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Curriculum

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COURSE CURRICULUM
SESSION FEB 2020-2021
WINTER SEMESTER: FEBRUARY – JUNE 2021
U. G . S E ME ST E R - I I
NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSIT Y, JODHPUR
Course Coordinator: MS. VINI SINGH
TABLE OF CONTENTS
S.NO.
1
TITLE OF CHAPTER
Academic Calendar
ANNEXURE NO.
Annexure-I
Student’s Corner:
2
Attendance Chart
Annexure-II
Continuous Assessment Chart
3
List of Subjects
Annexure-III
ANNEXURE -I
ACADEMIC CALENDAR February – June 2021
S. No.
1.
7.
8.
9.
Event
Commencement of classes 2nd
Semester (Online) (Provisional
Admission)
Last Teaching Day
Commencement of End Term
Examination
Last Day of End Term
Examination
Declaration of Result
Commencement of Classes for
Next Semester (Provisional
Admission)
List of Holidays
Republic Day
Holi
10.
Id ul Fitr.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Date
February 19, 2021
Day
Friday
May 28, 2021
June 01, 2021
Friday
Tuesday
June 14, 2021
Monday
June 30, 2021
July 05, 2021
Wednesday
Monday
January 26, 2021
March, 28 & 29,
2021
May 13, 2021
Tuesday
Sunday and
Monday
Thursday
ANNEXURE -II
STUDENT CORNER: ATTENDANCE
SUBJECTS
Law of Torts, MV Act and
Consumer Protection
Contract -II
Constitutional Governance -II
Legal Language and Art of
Advocacy
Economics-I General Principles of
Micro Economics
Political Science II-Indian
Government and Politics
February
March
April
May
Total
%
ANNEXURE –II (CONTD.)
STUDENT CORNER: CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT
SUBJECTS
Law of Torts, MV Act and Consumer
Protection
Contract -II
Constitutional Governance -II
Legal Language and Art of Advocacy
Economics-I General Principles of
Micro Economics
Political Science II-Indian
Government and Politics
Test 1
Test 2
Test 3
Midterm
ANNEXURE -III
LIST OF SUBJECTS
S.NO
Courses
Compulsory/
Faculty
Page No.
Stream
Compulsory
2
Law of Torts, MV Act and
Consumer Protection
Contract -II
3
Constitutional Governance -II
Compulsory
4
Legal Language and Art of
Advocacy
Economics-I General Principles
of Micro Economics
Political Science II-Indian
Government and Politics
Compulsory
1
5
6
Compulsory
Humanities and
Social Sciences
Humanities and
Social Sciences
Mr.Rohan Cherian
Thomas
Mr. Arunabha
Banerjee
Ms. Sayantani
Bagchi
Dr. Rashmi Mathur
1 - 17
18 - 23
24 - 31
32 - 36
Dr. Chitra Sarupuria
37 - 41
Dr. Manisha Mirdha
42 – 48
Course Curriculum
Law of Torts, MV Act and Consumer Protection| 6 Credits |
Session: February-June 2021 | Faculty: Rohan Cherian Thomas|
Class: B.A. LL.B. II SEMESTER
A. INTRODUCTION
Tort means the breach of some duty, independent of contract, giving rise to a civil cause of
action and for which damages are recoverable. Students must already be familiar with certain
terms such as negligence and defamation, which are, used in common lingo. These terms
indicate a wrongful act against which the party affected can seek a remedy through civil
action.
The course provides a framework for understanding various types of torts. Students will be
familiarised with the essential requirements necessary to constitute these torts along with
their intricacies and development through cases. Further, once identified, the course
facilitates the learning of how to seek remedies for torts effectively. The course shall also
cover Motor Vehicles Act and Consumer Protection Law.
B. COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, students will be able to
[CO.1] Understand the need for tort.
[CO. 2] Appreciate the nuances in different types of tort.
[CO .3] Identify a tort.
[CO. 4] Understand the manner of initiation of civil action against tort.
[CO. 5] Understand the justifications for tort.
[CO .6] Clearly understand the manner of determination of damages and other remedies.
[CO. 7] Demonstrate conceptual clarity with respect.
[CO. 8] Show the ability to incorporate duty of care towards one another in one’s daily
routine.
[CO .9] Demonstrate the ability to reach out to the field and find solutions to practical issues
pertaining to application of tort.
C. PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1]. Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem solving in
domestic and international law contexts;
1
[PO.2]. Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical reading,
writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral communications;
[PO.3]. Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research and
collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4]. An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and
professional values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of
clients, performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner
toward clients and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5]. Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose of
ongoing improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for
lifelong learning and continuing improvement;
[PO.6]. Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and environmental
contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
[PO.7]. Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8]. Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal profession,
judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations, entrepreneurships,
and corporate entities
[PO.9]. Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time
management, discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and
achieving balance in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D. ASSESSMENT PLAN
CRITERIA
CONTINUOUS
ASSESSMENT
END TERM EXAM
DESCRIPTION
WEIGHTAGE
MARKS
3 Tests (Best 2 will be 30%
considered)
Mid-Term
20%
Closed Book
50%
E. CURRICULUM
PART I
TOPIC 1: INTRODUCTION
a) Nature, Definition and Constituents of Torts
b) Ubi Remedium Ibi Jus- Ubi Jus Ibi Remedium
c) Injuria sine Damno- Damnum sine Injuria
d) Tort, Contract, Crime and Breach of Trust distinguished
2
OF
e) Act or Omission
f) Voluntary and Involuntary Acts
g) Mental Elements
h) Malfeasance, Misfeasance and Nonfeasance
i) Fault
Case Laws:
1. Ashby v. White (1703) 2 Ld. Raym. 938.
2. Acton v. Blundell (1843) 12 M & W 324.
3. Smith v. L & S W Rly Co. (1870) LR 6 C.P. 14.
4. Mayor of Bradford v Pickles 1895 AC 587.
5. Wilkinson v. Downtown (1897) 2 QB 57.
6. The Municipal Board of Agra v. Asharfial AIR 1922 All 1.
7. Haynes v. Harwood (1935) 1 KB 146.
8. White v. John Warwick & Co. Ltd. (1953) 2 WLR 1285.
9. Hughes v. Lord Advocate (1963) 1 All E R 705.
10. Rookes v. Barnard (1964) AC 1027.
11. Town Area Committee v. Prabhu Dayal AIR 1975 All. 132.
12. Ushaben v Bhagyalaxmi Chitra Mindir AIR 1978 Guj. 13.
13. Bhim Singh v State of J & K, [AIR 1986 SC 494].
14. Jayalakshmi Salt Works Pvt Ltd. v. State of Gujrat (1994) 4 SCC 1.
15. State of Andhra Pradesh v. Govardhanlal Pitti (2003) 3 SC ALE 107.
List of Readings:
1. Roscoe Pound, What is the Common Law, The University of Chicago Law Review, Vol.
4, No. 2 (Feb., 1937), pp. 176-189.
2. Max Radin, A Speculative Inquiry into the Nature of Torts, 21 Tex. L. Rev. 697 (19421943).
3. Robert W. Drane and David J. Neal, On Moral Justifications for the Tort/Crime
Distinction, California Law Review, Vol. 68, No. 2, Symposium: The Jurisprudence and
Social Policy Program (Mar. 1980), pp. 398-421.
4. Ted Sampsell-Jones, The Myth of Ashby v. White, 8 University of St. Thomas L.J. 40
(2010-2011).
TOPIC 2: CAPACITY TO SUE OR BE SUED
a) Act of State
b) Minors
c) Corporations
d) Lunatic
e) Alien enemy
3
f) Insolvent
g) Convict
h) Joint and Independent Tort Feasors
Case Laws:
1. Merryweather v. Nixan (1799) 8 TR 186.
2. Walker v. G N Railway and Co. of Ireland (1861) L.R. Ir. 69.
3. Campbell v. Paddington Corporation (1911) 1 KB 869.
4. Robinson v. Post Office (1974) All E R 737.
5. Naval Kishore v. Rameshwar AIR 1995 All 594.
List of Readings:
1. Ori J Herstein, How Tort Law Empowers, The University of Toronto Law Journal, Vol.
65, No.1 (Winter 2015), pp. 99-132.
TOPIC 3: JUSTIFICATION OF TORTS
a) Acts of State and Judicial Acts
b) Executive and Administrative Acts
c) Parental and Quasi-Parental Authority
d) Authorities of Necessity
e) Statutory Authority
f) Inevitable Accident
g) Exercise of Common Rights
h) Leave and License
i) Necessity and Private Defence
j) Plaintiff a Wrongdoer
k) Act Causing Slight Harm
l) Vis Major
Cases Laws:
1. Bird v. Hotbrook (1828) 4 Bin 628.
2. Smith v. Baker and Sons (1891) AC 325.
3. South Indian Industrial Ltd. Madras v. Alamulu Anmal (1923) MWN 344
4. Hall v. Brooklands Auto Racing Club (1932) 1 KB 205.
5. Haynes v. Harwood (1935) 1 KB 146.
6. Ramchand Ram Nagaram Rice & Oil Mills Ltd. v. Municipal Commissioner of Purilla
Municipality (1943) ILR 22 Pat 359.
7. Wooldridge v. Summer (1962) 2 All E R 978.
4
8. Gillick v. West Norfolk & Wiseback Area Health Authority (1985) 3 All E R 402.
9. Reeves v. Commission of Police of the Metropolitan (1998) 2 All E R 381.
TOPIC 4: DEATH IN RELATION TO TORTS
a) Common Law
b) Statutory Modifications
c) Damages Recoverable
Case Laws:
1. Baker v. Bolton (1808) 1 Camp 493.
2. M.P.S.R.T.C v. Sudhakar AIR 1977 SC 1189.
3. M. Veerappa v. Evelyn Sequeria AIR 1988 SC 506.
4. General Manager Kerala State Road Transport Corporation v. Mrs. Susamma Thomas AIR
1994 SC 1631.
5. Klaus Mittelbachert v. The East India Hotels Ltd AIR 1997 Del 201.
6. Sarla Verma v. Delhi Transport Corporation (2009) 6 SCC 121.
7. Delhi Jal Board v. National Campaign for Dignity and Rights of Sewerage and Allied
Workers (2011) 8 SCC 568.
TOPIC 5: DISCHARGE OF TORTS
a) Waiver by Election
b) Accord and Satisfaction
c) Release
d) Acquiescence
e) Judgment Recovered
f) Statutes of Limitation
Case Laws:
1. United Australia Ltd. v. Barclays Bank Ltd. 1940 All ER 20 (HL).
2. T. Matheshwari v. T.G.Tulasi (2011) 1 LW 235.
PART II
TOPIC 6: VICARIOUS LIABILITY
a) Principles on which vicarious liability is based:
b) Qui Facit Per Alium Facit Per Se
c) Respondeat superior
d) Modes of vicarious liability:
5
e) Liability by ratification
f) Liability arising out of special relationship
g) Liability for abetment
h) Master and Servant
i) Independent Contractor
j) Vicarious Liability of State
Case Laws:
1. Lister v. Hesley Hall (1856) 1 D & B 118.
2. Peninsular and Oriental Navigation Company v. Secretary of State for India (1861) 5 Bom.
HCR App. 1, p.1.
3. Tarry v. Ashton (1876) 1 QBD 314.
4. Hillyer v St. Bartholomew’s Hospital [(1909) 2 K.B. 820].
5. Lloyd v. Grace Smith & Co. (1912) AC 716.
6. Mersery Docks and Harbour Board v. Coggins & Griffith (Liverpool) Ltd. (1947) AC 1.
7. Cassidy v Ministry of Health [(1951) 1 All. E.R. 574].
8. State Bank of Rajasthan v. Vidyawati AIR 1962 SC 933.
9. Kasturilal Ralia Ram Jain v. State of UP AIR 1965 SC 1039.
10. State Bank of India v. Shyama Devi AIR 1978 SC 1263.
11. N Nagendra Rao & Co. v. State of A.P. AIR 1994 SC 2663.
12. Chairman Railway Road v. Chandrina Das AIR 2000 SC 988.
TOPIC 7: REMEDIES
a) Kinds and Measure of Damages
b) Injunction
c) Specific Restitution
d) Joint and Several Tort-Feasors
e) Contribution between Wrong-Doers
f) Remedies under the Constitution
Case Laws:
1. Scott v. Shepherd (1773) 2 WBI 892.
2. Merryweather v. Nixan (1799) 8 TR 186.
3. Lord v. Pacific Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.; The Oropesa (1943) 1 All ER 211 (CA).
4. Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd. v. Morts Dock & Engineering Co. (Wagon Mound No 1)
(1961) 1 All ER 404.
5. Smith v. Leech Brain & Co. Ltd. (1962) 2 QB 405.
6. Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd. v. Morts Dock & Engineering Co. (Wagon Mound No 2)
(1966) 2 All ER 709.
7. McGhee v. National Coal Board (1972) 3 All ER 1008.
6
8. Robinson v. The Post Office (1974) 2 All ER 737.
9. Chaurasiya & Co. v. Smt. Pramila Rao (1974) ACJ 481 (MP).
10. Emeh v. Kensington and Chelsea and Westminster Area Health Authority (1984) 3 All
ER 1044 (CA).
11. Jolly v. Sutton London Borough Council (2000) 3 All ER 409 (HL).
12. Late Wadhwa and Ors. v. State of Bihar MANU/SC/0456/2001.
13. Simmons v. British Steel Plc (2004) UKHL 20.
14. Barker v. Saint Gobbain Pipelines plc (2005) 2 All ER 661 (CA).
15. Yadava Kumar v. Divisional Manager, National Insurance Company Limited (2010) 10
SCC 341.
TOPIC 8: NEGLIGENCE
a) Definition and essentials of Negligence
b) Res Ipsa Loquitur
c) Rule of Strict Liability, Essential Elements and Defences
d) Rule in Rylands v. Fletcher – evolution and other aspects for understanding
e) Mass Tort Action: Bhopal Gas Tragedy – Present Legal Position
f) Difference between Absolute and Strict Liability
g) Occupiers of Premises
h) Persons in-charge of Children
i) Persons Professing to have Greater Skill
j) Keepers of Dangerous Animals
k) Dangerous Goods
l) Contributory Negligence
m) Nervous Shock
n) Breach of Statutory Duties
o) Master’s Liability to Servant
p) Burden of Proof in Actions of Negligence
q) Contracting out of Liability for Negligence
r) Negligent Misstatement
s) Medical Negligence
Case Laws:
7
1. Rylands v. Fletcher (1868) LR 3 HL 330.
2. Heaven v. Pender (1883) 11 QBD 503.
3. Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Co (1893) 1 QB 256.
4. Greencock Corp. v. Caledonian Railway (1917) AC 556.
5. Donoghue v. Stevenson (1932) AC 562.
6. Grant v. Australian Knitting Mills (1936) AC 85.
7. Read v. Lyons & Co. (1947) AC 156.
8. Bolton v.Stone (1951) AC 850.
9. Bolan v. Friern Hospital Management Committee (1957) 1 WLR 582.
10. Baker v. T E Hopkins & Sons (1959) 1 WLR 966.
11. Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Subhagwati AIR 1966 SC 1750.
12. Hucks v. Cole (1968) 118 New LJ 469.
13. Dr. Lakshman Balkrishna Joshi v. Dr. Trimbak Bapu Godbole MANU/SC/0362/1968.
14. Fletcher v. Western National Life Insurance Co.[1970] 10 CA 3d 376.
15. State of Mysore v. Ramachandra (1970) 73 Bom. LR 732.
16. M C Mehta v. Union of India (Oleum Oil Case) AIR 1978 SC 1086.
17. Allen v. Gulf Oil Refinery Ltd (1981) 1 All E R 353.
18. Maynard v. West Midlands Regional Health Authority [1985] 1 All ER 635.
19. Pinnamaneni Narasimha Rao v. Gundavarapu Jayaprakash AIR 1990 A.P 207.
20. Murphy v. Birmingham Waterworls (1990) 2 All E R 269.
21. UCC v. Union of India (Bhopal Gas Leak) AIR 1990 SC 273.
22. Charan Lal Sahu v. Union of India, AIR 1990 SC 1480.
23. Alcock v. Chief Constable of South Yorkshire (1991) 4 All E R 907.
24. Cambridge Water Works Co. v. Eastern Countries Leather (1994) 1 All E R 53
25. Lucknow Development Authority v. M K Gupta AIR 1994 SC 787.
26. Page v. Smith (1995) 2 All E R 298.
27. Bolitho v. City and Hackney Health Authority (1996) 4 All ER 771.
28. Indian Medical Association v. V P Shantha AIR 1996 SC 550.
29. Poonam Verma v. Aswin Patel MANU/SC/0530/1996.
30. Rajkot Municipal Corporation v. Manjulaben Jayantilal Nukum (1997) 9 SCC 552.
31. M/s Spring Meadows Hospital v. Harjot Singh Anluwalia AIR 1998 SC 1801.
32. Union of India v. United India Insurance AIR 1998 SC 640.
33. Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. Sushil Devi AIR 1999 SC 1929.
34. Association of Victims of Upahar Tragedy v. Union of India 86 (2000) DLT 246.
35. M P Electricity Board v. Sahil Kumar AIR 2002 SC 551.
36. Association of Victims of Uphaar Tragedy v. UOI 2003 ACJ 1631.
37. Jacob Mathew v. State of Punjab MANU/SC/0457/2005.
38. Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences v. Prashant S. Dhananka MANU/SC/0803/2009.
TOPIC 9: DEFAMATION
a) Kinds of Defamation: Libel and Slander
b) Defences
c) Remedies
Case Laws:
1. Morrison v Ritihie & Co.,(1902).
2. Hulton & Co. v. Jones: 1910 AC 20.
8
3. Cassidy v. Daily Mirror (1929) 2 KB 331.
4. Surendra Nath v. Bageshwari Prasad AIR 1961 Pat 164.
5. Narayanan v. Narayanan: AIR 1966 All 377.
6. R K Karanjia v. K M D Thakersey AIR 1970 Bom 424.
7. T.J.Ponnem v. M.C.Verghese AIR 1970 SC 1876.
8. D.P.Choudary v. Manjulata (AIR 1997 Raj 70).
9. S.N.M Abdi v. Prafulla Kumar Mohanta (AIR 2002 Gouhati 75).
10. Campbell v. MGN Ltd., 2004 INDLAW HL 97.
TOPIC 10: TRESSPASS TO PERSON
a) Assault and Battery
b) False Imprisonment
c) Justification
d) Damages
Case Laws:
1. Dr. Abrath v. North Eastern Railway (1886) 1 QBD 440.
2. Meering v. Grahame white Aviation Co. (1920) 121 ILT 44.
3. Herring v. Boyle 1949 All E R 1126.
4. Bavisetti Venkata Surya Rao v Nandipati Muthayya - AIR 1964 AP 382.
5. Rookes v. Bernard (1964) AC 1129.
6. Rohtas industries v. Rohtas Industries Staff Union (1976) 2 SCC 82.
7. Cinnamond v. Airport Authority (1980) 2 All E R 368.
TOPIC 11: TORT TO REALTY OR IMMOVABLE PROPERTY
a) Trespass to Land
b) Trespass Ab Initio
c) Dispossession
d) Injuries to Reversion
e) Waste
f) Wrongs to Easements and Similar Rights
Cases:
1. Semayne v. Gresham (1604) 5 Coke 91.
2. Six Carpenters (1610) 8 Coke 146a.
3. Cinnamond v. British Airport Authority (1980) 2 All ER 368.
4. The Secretary KSEB v. MV Abraham AIR 2007 Ker 12.
TOPIC 12: TORTS TO PERSONALITY OR MOVABLE PROPERTY
a) Trespass to Goods
9
b) Conversion
c) Detention
Case Laws:
1. Hamps v. Darby (1948) 2 All ER 474.
2. Waverley Borough Council v. Fletcher (1995) 4 All ER 756.
TOPIC 13: TORTS TO INCORPOREAL PERSONAL PROPERTY
a) Unfair Competition
b) Passing Off
Case Laws:
2. Inland Revenue Commissioners v. Mueller & Cos Margarine Ltd. [1901] SVC 25.
3. Reckitt & Colman Ltd. v. Borden Inc. [1990] 1 All E.R. 873.
4. Colgate-Palmolive India Ltd. v. Anchor Health and Beauty Care Pvt. Ltd. 2009 (40) PTC
653 (Mad.).
TOPIC 14: NUISANCE
a) Kinds of Nuisance
b) Essentials of Nuisance
c) Remedies and Burden of Proof
Case Laws:
1. Sturgess v. Bridgeman (1879) 11 Ch. D. 852.
2. Hollywood Silver farm v. Emmet (1936) 2 KB 468.
3. Radhe Shyam v. Gur Prasad, AIR 1978 All. 86.
4. Shanmughavel Chettiar v. Sri Ramkumar Ginning Firm, AIR 1987 Mad. 28.
5. Kuldip Singh v. Subhash Chander Jain AIR 2000 SC 1410.
TOPIC 15: MALICIOUS PROCEEDINGS
a) Malicious Prosecution
b) Malicious Civil Proceedings
c) Malicious Legal Process
d) Abuse of Legal Process
e) Misfeasance in Public Office
Case Laws:
1. Grainger v. Hill (1838) 4 Bing NC 212.
2. Mohammad Amin v. Jogendra Kumar AIR 1947 PC 108.
3. Three Rivers District Council v. Bank of England (1996) 3 All ER 558.
10
4. Watkins v. Secretary of State for the Home Department (2006) 2 All ER 353 (H.L.).
TOPIC 16: MISCELLANEOUS TORTS
a) Interference with Subsisting Contract
b) Intimidation
c) Conspiracy
d) Wilful Blindness
e) Intentional Infliction of Mental Suffering
f) Misuse of Private Information
g) Fraud and Negligent Misstatement
Case Laws:
1. Lumley v. Gye (1853) 22 LJBQ 463.
2. Derry v. Peek (1889) 14 App Case 337.
3. D.C. Thompson & Co. Ltd. v. Deakin (1952) 1 Ch 646.
4. Rookes v. Barnard (1964) AC 1129.
5. Rohtas Industries Ltd. v. Rohtas Industries Staff Union (1976) 2 SCC 82.
6. Smith New Court Securities Ltd. v. Scrimgeour Vicker (Asset Management) Ltd. (1996)
4 All ER 769.
7. Rhodes v. OPO [2015] UKSC 32.
8. Vidal-Hall v. Google [2015] EWHC Civ 311.
PART III
TOPIC 17 : CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Objective and the Legislative History
Scope Nature and Function of Tribunals
Definitions under the Act
Nature of Liability
Key Concepts
i. Consumer
ii. Goods
iii. Services
iv. Defect & Deficiency
v. Restrictive trade practice & Unfair trade practice
f) Consumer Dispute Redressal Machinery
g) Contemporary Issues in Consumer Protection
Case Laws:
A. Consumer
1. Akhil Bhartiya Grahak Panchayat v. State of Gujarat MANU/CF/0262/1993.
2. Lucknow Development Authority v. MK Gupta MANU/SC/0178/1994.
3. The Tamil Nadu Housing Board v. AV Ramakrishnan MANU/CF/0301/1994.
11
4. Kores India Ltd. v. Samir Purkayastha MANU/CF/0109/1996.
5. Jay Kay Puri Engineers v. Mohan Breweries and Distilleries Limited
MANU/CF/0234/1996.
6. Shri Laxmi Cotton Traders Ltd. v. Central Warehousing Corporation
MANU/CF/0041/1996.
7. Hindustan Motors Ltd. v. Narayan Pundalik Tamankar MANU/CF/0195/1996.
8. Cheema Engineering Services v. Rajan Singh MANU/SC/0990/1997.
9. Steel Authority of India v. Malay Kumar Pal MANU/CF/0116/1997.
10. Regional Provident Fund Commissioner v. Shiv Kumar Joshi MANU/SC/0774/1999.
11. Kalpavruksha Charitable Trust v. Toshniwal Brothers (Bombay) Pvt. Ltd.
MANU/SC/0664/1999.
12. Charan Singh v. Healing Touch Hospital MANU/SC/0588/2000.
13. Y Yasodhamma v. Suptdt. of Prohibition and Excise MANU/CF/0131/2002.
14. Major Rajendran Gopalan Menon v. State Bank of India MANU/CF/0220/2005.
15. Nandan Biomatrix Ltd. v. S. Ambica Devi MANU/SC/0291/2020.
B. Complaint and Complainant
1. Kankati Annapurnamma v. AP State Legal Aid and Advice Board MANU/CF/0105/1991.
2. AY Prabhakar v. SMN Consumer Protection Council MANU/CF/0026/1992.
3. Arun Kumar Gupta v. Empoyees Sate Insurance Corporation MANU/CF/0002/1998. S.
Somasundaram v. Sri Chakravarthy International Matriculation Academy
MANU/CF/0037/2001.
4. In Re: Authorized Representative of the Parties v. Tamil Nadu SCDRC
MANU/CF/0008/2003.
5. Rabinarayan Sahoo v. Dr. B. Jayaram Patra MANU/CF/0382/2003.
C. Goods/Defect
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
TTK Prestige Ltd v. Akhil Bhartiya Grahak Panchayat MANU/SC/0671/1999.
Arvind Kumar Shrivastava v. KK Enterprises MANU/CF/0383/2001.
Mahindra and Mahindra v. Mahesh Sukhthankar MANU/CF/0033/2004.
Ganesh Ram v. Prop. Kisan Agro Sales MANU/CF/0029/2004.
Cadbury India Ltd. v. Jagrut Nagrik MANU/CF/0432/2007.
D. Services/Deficiency
1. A.
Srinivasamurthy
v.
Chairman,
Bangalore
Development
MANU/SP/046/1990.
2. Mayi Gowda v. State of Karnataka MANU/CF/0467/2002.
3. The MD, KTDC Ltd. v. Deepti Singh MANU/SC/0418/2019.
4. IREO Grace Realtech v. Abhishek Khanna MANU/SC/0013/2021.
E. Unfair Trade Practice
1. Reckitt Coleman v. Aleksander Prabhu MANU/SC/0932/2002.
2. Kinetic Engineering Ltd. v. Rahul Ray IV (2006) CPJ 100 NC.
3. Star India v. Society of Catalysts MANU/SC/0074/2020.
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Authority
TOPIC 18: CERTAIN SPECIFIC CONSUMER SERVICES
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Airlines
Railways
Medical
Legal
Educational
Electricity
Insurance
Case Laws:
A. Airlines
1. Gulab Hotchand Bhagchandaney v. Egypt Airlines MANU/CF/0290/1994.
2. Shobha Global v. Air India MANU/CF/0029/1995.
3. Station Manager, Indian Airlines v. Dr. Jiteshwar Ahir MANU/CF/0216/1996.
4. M/s Indian Airlines, Delhi v. SN Seth MANU/CF/0084/2002.
5. Gargi Parsai v. KLM Royal Dutch Airlines MANU/CF/0351/2003.
6. Geeta Jethani &Others v.Airport Authority of India MANU/CF/0044/2004.
7. Antonio Jao Fernandes v. Flight in Charge, Jey Airways MANU/SJ/0006/2004.
8. Lufthansa German Airlines v. Rish Bajoria MANU/CF/0036/2007.
9. Indian Airlines v. Femina Zai MANU/CF/0164/2007.
10. Air India Ltd. V. Vinayak Nagesh Shrikhande MANU/CF/0320/2008.
