented?
THE MILITARY
There are a number of ways in which families of deployed soldiers can be supported. Look at the
list below and decide which of these methods are the most and least effective. Be ready to justify
your choice.
COMMUNITY SUPPORT
PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT
FINANCIAL SUPPORT
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Soldiers returning from military missions face problems with adapting to everyday life. What
can be done to make this process easier?
2. What can be done to ease soldiers’ trasition from the military to civilian job market?
3. There are more disadvantages of military missions than advantages. Discuss.
NATURAL DISASTERS
Victims of natural disasters can be helped in a variety of ways. Look at the list below and decide
which sources of assistance might be the most and least effective. Be ready to justify your
choice.
INSURANCE COVERAGE
GOVERNMENT RELIEF FUNDS
CHARITY RELIEF
FUNDS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. In what ways can the army help when a natural disaster strikes?
2. Do you think Polish people know how to behave in emergency situations? What can be done to
broaden their knowledge in this area?
3. Climate change is one of the main reasons why natural disasters are more frequent. Are the
world governments doing enough to stop climate change?
SOCIAL MEDIA
Social media is growing in popularity and importance. Look at the list below and decide which of
these areas is influenced most and least by social media.
ECONOMY
POLITICS
SOCIAL LIFE
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. A lot of people take up writing blogs these days. What do you think about this trend?
2. The quality of TV news services and newspaper reports is getting poorer. Do you agree?
3. Should tabloid reporters and paparazzi be punished for invading celebrities’ privacy? Why?
Why not?
MODERN ADDICTIONS
Contemporary lifestyle makes people develop modern addictions. Look at the list and decide
which of the addictions below has the most and least harmful effect on people’s lives. Be ready
to justify your choice.
WORKAHOLISM
SHOPAHOLISM
INTERNET ADDICTION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Which social group is most likely to develop modern addictions? Why?
2. What can be done to help people overcome their addictions?
3. Soft drugs should be legalized. Do you agree?
SOCIAL MATTERS
Nowadays more and more people remain single. Look at the list below and decide which factor
contributes to this phenomenon most and least. Justify your opinion.
IMMATURITY
ECONOMIC SITUATION
PERSONAL CHOICE
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. The rising number of single people leads to a demographic low. What can be the
consequences of this trend and what can be done to reverse it?
2. 60% of marriages in the EU end in divorce. What are the causes and effects of this tendency?
3. Single people should pay higher taxes. Do you agree? Why (not)?
JOB MARKET
There are a lot of factors contributing to unemployment in Poland. Look at the list of factors
below and decide which is the most and the least influential. Justify your opinion.
INFLUX OF IMMIGRANTS
HIGH TECHNOLOGY
PEOPLE’S INADEQUATE SKILLS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. What can be the long-term consequences of unemployment among young people?
2. What ways of reducing unemployment are the most effective? Discuss.
3. At what age should people retire? Why?
ENERGY SOURCES
There are a number of reasons why Poland is more and more frequently turning to alternative
sources of energy. Look at the list below and decide what are the most and least important
reasons for this trend.
ENERGY INDEPENDENCE
ENVIRONMENTAL CARE
ECONOMIC REASONS
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Another way in which Poland can achieve energy independence is to develop a nuclear energy
sector. Do you agree?
2. What has changed i Polish people’s attitude to ecology in recent years?
3. Many people throw away food. What are the causes and consequences of this phenomenon?
FINANCIAL ISSUES
Nowadays more and more people get into financial trouble. Look at the list below and decide
which of the factors are the most and the least influential with regard to this problem. Justify
your opinion.
EASY ACCESS TO LOANS
LOW INCOME
LACK OF ECONOMIC EDUCATION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. Polish people give less and less money to charity. What are the reasons for this trend?
2. At what age should people become financially independent? Why?
3. What can be done to minimize income inequality?
TERRORISM
More and more European citizens turn to terrorist activity. Look at the list of reasons for this
tendency and decide which of them is the most and least influential. Justify your opinion.
IGNORANCE
PROPAGANDA
FRUSTRATION
Possible examinator’s questions:
1. What can be done to increase a feeling of security in your country?
2. Terrorist attacks on civilians can arouse prejudice against some minorities. What can be done
to prevent it?
3. Cyber attacks are another powerful tool in the hands of terrorists nowadays. What can be
done to deal with this threat?
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