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A Comparative Study for SMS Spam Detection

International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD)
Volume 5 Issue 1, November-December 2020 Available Online: www.ijtsrd.com e-ISSN: 2456 – 6470
A Comparative Study for SMS Spam Detection
Kavya P1, Dr. A. Rengarajan2
of Computer Application, Jain Deemed-to-be University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
of CS and IT, Jain Deemed-to-be University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
With technological advancements and increment in Mobile Phones supported
content advertisement, because the use of SMS phones has increased to a big
level to prompted Spam SMS unsolicited Messages to users, on the complexity
of reports the quality of SMS Spam is expanding step by step. These spam
messages can lead loss of personal data as well. SMS spam detection which is
relatively equal to a replacement area and systematic literature review on this
area is insufficient. SMS detection are often dealed using various machine
learning techniques which as a feature called SMS spam filtering which
separates spam or ham . This Paper aims to match treats spam detection as a
basic two class document classification problem. The Classification will
comprise of classification algorithm with extractions and different dataset
collected which uses a classification feature to filter the messages . In this web
journal, we are going center on creating a Naïve Bayes show for spam message
identification, and utilize flash as it could be a web benefit advancement micro
framework in python to form an API for show. The Comparison has performed
using machine learning and different algorithm techniques.
How to cite this paper: Kavya P | Dr. A.
Rengarajan, "A Comparative Study for
SMS Spam Detection"
International Journal
of Trend in Scientific
Development (ijtsrd),
Volume-5 | Issue-1,
December 2020, pp.902-905, URL:
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific
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Commons Attribution
KEYWORD: SMS Spam, Detection, Machine Learning Techniques, Content
Short Text Messages (SMS) are significant methods for
correspondence today between a large number of
individuals around the globe. SMS Services, which are an
absolute necessity have benefits now-days for telecom
administrators that send the messages utilizing
correspondence standard conventions. As the People invest
parcel of energy in checking writing for a blog sites to post
their messages, offer and post their thoughts and make
companions the world over. As the developing pattern, these
stages pull in countless clients just as spammers to
communicate their messages to the world. As, the quantity of
telephones will before long grow out of the total populace.
According to worked concurring upto 30% of messages are
perceived as spam in Asia, principally because of the
minimal effort of sending short messages. As the spam
messages squander network assets, yet additionally
increment the expense for cell phone clients and even lead to
digital assaults, for example, phishing. Henceforth there is a
solid requirement for SMS spam identification.
SMS Spam location there's is extent of examination works in
this field works have been led on it. There are diverse
techiques for the utilization of SMS spam separating, for
example, white posting and boycotting, content-based, noncontent based, content based methodologies, community
oriented methodologies and challenge-reaction strategy [1]
Spam recognition is considered as a NLP grouping issue
utilizing AI calculations. Spam recognition is taken under a
grouping issue, during which for a given short instant
message, the goal is to characterize as spam or ham. Since
the assertion is to create vigorous and dependable spam
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD38094
discovery model which can decide a given message as spam
or ham. [2]
Spam email includes a pivotal financial effect in end clients
and fix suppliers. The expanding significance of this issue has
roused the occasion of various procedures to battle it, or at
least giving some alleviation. These channels group the
messages in to the class of Spam and Ham (non-Spam). The
classifiers choose the classification of approaching message
based on certain words in information part and order it.
There are two sections, known as test information and
preparing information, that fill in as the information base for
the Spam classifier to order the messages and proactives the
spam sifting [3-4]
As the document classification tasks consists of
unproductive data, so selecting most important, required
features for improving the accuracy is one of the main
objectives. This thesis concentrates on this task.
2. Project Scope and Objectives
The objective of this project is to classify and make analysis
of spam and non-spam (ham) through using and utilize flash
as it could be a web benefit advancement micro framework
in python to form an API, such as multilayer perceptron and
comparison of it with nave bayesian classifier.
The aim of this work is to concentrate on different
classification techniques and to compare their performances
on the domain of spam messages detection. A number of preclassified SMS Spam detection messages were processed
with the techniques to see which one is most successful and
under which set of features[5]
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
3. Related Work
After the study of sms spam filtering the researches include statistic-based strategies, such as bayesian based classifiers, logistic
relapse and decision tree strategy. There are still few considers around SMS spam filtering strategies accessible within the
inquire about diaries whereas inquires about almost Sms spam classifiers are continuously increasing. We show the foremost
important works related to this topic.
Arrangement of SMS messages could be a pervasive and ongoing exploration range, particularly the twofold order of SMS
messages where a SMS message is named SPAM or Non-SPAM message. Various inventive methodologies are proposed in
examining and ordering SMS messages, a couple of the most recent advancement in this heading is talked about here.
3.1. Different Researchers Contributions
Some of the major contributions on the existing SMS-Spam Detection are discussed in Table 1.
Table 1 A literature review on existing systems
The author classifies the sentences an natural language such as Question Answering
Naughton et al[6]
(QA)andText Summarisation
Huang et al[7]
2012 The author proposed a complex method based on sms network with a phone calling
The author proposed proposed email spam classifiers on short text message he
Narayan, A et al[8]
2013 developed a two level classifier for short message services
HoushmandShiraniThe author proposed an UCI machine repository which is used for real sms spam
database after preprocessing and feature extraction .