11. Ethiopian Airlines v. Ganesh Narain Saboo MANU/SC/0975/2011.
12. The Branch Manager, Indigo Airlines, Kolkata v. Kalpana Rani Debbarma
MANU/SC/0095/2020
B. Railways
1. General Manager, South Eastern Railway v. Anand Prasad Sinha MANU/CF/0003/1989.
2. B. Vaidyanathan, Secretary, Consumer Protection Council, Rourkela v GM, Southern
Railway MANU/CF/0220/1996.
3. General Manager, Southern Railways v. Mrs. A Shameem MANU/CF/0580/2002.
4. South Eastern Railway v. Yeshwant Tiwari MANU/CF/0030/2003.
5. Divisional Railway Manager v. Abhishankar Adhikari MANU/CF/0087/2005.
6. Union of India v. Ajay Kumar Agarwalla MANU/CF/0334/2015.
7. The East Coast Railways and Ors. v. Kadambari Rama Joga Rao MANU/CF/0249/2017.
C. Medical
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Brig. AS Sibia (Retired) v. Union of India MANU/CF/0078/2002.
Rabinarayan Sahoo v. Dr. B. Jayaram Patra I (2004) CPJ 3 NC.
Pasumarthy Narayana and Anr v. Apollo Hospital Enterprises MANU/CF/0055/2004.
Mam Chand v. GS Mangat of Mangat Hospital MANU/CF/0003/2004.
Gouri Shankar Padhi and Ors. v. State of Orissa and Ors. MANU/CF/0513/2006.
Malay Kumar Ganguly v. Sukumar Mukherjee MANU/SC/1416/2009.
Alfred Benddict v. Manipal Hospital MANU/SC/0779/2014.
Arun Kumar Manglik v. Chirayu Health and Medicare Pvt Ltd MANU/SC/0202/2019.
Shoda Devi v. DDU/Ripon Hospital Shimla MANU/SC/0344/2019.
13
D. Legal
1. DK Gandhi PS National Institute of Communicable Diseases v. M Mathias
MANU/CF/0142/2007.
2. K Vishnu v. National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commissioner, New Delhi
MANU/AP/0583/2000.
3. Diamond Elastomers Pvt. Ltd. v. United India Assurance Ltd. MANU/CF/0130/2004.
4. P. Krishna Rao v. Mandipalli Devaiah MANU/CF/0298/2002.
5. Sou Pratibha Waman Bhava v. Yashwant Laxman Datar MANU/CF/0392/2006.
6. Ram Raksha Pal Gupta v. Ranjana MANU/CF/0158/2001.
E. Educational
1. Oza Nirav Kanubhai v. Centre Head Apple Industries Ltd. (1992) 1 CPR 736.
2. N. Taneja v. Calcutta District Forum AIR 1992 Cal 95.
3. Central Academy Educational Society v. Gorav Kumar (1996) 3 CPJ 230.
4. Jai Kumar Mittal v. Brilliant Tutorials (2005) 4 CPJ 156 (NC).
5. Maharshi Dayanand University v. Ruchika Jain (2006) 3CPR 18 (NC).
6. Bihar School Examination Board v. Suresh Prasad Sinha (2009) 8 SCC 483.
7. Buddhist Mission Dental College and Hospital v. Bhupesh Khurana (2009) 4 SCC 473.
8. Maharshi Dayanand University v. Surjeet Kaur (2010) 11 SCC 159.
9. Mukesh Gupta v. Kiran Thakur 2010 SCC Online NCDRC 207.
10. PT Koshy v. Ellen Charitable Trust (2012) 3 CPC 615 (SC).
11. K Rajendran v. CSI Ewart Matriculation Higher Secondary School 2012 SCC Online
NCDRC 468.
12. Birla Institute of Technology & Science v. Abhishek Mengi (2013) 2 CPJ 681 (NC).
13. FIITJEE Ltd. v. S. Balavignesh (2015) 3 CPJ 112 (NC).
14. Fakhre Alam v. Amity Business School 2015 SCC Online NCDRC 1839.
15. Amrita Raisagar v. Rai Foundation College and Ors. MANU/SG/0008/2017.
F. Electricity
1.
2.
3.
4.
PSEB Mohali v. Guriqbal Singh Batra MANU/CF/0268/2002.
Haryana State Electricity Board v. Anand Medicos MANU/CF/0174/2003.
Accounts Officer, Jharkhand State Electricity Board v. Anwar Ali MANU/SC/3972/2007.
UP Power Corporation Ltd. v. Anis Ahmad MANU/SC/0606/2013.
G. Insurance
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Archana Strips Pvt. Ltd. v. Oriental Insurance Co. Ltd. MANU/CF/0216/2002.
HDFC Chubb General Insurance Co Ltd v. Ila Gupta MANU/CF/0436/2006.
LIC of India v. Surekha Rudranath Autade MANU/CF/0015/2008.
United India Insurance Co. Ltd. v. Orient Treasures MANU/SC/0036/2016.
The Branch Manager National Insurance Co Ltd v. Mousumi Bhattacharjee
MANU/SC/0408/2019.
6. Oriental Insurance Co Ltd v. Mahendra Construction MANU/SC/0530/2019.
PART IV
14
TOPIC 19: THE MOTOR VEHICLES ACT
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Driving License
Registration Certificate
Compulsory Insurance
With and without Fault liability
Compensation payable under the Act
Insurer’s liability/3rd party risks
Calculation of Damages
Penalties
Case Laws:
1. Ramesh Chandra v. Randhir Singh 1990 SCR (3) 1.
2. Shivaji Dayanu Patil v. Vatschala Uttam More MANU/SC/0402/1991.
3. RD Hattangadi v. Pest Control (India) Pvt Ltd MANU/SC/0146/1995.
4. Charu Barman v. Satya Narain Jiwanram MANU/GH/0088/1998.
5. Helen Ekka v. Anil Sharma MANU/MP/0558/2000.
6. Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Co. V. P. Venkat Rao MANU/AP/1570/2001.
7. Kaushnuma Begum v. The New India Assurance Co Ltd. MANU/SC/0002/2001.
8. Pallavan Transport Corporation v. M. Jagannathan (2002) 9 SCC 728.
9. National Insurance Co.Ltd. v. Pranay Sethi MANU/SC/1366/2017.
10. Shamanna and Ors. v. The Divisional Manager, The Oriental Insurance Co. Ltd.
MANU/SC/0828/2018.
11. Vimla Devi and Ors. v. National Insurance Company Ltd. MANU/SC/1290/2018.
12. Sudarshan Puhan v. Jayanta Ku. Mohanty MANU/SC/1029/2018.
13. New India Assurance Company Ltd. v. Bapi Debbarma MANU/SC/0125/2018.
14. Prakash Chand Daga v. Saveta Sharma MANU/SC/1487/2018.
15. Ramla v. National Insurance Company Limited MANU/SC/1362/2018.
16. Kalim Khan v. Fimidabee MANU/SC/0677/2018.
17. Magma General Insurance v. Nanu Ram MANU/SC/1012/2018.
18. Naveen Kumar v. Vijay Kumar MANU/SC/0077/2018.
19. National Insurance Co. Ltd. v. Ashalata Bhowmik and Ors. MANU/SC/0925/2018.
20. New India Assurance Company Ltd. v. Somwati & Ors. MANU/SC/0674/2020.
F. TEXT BOOKS/REFERENCE BOOKS
1. TEXT BOOKS
a. Winfield & Jolowicz on Torts, Edwin Peel & James Goudkamp (eds.) (Sweet & Maxwell
Publication, 20th edn., 2020).
b. Ratanlal and Dhirajlal, The Law of Torts, Revised by Justice G.P Singh (LexisNexis, 28th
edn., 2019).
c. Justice DP Wadhwa & NL Rajah, The Law of Consumer Protection, (LexisNexis, 3rd
Edn., 2017).
d. Kannan and Vijay Raghavan, Motor Vehicles Laws, (LexisNexis, 16th Edn., 2019).
2. REFERENCE BOOKS
15
a) Clerk and Lindsel, Clerk and Lindsell on Torts, Professor Michael Jones(ed.), (Sweet &
Maxwell, 23rd edn., 2020).
b) Margaret Brazier and John Murphy, Street on Torts (Butterworths Publication, 15th edn.
2018).
Lecture Plan:
LECTURE NO
TOPICS
MODE OF DELIVERY
1-4
Introduction
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
5-7
Capacity to Sue or be Sued
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
9-10
Justification of Torts
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
11-13
Death in Relation to Torts
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
14-16
Discharge of Torts
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
17-18
Vicarious Liability
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
19-23
Remedies
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
24-28
Negligence
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
29-32
Defamation
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
33-35
Trespass to Person
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
36-38
39-41
42-44
45-47
Tort to Realty or Immovable
Lecture, Self Study and
Property
Discussion
Torts to Personality or
Lecture, Self Study and
Movable Property
Discussion
Torts to Incorporeal Personal
Lecture, Self Study and
Property
Discussion
Nuisance
Lecture, Self Study and
16
Discussion
48-49
Malicious Proceedings
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
50-51
Miscellaneous Torts
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
52-65
Consumer Protection Law
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
66-77
Motor Vehices Act
Lecture, Self Study and
Discussion
Total Hours: 80 Hours
Total Lectures: 77 Hours
Continuous Assessment: 3 Hours
17
Course Curriculum
CONTRACTS II | 6 Credits |
Session: February-June 2021 | Faculty: Mr. Arunabha Banerjee|
Class: BA/BBA LLB II SEMESTER
A.
INTRODUCTION
Pursuant to the student's familiarity with the general principles of the law of contract, it will
be trite to delve into more special forms of contracts prevalent in the commercial parlance
like indemnity, guarantee, bailment, agency, pledge etc. Understanding the conceptual aspects
of these special types of contracts is critical to the development of every aspiring corporate
lawyer as contract forms the foundation of every business transaction in the rapidly evolving
global legal framework. This course on special contracts would encompass Chapters 8 to 10
of the Indian Contract Act, 1872, and related concepts from the English law. The discussion
would then proceed to the law of partnerships in general and limited liability partnerships
covering the relevant provisions of the Indian Partnership Act, 1932, and Limited Liability
Partnerships Act, 2008, with special focus on recent global trends. The concluding lectures
would deal with the key legal aspects of joint venture agreements through a comparative
analysis of the international position.
B.
COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, students will be able to
[CO.1] Develop a sound conceptual understanding of the statutory provisions governing
special contracts, partnerships and LLP's in India.
[CO.2] Inculcate a comparative understanding of the Indian law on special contracts,
partnerships and LLP's in view of the UK law and other relevant international laws.
[CO.3] Trace the march of law regarding the evolution of special contract, partnerships and
LLP concepts through study of relevant case laws.
[CO.4] Develop their own view point and argue special contract, partnerships and LLP cases
on a sound legal footing.
[CO.5] Become abreast with the current global legal trends on special contracts, partnerships
and LLP's.
C.
PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1]. Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem solving in
domestic and international law contexts;
[PO.2]. Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical reading,
writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral communications;
[PO.3]. Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research and
collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4]. An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and
professional values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of
clients, performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner
toward clients and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5]. Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose of
ongoing improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for lifelong learning and continuing improvement;
18
[PO.6]. Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and environmental
contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
[PO.7].Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8]. Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal profession,
judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations, entrepreneurships,
and corporate entities
[PO.9]. Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time
management, discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and
achieving balance in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D.
ASSESSMENT PLAN
Criteria
Continuous
Assessment
End Term Exam
Description
Weightage
3 Tests (best 2 will be
considered)
30%
Mid Term
20%
Closed Book
50%
CURRICULUM
E.
PART I
Topic 1: Indemnity
•
•
•
•
Nature of the contract of Indemnity
Starting Point of the liability
Indemnity and Guarantee
Indemnity and Insurance

