ADV211E LECTURE 2 05 MAY 2021 Lecturer: Dr N. Khewu SIX TRAITS OF WRITING ACTIVITY 1: Correct this letter taking note of the 6 7rait above • Dear tchrs (qualfd & in training), Imge counts. Da exprexion that actns speak louder thn words"is true. Nobdy will take u seriously if u undervalue yoself. Amongst the few, here ar 3 thngs tht may sabotage ur presentation b4 u even open ur mouth. I may sound oldskul bt d following flaws hv no tym factor. 1. rytn in short hand: u may blv it saves tym bt d frst messge it shouts is u cnt ryt. No teacher shld b allowed to ryt in dat manner as evry teacher is supoz 2teach learners n students how 2 ryt & 2 ensure dt a learners or students rytng improves erryday. Out of habit u may end up using dt rytng style in formal official documents. Trying 2 figure out wht d ryter is saying is very irritating n tym consuming. Ryting is a skill u hv learnt n mastered over tym n if u ar casual abt hw u ryt u easily lose d skill. U dnt hv 2b a language teacher 2ryt properly, evry teacher is a role model n de4 teachers ar expctd 2b exemplary. 2. chewing a gum: as a it is disrespectful 2tok wd ur mouth full of fud it is equally disrespectful 2teach or 2b in a formal event chewing gum. Infect da person hu invented a gum shud b shot ded. A gum is distracting d learners may struggle 2 grasp da learning content whilst tryn 2 figa out wat da tcha is tryn to say in between chewing n teaching. D worst part of being a chewing gum user is when 1 is preoccupied or deep in thought, de is nothing as disgusting as an aimless gum chewing. If u use d gum 2distract yoself from overthinking dbest thing 2do wld b 2 explore other self regulation strategies dt may assist u not 2think. Go en tok 2 a psychologist. 3. chapped nails: it's either u use d nail polish or not. Der is nthg as hideous as dirty nails. If u cnt tyk care of yoself u can't b trusted wd chldrn. As aforementioned, teachers ar rolemodels, de4 what ar u modelling? if u hv 2use nail polish, at list make sure that ur hands n nails are clean. 1st imprssns last. Regards, Dr Khewu ACTIVITY 1 cont. Make note of all the parts you have revised and the reasons thereof TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING Complexity 1. Academic writing is complex, has longer words and more varied vocabulary. 2. It uses more noun-based phrases than verb-based phrases/Academic writing tends to use nouns (and adjectives), rather than verbs 3. Academic texts are shorter and grammatically complex 4. 4. Academic has more subordinate clauses and more passives TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Formality 1. Academic writing is relatively formal – informal/slang words and expressions are avoided 2. E.g. Assignment or application letter TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Precision 1. In academic writing, facts and figures are given accurately 2. No distortion of facts – application letter or CV TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Objectivity 1. Academic writing is generally objective rather than personal 2. Has fewer words that refer to the writer or the reader 3. The main emphasis is on the information that you want to give and the arguments/influences TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Explicitness 1. Academic writing is clear to the reader how the various parts of the text are related - use of different gesturing/signalling words TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Accuracy 1. Academic writing uses vocabulary/jargon/terminology accurately. TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Hedging 1. In academic writing, your stance should be clear, on a particular subject. You cannot be vague/imprecise TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Responsibility In academic writing, you must be responsible for, and must be able to provide evidence and justification for, any claims you make. TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Organization 1. Academic writing is well organised - flows easily from one section to the next in a logical/sound fashion TEN MAIN FEATURES OF ACADEMIC WRITING cont. Planning 1. Academic writing is well planned - researched and evaluated according to a specific purpose and plan. 2. LBs call CONCLUSION Enjoy the rest of the week and stay blessed….