Case Laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Gajanan Moreshawar v. Moreshwar, AIR 1942 Bom. 302
Charter Re-insurance co. v. Fagan R., (1996) 1 All ER 406,CA
Sheffield Corporation v Barclay, [1905] AC 392
Liverpool Mortgage Insurance Co's case [1914] 2 Ch. 617
Topic 2: Guarantee
•
•
•
•
•
•
Nature of a contract of Guarantee
Consideration for Guarantee
Continuing Guarantee
Revocation of Continuing Guarantee
Bank Guarantees and Letters of Credit
Rights and Liability of Surety
Case Laws:
19
1. Radha Kanta Pal v. United Bank of India, AIR 1955 Cal 217
2. Cargill Intl SA v. Bangladesh Sugar and Food Inds Corp, [1996] 4 All ER 563
3. RD Harbottle (Mercantile) Ltd. v. National Westminster Bank Ltd. [1977] 2 All ER
862
4. Edward Owen Engineering Ltd. v. Barclays Bank International Ltd. [1978] 1 All ER
976
5. M Ghulam Husain Khan v. M Faiyaz Ali Khan, AIR 1940 Oudh 346
6. Ram Narain v. Hari Singh, AIR 1964 Raj 76
7. Parvateneni Bhushayya v. Pothuri Suryanarayana, AIR 1944 Mad 195
8. Bardwell v. Lydall, (1831) 7 Bing 489
9. Bank of Bihar v. Damodar Prasad, AIR 1969 SC 297
10. Union Bank of India v. Manku Narayana, AIR 1987 SC 1078
11. State Bank of India v. Indexport Registered, AIR 1992 SC 1740
12. Aypunni Mani v. Devassy K., AIR 1966 Ker. 203
13. Maharashtra State Electricity Board v. Official Liquidator, Ernakulam, AIR 1982 SC
1497
14. M.S. Anirudhan v. Thomco's Bank Ltd., AIR 1963 SC 246
15. AmritlalGoverdhanLal v. State Bank of Travancore, AIR 1968 SC 1432
16. State Bank of Saurasthra v. Chitranjan Rangnath, AIR 1980 1528
17. Ansal Engineering Products Ltd v Tehri Hydro Development Corporation, (1996) 5
SCC 450.
Topic 3: Bailment and Pledge
•
•
•
•
•
•
Nature of Bailment
Types of Bailment
Bailee’s Particular Lien
General Lien
Pledge
Hypothecation
Case Laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Appa Rao v. Salem Motors, AIR 1955 Mad. 505.
State of Gujrat v. MemonMahomed Haji Hasann, AIR 1967 SC 1885.
State of Maharastra v. Britanica Biscuits Co. Ltd. 1995 Supp. (2) SCC 72.
Blount v. War Office, (1953) 1 All. ER 1071.
Morvi Mercantile Bank v. Union of India; AIR 1965 SC 1954.
Bank of India v State of Bihar, AIR 1971 SC 1210.
United Breweries v State of Andhra Pradesh, (1997) 3 SCC 530.
Kalyani Breweries v State of West Bengal AIR 1998 SC 70.
Topic 4: Agency
•
•
•
•
•
•
Nature of Agency
Estoppel and Holding Out
Ratification
Different Kinds of Agents
Delegation of Authority
Termination of Agency
20
•
Undisclosed Principal
Case Laws:
1. Kuchwar Lime and Stone Co. v. Dehri Rohtas Light Rlys & Co. Ltd.,
AIR 1969 SC 193.
2. Lakshminarayan Ram Gopal v. Govt. of Hyderabad, AIR 1954 SC 364.
3. Chami Narayanan v. VR Krishna Iyer, AIR 1998 Ker 365.
4. Krishna v. Ganpathi, AIR 1955 Mad. 648.
5. Bhagwandas Narotamdas v. Kanji Deoji (1906) ILR 30 Bom 205.
6. Bhagwandas Parasram v. Burjorji Ruttonji Bomanji, AIR 1917 PC 101.
7. Fakirchand Lalchand v. Doolub Govindji (1905) 7 Bom LR 213
8. Harshad Shah v LIC of India, AIR 1997 SC 2459.
9. Anil & Co. v. Air India, AIR 1986 Del 312
10. S Summan Singh v. National City Bank of New York, AIR 1952 Pun 172
11. Montagu v. Forwood, [1893] 2 QB 350
12. Nensukhdas v. Birdichand, AIR 1917 Bom 19
13. Union of India v. Amar Singh, AIR 1960 SC 233
14. Saligram Marwari v. Ayodhya Prasad Musaddilal, AIR 1961 Pat 61
15. Ghasia v. Thakur Ramsingh, AIR 1927 Nag 180
16. Keighley, Maxsted & Co v. Durant [1900-03] All ER Rep 40 (HL)
17. Marsh v. Joseph, [1895-99] All ER Rep 977
18. Surendra Nath Roy v. Kedar Nath Bose, AIR 1936 Cal 87
PART II
Topic 5: Partnership
• Essentials of Partnership
• Partnership by Holding Out
• Liability of a Partner for carrying on competing business.
• Implied Authority of a Partner as an agent.
• Liability of the firm for misappropriation and wrongful acts of a partner.
• Minors admitted to the benefits of partnership.
• Retirement
• Modes of Dissolution
• Consequences of Dissolution.
• Mode of Registration.
• Effect of Non – registration.
Cases:
1. Chennuru Gavaraju Chetty v. Chennuru Sitaramurthy Chetty, AIR 1959 SC 190.
2. Controller of Estate Duty v. MrudulaNareshchandra, AIR 1986 SC 1821.
3. ARM Group Enterprises Ltd. v. Waldorf Restaurant, (2003) 6 SCC 423.
4. CIT, Bombay v. DwarkadasKhetan& Co. AIR 1961 SC 680.
5. Shivgouda Ravji Patil v. Chandrakant Neelkant Sodalge, AIR 1965 SC 212.
6. Dharam Vir v. Jagan Nath, AIR 1968 Punj. 84.
7. Syndicate Bank v. R.S.R.Eng. Work, (2003) 6 SCC 265.
8. Pamuru Vishnu Vinodh Reddy v. Chillakurn Chndrasekhara Reddy, (2003) 3 SCC
445.
9. Bramaramba v. T. Madhawarao & Co., AIR 2010 (NOC) 244 (Mad).
10. Green Earth Asphalt and Power Pvt. Ltd. v. State of Maharashtra, (2008) 8 SCC 278.
21
11. Pabitra Construction & Co. v. UCO Bank, AIR 2008 CAL 103.
12. Tanna & Modi v. C.I.T. Mumbai XXV, (2007) 7 SCC 434
PART III
Topic 6: Limited Liability Partnerships
• Limited Liability Partnerships Abroad and in India.
• Salient Features of the Limited Liability Partnership Act,2008.
• Advantages and Disadvantages of LLPs.
• Nature of Limited Liability Partnership.
• Incorporation.
• Extent and Limit of Liability of LLPs and Partners.
Case Laws:
1. Shantabai v. State of Bombay and Ors., AIR 1958 SC 532.
2. State of Orissa v. Titaghur Paper Mills Company Limited, AIR 1958 SC 1293
3. Bamdev Panigrahi v. Monorama Raj, AIR 1974 AP 226.
4. Duncans Industries Ltd v. State of UP, (2000) 1 SCC 633.
PART IV
Topic 7: Joint Venture Agreements
•
•
•
•
•
Types of Joint Ventures.
Disclosure Problems in case of Conflict of Interest.
Antitrust and Joint Venture.
Foreign Collaborations and Foreign Direct Investment.
Contents of Joint Venture Agreements and their Enforceability.
Case Laws:
1. New Horizons Ltd v.Union of India, MANU/SC/0564/1995.
2. Faqir Chand Gulati v.UppalAgencies, MANU/SC/3133/2008.
3. Seager v.Copydex Ltd., [1967] 1 WLR 923.
F.
1.
•

2.

TEXT BOOKS/ REFERENCE BOOKS
TEXT BOOKS
• Dr. RG Padia and Nilima Bhadbhade (eds.), Pollock and Mulla: Indian Contract and
Specific Relief Acts, Volume II (13th ed., 2006).
GC Bharuka (ed.), Pollock and Mulla: The Indian Patnership Act (7th ed., 2011).
REFERENCE
• J. Beatson, QC (ed.), Anson's Law of Contract (27th ed., 1998)
• H.G. Beale (ed.), Chitty on Contracts (4th ed., 2001).
• Cheshire, Fifoot and Furmston, Law of Contract (17th ed., 2017)
22
Lecture Plan:
LECTURE
NO
TOPICS
Mode
Delivery
1-10
Indemnity
Lecture, self
study and
discussion
11-20
Guarantee
Lecture, self
study and
discussion
21-30
Bailment and Pledge
of
Lecture, selfstudy
and Discussion
31-40
Agency
Lecture, selfstudy and
Discussion
41-55
Partnership
Lecture, selfstudy and
Discussion
56-60
LLP
Lecture, selfstudy and Discussion
61-65
Joint Venture Agreements
Total Hours: 68
Lecture Hours: 65

• Part I: 40 Hrs
• Part II-IV: 25 Hrs
Continuous Assessment: 3 Hrs
23
Lecture, self study,
and Discussion
Course Curriculum
Subject: Constitutional Governance - II| 6 credits|
Session: February - June, 2021 | Faculty: Sayantani Bagchi |
Class: BA LLB II Semester
A. INTRODUCTION:
This course focuses on Constitutional Law concerning the structure of governmental institutions
and their powers. In continuation of the earlier study about Constitutional Law in general, this
approach is designed to expose students to diverse kinds of judicial cases in order to understand
the legal analyses employed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India within different political
contexts, to understand the extent of exercise of power by the three wings of the Government, i.e.
the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary, and the enduring tussle between them, especially
in the current political setup in India. The course further shall highlight the manner in which Indian
Federalism works through the division of powers between the Centre and the States in India and
shall also discuss the power and procedure of amendment of the Indian Constitution.
B. COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of the course students will be able to
[CO. 1 ] have an idea about the different systems of governance in the world and the peculiarities
of the Indian governance setup with respect to them;
[CO. 2 ] understand Indian Federalism and division of powers between the Centre and the States;
[CO. 3 ] understand judicial appointments and role of the Judiciary in the Indian polity;
[CO. 4] understand the dynamic nature of the Indian Constitution and the debate on its
amendability;
[CO. 5 ] demonstrate a practical understanding of Constitutional Governance by recognising
commonly encountered issues and by applying relevant standards and rules when presented in
hypothetical and unfamiliar fact patterns;
C. PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1].Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem solving in domestic
and international law contexts;
[PO.2].Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical reading,
writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral communications;
[PO.3].Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research and
collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4].An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and professional
values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of clients,
performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner toward clients
and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5].Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose of ongoing
improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for life- long learning
and continuing improvement;
[PO.6].Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and environmental
contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
24
[PO.7].Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8].Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal profession,
judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations, entrepreneurships, and
corporate entities
[PO.9].Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time management,
discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and achieving balance
in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D. ASSESMENT PLAN
Criteria
Continuous
Description
Assessment
Weightage of Marks
3 Test (best 2 will be 30%
considered)
Mid Term
End Term Exam
20%
Closed Book
50%
E. Curriculum
Topic 1: Federal Scheme of the Constitution of India: Legislative Relations, Administrative
Relations and Fiscal Relations


Legislative Powers and its Distribution between the Union and the States: Articles 245254, Schedule VII: the Union List(I), the State List (II) and the Concurrent List (III);
The extent of Legislative Powers:
 The Doctrine of Territorial Nexus
 Colourable Legislation
 Delegatus non potest deligare
 Interpretation of subjects of Legislation
 Plenary Power & Retroactive Legislative Power
 Ancillary and Incidental Power
 The Doctrine of Pith and Substance
 The Doctrine of Harmonious Construction
 The Doctrine of Repugnancy
 The Doctrine of Occupied Field
 Residuary Powers

Administrative Powers and its Distribution between the Centre and the StatesAdministrative or functional relations between the Union and the States to ensure maximum
efficiency and effectiveness in the working of the two levels of the Governments under the
system created by the Indian Constitution;

Distribution of Financial Powers and areas of friction between the Centre and the StatesArticles 264-268, 276, 280, 281.
25
Reading materials:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
H. M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India,Vol. III, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,
2006, Chapter XXII
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2012, Chapter X
Granvile Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press,
2004, Chapter 6
O. P. Tiwari, Federalism and Centre-State Relations: Towards a new era of Mutual
Cooperation, Deep and Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1996, Chapter 8
K. L. Bhatia, Federalism- Frictions in Centre-State Relations, 2001
D. D. Basu, Indian Constitutional Law, 2012
V. N. Shukla (Ed. M. P. Singh), Constitution of India, 2012
Sarkaria Commission Report: Centre-State Relations
Case laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Hoechst Pharmaceuticals Ltd. v. State of Bihar, AIR 1983 SC 1019
In re Delhi Laws Act, 1950
NTPCL v. State of Andhra Pradesh (2002)
Tata Iron and Steel Co. Ltd. v. State of Bihar, AIR 1958 SC 452
Union of India v. H. S. Dhillon, AIR 1972 SC 1061
State of Haryana v. State of Punjab, (2002) 2 SCC 507
State of WestBengal v. Kesoram Industries, (2004) 10 SCC 201
Jaiswal v. Debi, AIR 1992 SC 749
State of Tamil Nadu v. State of Karnataka, (1991) Supp 1 SCC 240
Anraj v. State of Maharashtra, AIR 1984 SC 781
Associated Cement v. C.S.T., (1991) 1 SCC 251
Synthetics & Chemicals Ltd. v. State of U.P., AIR 1990 SC 1927
Govt. of NCT of Delhi v. Union of India, Civil Appeal No. 2357 of 2017 (14.02.2019 - SC)
Topic 2: Executive Power



Executive Powers of the Union and the States: Articles 52, 53, 61, 70, 73, 74 and 75 and
Articles 153, 154, 155, 156, 160, 162, 163 and164
Legislative Powers of the Executive: Articles 123 and 213
Judicial Powers of the Executive: Articles 72 and 161
Reading materials:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
H. M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, Vol. III, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,
2006, Chapter XVII
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2006, Chapter XII
Granvile Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press,
2004, Chapters 4 & 5
O. P. Tiwari, Federalism and Centre-State Relations: Towards a new era of Mutual
Cooperation, Deep and Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1996, Chapter 9
D. D. Basu, Indian Constitutional Law, 2012
V. N. Shukla, (Ed. M. P. Singh), Constitution of India, 2012
26
Case Laws
1.
B. P. Singhal v. Union of India and Anr, Writ Petition (Civil) No. 296 Of 2004, SC Decision
of May 07, 2010.
2. D. C. Wadhwa v. State of Bihar, AIR 1987 SC 579
3. K. M. Sharma v. Devi Lal, AIR 1990 SC 528
4. Kehar Singh v. Union of India, AIR 1989 SC 653
5. Maru v. Union of India, AIR 1980 SC 2147
6. Ram Jawaya Kapoor v. State of Punjab, AIR 1955 SC 549
7. S. R. Bommai v. Union of India, (1994) 3 SCC 1
8. Shamsher Singh v. State of Punjab, AIR 1974 SC 2192
9. Sri LekhaVidharathi v. State of U.P., (1991) 1 SCC 212
10. State of Punjab v. Joginder, AIR 1990 SC 1396
11. Manoj Narula v. Union of India, WRIT PETITION (CIVIL) NO. 289 OF 2005, Judgment of
SC, dated August 27, 2014
Topic 3: Judicial Powers (Articles 32, 124-143, 214-227, 323A &323B)




Union and State Judiciary: Collegium v. National Judicial Commission
Jurisdiction and Powers of the Supreme Court and the High Courts
Can Judicial Powers be delegated
Tribunals and their Constitutionality- Article 323A
Reading Materials
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, Vol. III, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,
2006, Chapter XXVI and appx to Part I
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2006, Chapter IV, VIII and XXXIII
Granvile Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press,
2004, Chapter 7
O. P. Tiwari, Federalism and Centre-State Relations: Towards a new era of Mutual
Cooperation, Deep and Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1996, Chapter 12
Subhash Chandra Gupta, Supreme Court of India: An Instrument of Socio-legal
Advancement, Deep and Deep Publications, NewDelhi, 1995
K. L. Bhatia (Ed.) Juris Vicissitude: Law and Change towards 21st Century India, Deep and
Deep Publications, 1995, Part-III, Chapters 5 & 6
D. D. Basu, Indian Constitutional Law, 2012
V. N. Shukla (Ed. M. P. Singh), Constitution of India, 2012
Zia Mody, Courting Liberty: Independence of the Judiciary as envisaged by the Constitution
of India in 10 Judgements That Changed India, 163-185 (Zia Mody, Shobhaa De Books,
Penguin Group, New Delhi, 2013)
Case Laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
In re Presidential Reference, AIR 1999 SC 1
Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association and Anr v. Union of India, AIR 1994 SC
268
Munisami v. Rangnathan, (1991) 2 SCC 139
S. P. Gupta v. Union of India, AIR 1982 SC 149
Sushila Bai v. Nihal Chand, (1993) Supp 1 SCC 11
27
6.
7.
8.
9.
Tilokchand Motichand v. H. B. Munshi, AIR 1970 SC 898
Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association v. Union of India, W. P. (C)13 of 2015
L. Chandra Kumar v. Union of India, (1997) 3 SCC 261: AIR 1997 SC 1125
Madras Bar Association v. Union of India, WRIT PETITION (C) NO. 1072 OF 2013 (Sequel
to 2010 decision of the Supreme Court in (2010) 11 SCC 1, The National Company Law
Tribunal case)
10. Madras Bar Association v. Union of India, TRANSFERRED CASE (C) NO. 150 OF 2006
(National Tax Tribunal Case) Topic 4: Powers
Topic 4: Powers, privileges and immunities of the legislature and its members (Articles 105
and 194)


Privileges and Fundamental Rights
Privileges and Anti-Defection Law
Reading Materials:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2012
Granvile Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press,
2004
O. P. Tiwari, Federalism and Centre-State Relations: Towards a new era of Mutual
Cooperation, Deep and Deep Publications, NewDelhi, 1996
D. D. Basu, Indian Constitutional Law, 2012
V. N. Shukla (Ed. M. P. Singh), Constitution of India, 2012
H. M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India
Case Laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Jaya Bachchan v. Union of India, AIR 2006 SC 2119
P. V. Narasimha Rao v. State (CBI/SPE), (1998) 4 SCC 626
Guru Gobind Basu v. Sankari Prasad Ghosal & others, AIR 1964 SC 254
State of Karnataka v. Union of India, (1977) 4 SCC 608
Kuldip Nayar v. Union of India, (2006) 7 SCC 1
In re Powers, Privileges and Immunities of State Legislatures, (Keshav Singh’s case), AIR
1965 SC 745
M. S. M. Sharma v. Sri Krishna Sinha, AIR 1959 SC 395
Raja Ram Pal v. Hon’ble Speaker Lok Sabha, 2007 (3) SCC 184
Topic 5: Civil Services: Constitutional Safeguards (Articles 309-311)

Doctrine of Pleasure: Public Policy, Public Interest and Public Good
Reading Materials:
1.
2.
3.
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2012
D. D. Basu, Indian Constitutional Law, 2012
V. N. Shukla (Ed. M. P. Singh), Constitution of India, 2012
CASES:
28
1.
2.
3.
4.
Union of India v. Tulsi Ram Patel, (1985) 3 SCC 398
State of Karnataka v. Umadevi, (2006) 4 SCC 1
Mullai Hlychho v. State of Mizoram, (2005) 2 SCC 92
Rattan Lal v. State of Haryana, (1985) 4 SCC 43
Topic 6: Emergency Provisions




National Emergency: Articles 352, 353, 354, 355, 358 & 359
Failure of Constitutional Machinery: Articles 356 &357
Civil Liberties and Emergency: Articles 358 & 359
Financial Emergency: Article 360
Reading Materials:
1.
2.
3.
H. M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, Vol. III, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,
2006, Chapter XIX
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2006, Chapter XIII & XXIII
O. P. Tiwari, Federalism and Centre-State Relations: Towards a new era of Mutual
Cooperation, Deep and Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1996, Chapter 5
Case Laws:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
A. D. M., Jabalpur v. Shivakant Shukla, AIR 1976 SC 1207
Baburao v. Union of India, AIR 1988 SC 440
Makhan Singh v. State of Punjab, AIR 1964 SC 381
Minerva Mills v.Union of India, AIR 1980 SC 1789
Naga People’s Movement of Human Rights v. Union of India, AIR 1998 SC 431
State of Rajasthan v. Union of India, AIR 1977 SC 1361
S. R. Bommai v. Union of India, (1994) 3 SCC 1
Nabam Rebia v. Deputy Speaker & Ors., C. A. No. 6203-6204 of 2016
Topic 7: Amendment of the Constitution


“Power” v. “Procedure” of Amendment of the Indian Constitution-Article 368
The “Basic Structure” Doctrine
Reading Materials:
1.
2.
3.
H.M. Seervai, Constitutional Law of India, Vol. III, Universal Law Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.,
2006, Chapter XXX
M. P. Jain, Indian Constitutional Law, Wadhwa Nagpur, 2006, Chapters IV, VIII & XLI
Granvile Austin, The Indian Constitution: Corner Stone of a Nation, Oxford University Press,
2004, Chapter 11
Case Laws:
1.
Shankari Prasad v. Union of India, AIR 1951 SC 458
29
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Sajjan Singh v. State of Rajasthan, AIR 1965 SC 845
I. C. Golaknath v. State of Punjab, AIR 1967 SC 1643
Keshvananda Bharthi v. State of Kerela, AIR 1973 SC 1461
Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Raj Narain, AIR 1975 SC 2299
Minerva Mills v. Union of India, AIR 1980 SC 1789
Waman Rao And Ors. v. Union Of India And Ors., SC Decision of November 13, 1980
Kihota Hollohon v. Zachilhu, AIR 1993 SC 412
I. R. Coelho v. State of Tamil Nadu, AIR 2007 SC 861
Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association v. Union of India, W. P. (C) 13 of 2015
N.B: The lists of readings and cases are not exhaustive. Additional cases and readings will be
provided in the course of the semester.
F. Lecture Plan:
LECTURE
NO
TOPICS
Mode
of
Delivery
1-4
Introductory, Federal Scheme of the
Constitution of India
5-11
The extent
(Doctrines)
of
Legislative
Lecture
&
Interaction
Powers Lecture,
CRE
&
Discussion
12-16
Administrative Powers and its
Distribution between the Centre and the
States
Lecture, selfstudy,
&
Discussion
17-19
Distribution of Financial Powers
Lecture, selfstudy,
&
Discussion
20-27
Executive Powers of the Union and the
States
Lecture, selfstudy, CRE
& Discussion
28-35
Union and State Judiciary
Lecture,
CRE &
Discussion
36-39
Powers, privileges and immunities of the Lecture, selflegislature and its members
study, CRE
& Discussion
40-44
Doctrine of Pleasure: Public Policy,
Public Interest and Public Good
30
Lecture, selfstudy, CRE
& Discussion
45-49
Emergency
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Discussion
50-55
Amendment
Lecture, selfstudy &
Discussion
56-60
Revision
Lecture, selfstudy, &
Discussion
Total Hours: 80
Lecture Hours: 77
Continuous Assessment: 3
31
Course Curriculum
LEGAL LANGUAGE & ART OF ADVOCACY
Session: Feb-May 2021 | Faculty: Dr. Rashmi Mathur|
Class: B.A. LL.B. II SEMESTER
A. INTRODUCTION:
This paper traces the history of legal language, legal terms, expressions and maxims employed in
writing. Legal Affectation is discussed at length so that those starting out on a legal career should
be given guidance and good practice from the outset to eliminate bad habits involving
circumlocution in legal writing. The paper also introduces the students to the concept of narrative
jurisprudence. Various literary texts with a substantial legal background are studied to help the
learners build up a jurisprudential perspective that invites them to re-examine the stories and
narratives within which law is practised. Legal Drafting is taught at a preliminary level to help
students learn the nuances of legal writing.
Writing and interpreting legal documents, contracts and letters require the utmost clarity and
acumen with a sound knowledge of the relevant laws and legislations. Hence, a brief statutory
overview is accompanied by the actual requirements of legal drafting.
B. COURSE OUTCOMES:
At the end of the course, students will be able to
[CO.1]. Understand the History of Legal Language along with its chief characteristics
[CO.2]. Identify and use legal terminology effectively
[CO.3]. Understand the concept of Narrative Jurisprudence along with some masterpieces of
Literature with a legal background and relevance
[CO.4].Understand the basic tenets of Legal Drafting
[CO.5].Draft basic legal agreements
[CO.6]. Undertake law reporting, present case critiques and analyze judgments
C. PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1].
Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem solving in domestic
and international law contexts;
[PO.2].
Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical
reading, writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral
communications;
[PO.3].
Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research and
collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4].
An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and
professional values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of clients,
32
performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner toward clients
and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5].
Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose of
ongoing improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for life-long
learning and continuing improvement;
[PO.6].
Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and
environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
[PO.7].
Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8].
Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal profession,
judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations, entrepreneurships, and
corporate entities
[PO.9].
Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time
management, discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and
achieving balance in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D.ASSESSMENT PLAN
Criteria
Description
Continuous Assessment
End Term Exam
Weightage of Marks (%)
3 Tests (best 2 will be 30
considered)
Mid Term
20
Closed Book
50
E. CURRICULUM
TOPIC I- Introduction to Legal Language
•
•
•
•
Characteristics
History
Legal Terms
Legal Maxims
TOPIC II- Narrative Jurisprudence (Fiction and Drama)
•
•
•
Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mocking Bird
George Orwell’s Animal Farm
John Galsworthy’s Justice
TOPIC III- Legal Writing
•
•
Pleadings - Plaint and Written statement
Affidavits
33
•
Drafting of Legal Notices
TOPIC IV- Legal Writing (Writing of agreements of various types)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Power of Attorney
Adoption Deed
Gift deed
Partition
Partnership
Will
TOPIC V- Improvement in writing and Communication Skills
•
•
•
•
Legal Essay Writing
Law Reporting, Presenting Case critiques and Analyzing judgments
Legal story and Play Writing from Court room reports
Enactment of Street plays
F. TEXT BOOKS/ REFERENCE BOOKS
1. TEXT BOOKS







Peter Tiersma, Legal Language, University of Chicago Press, 2000
Granville Williams, Learning the Law, Universal Law, New Delhi, 2000
Michele. M. Asprey, Plain Language for Lawyers, Universal Law, New Delhi, 2002.
Peter M. Tiersma & Lawrence M. Solan, The Oxford Handbook of Language & Law, OUP,
2012
George Orwell, Animal Farm, OUP, New Delhi, 1994.
Harper Lee, To Kill a Mocking Bird, Penguin, London, 2001
John Galsworthy, Justice, Harper Collins, New York, 1998
2. REFERENCE BOOKS







James Boyd White, The Legal Imagination, University of Chicago Press, 1985
R.P.Bhatnagar, Law and Language, Macmillan, 2009
S.P.Agarwal, Pleadings, LexisNexis, New Delhi, 2003.
Mogha, The Indian Conveyancer, Eastern Law House, Calcutta, 2004 .
MurliManohar, Art of Conveyancing and Pleading, Eastern Book Company, Lucknow,
2004
Trayner’s Latin Maxims, Universal Law, New Delhi, 2010.
Donald N. Zilliman, Strategic Legal Writing, Cambridge University Press, 2008
G. LECTURE PLAN:
34
LECTURE
NO.
TOPIC
Mode
of
Delivery
1-2
Introduction to Legal Language
Lecture
&
Interaction
3-4
History and Characteristics of Legal
Language
Lecture
&
Discussion
5-8
Legal Terms
Lecture, &
Discussion
9-14
Legal Maxims
Lecture,
Discussion&
Usage
15-18
John Galsworthy’s Justice
Lecture, selfstudy,
&
Discussion
19-25
George Orwell’s Animal Farm
Lecture, selfstudy&
Discussion
26-36
Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mocking Bird
Lecture, selfstudy&
Discussion
37-40
Pleadings - Plaint and Written statement Lecture, selfstudy
&Practice
41-42
Affidavits
Lecture, selfstudy&
Practice
43-44
Drafting of Legal Notices
Lecture, selfstudy
&Practice
45-47
Power of Attorney
Lecture, selfstudy&
Practice
48-49
Adoption Deed
Lecture, selfstudy&
Practice
35
50-51
Gift deed
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Practice
52-55
Partition
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Practice
56-58
Partnership
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Practice
59-61
Will
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Practice
62-63
Legal Essay Writing
Lecture, selfstudy
&
Discussion
64-65
Law Reporting, Presenting Case Lecture, selfcritiques and Analyzing judgments
study
&
Discussion
66-68
Legal story and Play Writing from Court Lecture, selfroom reports
study
&
Discussion
Total Hours: 71
Lecture Hours: 68
Continuous Assessment Hours: 3
36
Course Curriculum
General Principles of Microeconomics-Economics-I | 6 Credits |
Session: February –June 2021 | Faculty: Dr. Chitra Saruparia
Class: BA LLB II SEMESTER
A. INTRODUCTION
The knowledge of Economics is important in the Legal Profession. Most of the Economists
favour changes that lead to efficiency and law practitioners aims to increase the profits of the
firm by helping them to reduce cost of production. Therefore, it is necessary for the students
of law to be thoroughly conversant with fundamental and intricate principles of economics.
The course covers the basic concepts and tools needed to undertake the analysis of problems
that arise due to the law of scarcity and help students to understand the decision making process
at the micro level. It would also consist of discussions over the laws that help in decision
making at the individual level.
B. COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, students will be able to
[CO.1] understand economics as the allocative science of scarce resources that scarcity
creates choice, which has an opportunity cost and tradeoffs exist.
[CO.2] discuss the downward slope of the demand curve and the factors, which shifts
the demand curve.
[CO.3] establish the link between production costs and supply
[CO.4] discuss the upward slope of the supply curve and factors which shift the supply
curve.
[CO.5] describe
how households (demand) and businesses (supply) interact to
determine price and quantity of a good produced.
[CO.6] discuss the concept of elasticity of demand and supply with case studies.
[CO.7] apply economic reasoning to determine consumer behaviour using cardinal and
ordinal approach.
[CO.8] develop cost functions from production functions.
[CO.9] determine profit-maximizing price and output in different market structures.
[CO.10] explain the legal recourse to market failure
[CO.11] understand the interface between Law and Economics through Consumer
Protection Law, Factories Act and Industrial Dispute Act, Competition Law, Minimum
Wage Act etc.
C. PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1]. Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem solving in
domestic and international law contexts;
[PO.2]. Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical reading,
writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral communications;
37
[PO.3]. Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research and
collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4]. An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and professional
values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of clients,
performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner toward
clients and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5]. Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose of
ongoing improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for lifelong
learning and continuing improvement;
[PO.6]. Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and environmental
contexts, demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
[PO.7]. Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8]. Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal profession,
judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations, entrepreneurships, and
corporate entities
[PO.9]. Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time management,
discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and achieving balance
in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D. ASSESSMENT PLAN
Criteria
Continuous
Description
Assessment
Weightage of Marks
3 Test (best 2 will be 30%
considered)
Mid Term
End Term Exam
20%
Closed Book
50%
E. CURRICULUM
Topic 1: Introduction to Economics






Nature , scope and methodology of Economics
Central Problems of an Economy and different Economic systems
Normative and positive Economics
Production Possibility Curve and Opportunity Cost
Ten Principles of Economics
Thinking like an Economist
Topic 2: Theory of Demand, Supply and Price determination

Demand and supply – Market Equilibrium basic Framework and applications
38

Elasticity in Demand and Supply Curve- Measurement and applications, Case Studies
– OPEC and Oil Price, Illegal Drugs.

Economic Role of Government with respect to Market -Price Ceiling, Price Floor and
Market adjustment , Black market, Tax and market adjustment , Elasticity and Tax
incidence. Case studies on -agricultural administered prices, minimum wage and rent
control.

Relation between economics and law- economic offences and economic legislation
Topic 3: Theory of Consumer Behaviour






Principle and concepts relating to utility
Cardinal and indifference curve approach , consumer‘s equilibrium
Decomposition of Price Effect into income and substitution effect.
The Paradox of Value
Consumer surplus- applications
Relevance of Consumer Protection Law
Topic 4: Theory of Production and Cost








Production function, Isoquants, factor substitution
Law of variable proportions, Returns to scale
Different concepts of cost and their interrelation
Firm’s Equilibrium
Economies and Diseconomies of Scale
Expansion Path
Empirical evidence on costs
Relevance of Factories Act and Industrial Dispute Act
Topic 5: Market Structures



Perfect Competition- allocative, distributive and productive efficiency, short and long
run equilibrium, relevance to competition Law and IPR
Monopoly – short run and long run equilibrium , dead weight loss of monopoly ,price
discrimination, measure of monopoly power
Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly- barriers to entry, cartels and collisions,
Game theory, Nash equilibrium, Prisoner’s Dilemma
Topic 6: Market Failure and Law & Economics



Causes of Market Failure- Public Goods, Externalities, Common Pool resources,
Market for Lemons
Legal system as a public good
Public goods and efficiency
39




Externalities and property rights
Public and Private response to Market Failure: Ronald Coase theorem
Economics as a tool to measure efficiency of laws: Pareto efficiency and Compensation
principles.
Economics of Competition Law
F. REFERENCE BOOKS / LINKS




Lipsey & Chrystal (2020): Economics, 14th Edition, Oxford University Press Inc,
New York.
Mankiw N. Gregory (2018): Principles of Economics, 8 th edition, Cengage
Learning.
Pindyack, Robert & Rubinfeld (2017), Daniel L, Microeconomics , 9 th edition,
Pearson Education Pvt Ltd, Delhi.
Samuelson PA and Nordhaus WD, Sudip Chaudhuri, Anindya Sen (2019)
Economics, 20 th Edition, McGraw Hill Education.
Lecture Plan:
Lecture Number
1-2
3 -4
5
Topics
Nature, scope
Economics
and
methodology
Mode of Delivery
of Lecture & Interaction
Central Problems of an Economy and Lecture & Interaction
different Economic systems
Normative and positive Economics
6-8
Production
Possibility
Opportunity Cost
9-11
Ten Principles of Economics and thinking Problem Solving
&
discussion through Case
like an Economist
Study.
Demand, determinants , exceptions to Law Lecture & Interaction
of demand
12-15
Curve
Lecture & Interaction
and Problem Solving
discussion
16-18
Supply, determinants, price determination
19-21
Elasticity of Demand and its application in
business decisions and prohibitive laws
22-30
&
Lecture & Interaction
Problem Solving &
discussion through Case
Study.
Cardinal utility analysis, TU, MU, The Problem Solving &
Paradox of Value, Law of diminishing discussion through Case
marginal utility, Law of equi marginal Study.
utility
40
31-34
35-36
Indifference curve analysis and
applications
Problem Solving &
discussion through Case
Study.
Decomposition of price effect into income Lecture & Interaction
and substitution effect
37
Consumer surplus and its applications
38
Production function-short run and long run
39-40
41-43
44-46
Law of variable proportion
Problem Solving &
discussion
Returns to scale and isoquants
Problem Solving &
discussion
Different cost concepts - MC, AC and their Lecture & Interaction
relationship, fixed and variable cost, short
run and long run.
47-50
Economies and Diseconomies of Scale
51-52
Expansion Path,
costs
53-58
Problem Solving &
discussion through Case
Study
Lecture & Interaction
Lecture & Interaction
Empirical evidence on Problem Solving &
discussion through Case
Study
Classification of market structures, Perfect Lecture & Interaction
Competition
59-64
Monopoly, dead weight loss, Price
discrimination, measure of monopoly
power Relevance to Competition Law
Lecture & Interaction
65-70
Monopolistic Competition and oligopoly features, barriers to entry, cartels and
collision, game theory , nash equilibrium ,
prisoner’s Dilemma
Lecture & Interaction
71-77
Conditions for success of market, causes of
market failure- Public goods, externalities ,
common pool resources, information
failure, moral hazard, Lemon market,
Public and private responses to market
failure – coase theorem . Pareto efficiency
and compensation principles.
Problem Solving &
discussion through Case
Study
Total Hours: 80
Lecture Hours: 77
Continuous Assessment: 3 Hrs
41
Course Curriculum
Political Science II [Indian Government and Politics] 6 Credits
Session: February – June 2021 | Faculty: Dr. Manisha Mirdha|
Class: BA/ LLB - II SEMESTER
A. INTRODUCTION TO COURSE AND OBJECTIVES
India is a laboratory of political, economic, social development and change. It is a political system
grounded in conservative traditions but simultaneously a society in progress and process of change.
The basis of Legal system is Constitution. Constitution provides the guidance regarding the
formation and function of Legislature, Administration and Judiciary.
Political Science (II) – Indian Government and Politics, provides a clear and concise account of
the contemporary Indian political system. It explains the historical legacies that have shaped the
structures of Indian government and influenced the patterns of its politics. Simultaneously the
course describes the network of Indian institutions at federal and provincial level. It conveys a
sense of where power is located, how it is used and the constraints on its exercise. This course not
merely describes the well established framework of Government and Law but also elaborates and
analyzes these structures with reference to the constantly changing socioeconomic and political
milieu. It aims to provoke a debate amongst students on issues that are critical in grasping
contemporary India
B. COURSE OUTCOMES
At the end of the course, the student will be able to
[CO.1]Understand the basics of the political system which undergirds the Indian legal
system
[CO.2]Appreciate the historical legacies that have shaped the structures of Indian
government and influenced the patterns of its politics
[CO.3] Have a clear understanding of the network of Indian institutions at federal and
provincial level
[CO.4]Analyze critically the well established framework of Government, Law and the
institutional structures with reference to the constantly changing socioeconomic and
political milieu
[CO.5] Form independent opinions on the contemporary political issues in the country
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C. PROGRAM OUTCOMES
[PO.1]. Demonstrate the ability to think like a lawyer and basic proficiency in professional
lawyering skills to perform competent legal analysis, reasoning, and problem
solving in domestic and international law contexts;
[PO.2]. Demonstrate communication skills, including effective listening and critical
reading, writing in objective and persuasive styles, and oral advocacy and other oral
communications;
[PO.3]. Demonstrate the ability to conduct domestic and international legal research
and collaborate effectively with others in a variety of legal settings and contexts;
[PO.4]. An appreciation, understanding, and inculcation of the moral, ethical, and
professional values and application of knowledge of professional ethics to representation of
clients, performance of duties as an officer of the courts, and behaves in a sensitive manner
toward clients and colleagues of all cultures and backgrounds;
[PO.5]. Reviews and critically appraises legal literature and evidence for the purpose
of ongoing improvement of the practice of law and exhibits commitment and aptitude for
lifelong
learning and continuing improvement;
[PO.6]. Understand the impact of professional lawyering skills in societal and
environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable
development.
[PO.7]. Using technology in legal practice
[PO.8]. Equip with knowledge, passion and drive to excel as leaders in the legal
profession, judiciary, public service, non-profit & non-governmental organizations,
entrepreneurships, and corporate entities
[PO.9]. Explore and understand specific issues relating to workplace such as time
management, discipline, workplace culture, team work, giving and receiving feedback, and
achieving balance in one’s life in a multidisciplinary environment.
D. ASSESSMENT PLAN
Criteria
Continuous Assessment
End Term Exam
Description/Weightage
3 Test (best 2 will be
considered)
Mid Term
Closed Book
Weightage of Marks
30%
20%
100%
E. CURRICULUM
TOPIC I
OVERVIEW OF THE INDIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM
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Indian Political Thought
The Constituent Assembly of India- Background, Composition and Working
Salient Features of the Working process of the Constituent Assembly
Granville Austin’s views
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Criticisms of the Constituent Assembly
India: Social Structure and Democratic Process
Essential Readings:
1. Bhargava, R. (2008) ‘Introduction: Outline of a Political Theory of the Indian
Constitution’,in Bhargava, R. (ed.) Politics and Ethics of the Indian Constitution. New
Delhi: Oxford University Press
2. Chaube, S.K. (1973) ‘The Indian Problem’, in Constituent Assembly of India. Delhi:
People’s Publishing House
3. Austin, G. (1979) ‘The Constituent Assembly: Microcosm in Action’, in The Indian
Constitution: Cornerstone of a Nation. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
4. Agrawal, A. (2005) ‘The Indian Parliament,’ in Kapur, D. and Mehta P.B. (ed.) Public
Institutions in India: Performance and Design. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
5. Laxmikanth M.(2016), Indian Polity, Mc Graw Hill Education
TOPIC II
FEDRALISM AND STATE POLITICS IN INDIA
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The Nature of Indian Federalism
Determinants of State Politics; Practice, Patterns, Emerging trends in State Politics
Centre–State Relation: An Overview of Legislative, Administrative and Financial
Relations
Centre- State Relations: Areas of Conflict
Defections and State Politics
Essential Readings:
1. Arora, B. (2000) ‘Negotiating Differences: Federal Coalitions and National
Cohesion’, in Frankel, F. Hasan, Z. Bhargava, R. and Arora, B. (eds.) Transforming
India: Social and Political Dynamics of Democracy. New Delhi: Oxford University
Press
2. Rao, M.G. and Singh, N. (2005) ‘A Historical Review of Indian Federalism’, in The
Political Economy of Federalism in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
3. Jayal Niraja Gopal and Mehra Pratap Bhanu (2011) The Oxford Companion to Politics
in India, edited by Oxford
4. Fadia B. L. and Fadia Kuldeep, (2016) Government and Politics, Sahitya Bhawan
5. Laxmikanth M.(2016), Indian Polity, Mc Graw Hill Education
TOPIC III
UNION GOVERNMENT

The Union Executive: President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
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The Parliament: Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
Functioning of the Parliamentary System in India: Relationship between the two chambers
Indian Judicial System: Judicial Structure, The Supreme Court: Functions and Powers,
Judicial Activism, Public Interest Litigation, Judicial Reforms
Judiciary and Democratic Processes: Context of Judicial Review in India
Essential Readings:
1. Shankar, B.L. and Rodrigues, V. (2011) ‘The Changing Conception of
Representation: Issues, Concerns and Institutions’, in The Indian Parliament: A
Democracy at Work. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
2. Kothari Rajni (2005), Rethinking Democracy, Orient Longman
3. Khare, H. (2003) ‘Prime Minister and Parliament: Redefining Accountability in the
Age of Coalition Government’, in Mehra, A.K. and Kueck, G.W. (eds.) The Indian
Parliament: A Comparative Perspective. New Delhi: Konark Publishers
4. Manor, J. (1994) ‘The Prime Minister and the President’, in Dua, B.D. and Manor
J. (eds.) Nehru to the Nineties : The Changing Office of the Prime Minister in India,
Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press
5. Fadia B. L. and Fadia Kuldeep, (2016) Government and Politics, Sahitya Bhawan
6. Laxmikanth M.(2016), Indian Polity, Mc Graw Hill Education
TOPIC IV
ELECTORAL POLITICS IN INDIA
 Electoral System in India
 Election Commission in India-Powers, Functions and Emerging Role
 Defects of the Electoral Process
 Elections and the process of politicisation
 Electoral Reforms
 Free and fair Elections-Code of Conduct
 Determinants of Voting Behaviour
Essential Readings:
1. Fadia B. L. and Fadia Kuldeep, (2016) Government and Politics, Sahitya Bhawan
2. Manor, J. (1995) ‘Regional Parties in Federal Systems’, in Arora, B. and Verney, D.V.
(eds.) Multiple Identities in a Single State: Indian Federalism in Comparative
Perspective. Delhi: Konark
3. Yadav, Y. and Palshikar, S. (2006) ‘Party System and Electoral Politics in the Indian
States, 1952-2002: From Hegemony to Convergence’, in deSouza, P.R. and Sridharan,
E. (eds.) India’s Political Parties. New Delhi: Sage
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4. Chibber. P. and Petrocik, J.R. (2002) ‘Social Cleavages, Elections and the Indian Party
System’, in Hasan, Z. (ed.) Parties and Party Politics in India. New Delhi: Oxford
University Press
TOPIC V
CHALLENGES TO INDIAN DEMOCRACY
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Impact of Caste, Religion and Language
Crime and Politics: The Nexus
Regionalism in Indian Politics
Problems of Violence in India
Globalization and the Changing Nature of the Indian State: The nature of political
power in India, with reference to developmental, welfare, ideological and coercive
dimensions.
Essential Readings:
1. Bilgrami, A. (1999) ‘Two Concepts of Secularism’, in Kaviraj, S. (ed.) Politics in
India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
2. Brass, P.R. (2003) ‘Introduction: Explaining Communal Violence’, in The Production
of Hindu-Muslim Violence in Contemporary India. New Delhi: Oxford University
Press
3. Rangnekar D.K.(2012), The Politics of Poverty, Sage Publications
4. Menon, N. and Nigam, A. (2007) ‘Politics of Hindutva and the Minorities’, in Power
and Contestation: India since 1989. London: Fernwood Publishing, Halifax and Zed
Books
5. Chakravarti, U. (2003) ‘Caste and Gender in Contemporary India’, in Gendering Caste
Through a Feminist Lens. Calcutta: Street
6. Deshpande, R. (2005) ‘State and Democracy in India, Strategies of Accommodation
and Manipulation’, Occasional Paper, Series III, No.4, Special Assistance Programme,
Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune.
7. Frankel, F. (2005) ‘Crisis of Political Stability’, in India’s Political Economy (19472004):The Gradual Revolution. New Delhi: Oxford University Press
TOPIC VI
PUBLIC POLICY AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
 Meaning, nature and scope of public policy
 Types of Public Policy
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1.
2.
3.
4.
Forces in the Policy Making Process—The Individual Citizen; Electoral Pledges; Influence
of the Media, Pressure Groups, Political Parties
Meaning, nature and scope of Public Administration in a State - Public & Private
administration
Public Administration and Policy making
Approaches to Public Policy and Its Implementation
Policy Evaluation
Theories of Organization - Scientific Management - Bureaucratic theory of organization Classic theory of organization - Human Relations theory of organization.
Principles of Organization - Hierarchy - Span of Control - Unity of Command - Centralised
and decentralized administration.
Essential Readings
Fadia B. L.and Kuldeep Fadia (2015) Public Administration, Sahitya Bhawan,
R.K. Sapru, Public Policy-formulation, implementation and evaluation (Sterling
Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2004)
James E. Anderson, Public Policy Making (Holt Rinehart, New York 3rd Edition, 1984)
Thomas R. Dye, Understanding Public Policy, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1978)
F. TEXT BOOKS/ REFERENCE BOOKS
Prescribed Text Books:
1. Atul Kohli, The Success of India’s Democracy, Cambridge University Press, 2001
2. B. L. Fadia and Kuldeep Fadia, Indian Government and Politics, Sahitya Bhawan, 2016
3. Bidyut Chakrabarty and Rajendra Kumar Pandey: Indian Government and Politics, Sage
Texts, 2008
4. Fadia B. L. and Fadia Kuldeep, Government and Politics, Sahitya Bhawan, 2016
5. G. Austin, The Constituent Assembly: Microcosm in Action, in The Indian Constitution:
Cornerstone of a Nation. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1979
6. M. Laxmikanth. Indian Polity, Mc Graw Hill Education, 2016
7. M. Laxmikanth, Governance in India McGraw Hill Education, 2nd edition, 2014
8. N.L.Madan, Indian Political System: Socio-economic Dimension, South Asia Books, 1989
9. Niraja Gopal Jayal and Pratap Bhanu Mehra, The Oxford Companion to Politics in India,
edited by Oxford, 2011
10. Patanjali N. Chaturvedi, Indian Political System, Kunal Book Publisher, 2011
11. Paul R.Brass, Caste, Faction and Party in Indian Politics New Delhi: Oxford University
Press, 2003
12. Rajni Kothari, Politics in India Orient black Swan, 2012
13. Singh, Indian Politics: Constitutional Foundations and Institutional Functioning, Prentice
Hall India Learning Private Limited; 2nd edition, 2011
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Reference Readings
1. B.B. Misra : The Administrative History of India (1934-1947)
2. B.N. Puri : Some Aspects of the Evolution of Indian Administration
3. B.S. Khanna : Panchayati Raj in India
4. Bhabani Sen Gupta : India – Problems of Governance, Konark Publishers, Delhi – 1996
5. Bhavani Singh : Recent Trends in Indian Government and Politics, Vol.II(1991)
6. Bipan Chandra : India After Independence, Penguin Books – 2000
7. C.P.Bhambri, The Indian States : fifty years, New Delhi, Shipra, 1999. Granville
8. G. Ram Reddy : Patterns of Panchayati Raj
9. Granville Austin : The Indian Constitution : Cornerstone of a Nation
10. Gupta, D.C. : Indian Government and Politics
11. Henry Maddick : Panchayati Raj in India
12. Hoshair Singh : Urban Local Government & Administration in India
13. J.R.Siwach : Dynamics of Indian Government and Politics, Streling, New Delhi – 1990
14. M. Shattacharya : Bureaucracy and Development Administration (N.D. Uppal, 1978)
15. M.A. Muttalib : Theory of Local Governance
16. M.V. Pylee : Constitutional Government in India.
17. Morris Jones : Government and Politics in India
18. Myron Weiner : Party Building in a New Nation : The Congress Party of India
19. Norman D. Palmer : The Indian Political System
20. P.R.Brass, Politics of India Since Independence, 2nd edn., Cambridge, Cambridge
University Press,
21. Ramesh K. Arora : Administrative Change in India (Jaipur: Alakh Publishers)
22. Rasheeduddin Khan : Federal India – A design for change, Vikas – 1992
23. S.K. Sharma & V.N. Chawla : Municipal Administration in India
24. S.R. Maheswari : Local Government in India
25. Shriram Maheswari : Indian Administration (New Delhi: Orient Longman, 1998)
26. Subhash C.Kashyap : Our Parliament, National Book Trust, New Delhi – 1992
27. Zoya Hasan : Politics and The State in India(ed.) Sage Publication, New Delhi – 2000
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