Table 2 discusses the different contributions in Spam Filtering and techiques
Table 2 A literature review on System Content based Techiques
The author Proposed a new content based features to improve the performance of SMS
Amir Karami et al[10] 2014
spam detection
The author proposes a an unsupervised approach for opinion spam detection which
Mukherjee, A et al[11] 2014
can exploit both linguistic and behavioral footprints left behind by spammers
The author introduced the Optimum-Path Forest classifier to the context of spam
Fernandes, et al[12]
2015 filtering in SMS messages, as well as we compared it against with some state-of-the-art
supervised pattern recognition techniques.
Its objective is to study the discriminatory control of the features and considering its
Zainal, et al[13]
informative or influence factor in classifying SMS spam messages.
Table 3 discusses the different contributions for Proposed System
Table 3.A literature review on Content based Techiques
The author used various features Word Count, n-gram feature sets and number of
pronouns. In order to extract such features, many types of preprocessing steps could be
Etaiwi, W et al[14]
performed applying the classification method, this steps may include POS tagging, n-gram
term frequencies
The author proactived and proposed Universal Language Model Fine-tuning (ULMFiT), an
Howard et al[15]
effective transfer learning method that can be applied to any task in NLP.
The author proactivated CNN Method for solving text mining domain and NLP. CNN that is
Widiastuti, et al[16] 2019
proficient in image classification has proven its ability to process text
The author examines new method based on the discrete hidden Markov model (HMM) to
Xia et al[17]
2020 use the word order information and to solve the low term frequency issue in SMS spam
The author explained s detection model is based on the combination of two deep learning
Ghourabi et al[18]
2020 methods CNN and LSTM. It is intended to deal with mixed text messages that are written
in Arabic or English.
The Previous highlights of SMS Spam recognition expresses
the accompanying:
 Various work for the SMS spam identification has been
controlled before by utilizing information handling and
AI strategies.
 In existing work, utilized word vector to mentor their
model, however they have not investigated client or SMS
based highlights to manage the issue .
 Despite many existing arrangements, there are a couple
of extensive arrangements which will merge text data
close by the client based highlights which may identify
sms spam continuously. Along these lines the inspiration
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD38094
of this Spam location is: Since sms spam identification
prompts cost of organization and Industries and
specialists have applied various ways to deal with make
spam free online audits entry, informal community stage
which can be unsafe to clients to conquer this we use
classifers and preparing models
The objective is to apply distinctive AI calculations to SMS
spam grouping issue, contrast their presentation with gain
knowledge and further investigate the issue, and plan an
application dependent on one of these calculations that can
channel SMS spams with high exactness Advnatages of this
proposed model:
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
Performance and precision is all the more contrasting
with other comparative application.
Reduce the Time Complexity.
4. Description Of Work
The Project report is coordinated as follows: Segment
portrays the Comman structure of work handle of this trial .
In the Section 1 ML instrument is used for the examination
and order of the dataset. the chief degree of information is
inspected from different sources to shape extact dataset
.SMS Spam identification is utilized to recognize wheather its
ham or spam, Section 2 clarifies about extraction and
highlights of Data Preprocessing Then the pre-prepared
information data is changed into a machine decipherable
structure or non-relevant structure by changing over to
vector or by doing discretization, In Segment 3 investigates
the utilization of gullible Bayes calculation to the issue, use
of Support Vector Machine calculation to the
characterization issue is considered and the model is tried
Later Section 3 Turing the spam message classifer into web
application utilizing Flask API lightweight WSGI web
application system intended to make beginning with APIs
snappy and simple, that empowers capacity to scale up
complex applications. Programming interface permits us to
utilize characterizing capacities of the calculation by means
of HTTP demands, the web application comprises of a basic
page with a structure field that lets us enter an instant
message. After presenting the message to the web
application, the proper API endpoint is called, which thusly
cycles and re-visitations of the frontend the outcome—
arranging the content as one or the other spam or not spam.
Subsequently The spam characterization model utilized in
this article was prepared and assessed.
4.2. Pseudo Code of Proposed System
Step 1 Import the dataset and perform the data pre-processing steps.
Step 2 Building a model for message classification, then later create API Model using Flash
Step 3 After training model, it is desirable to perist model for future without retrain, by saving .pkl file
Later, we spare the model and layouts by in which Flask will search for static HTML documents for delivering
Step 4
in the internet browser
The app.py document contains the primary code that will be executed by the Python mediator to run the Flask
Step 5
web application, it incorporated the ML code for ordering SMS messages
Inside the anticipate work, we access the spam informational collection, pre-measure the content, and make
Step 6
forecasts, at that point store the model
We utilize present strategy on change datain worker by setting debug=True contention inside the app.run
Step 7
technique, we further actuated Flask's debugger
When the internet browser is explored, we can begin showing the API to either double tap appy.py in order
Step 8
5. Results and Discussions:
In this final step, on our prepared dataset, we will test our classification model and also measure the efficiency of SMS spam
detection on our dataset. To assess the efficiency of Our defined category and make it comparable to existing approaches .SMS
Spam detectors are benefital and used to future enhancement as this will detect the spam messages and network resources
many upcoming detectors are upcoming in future enhancement.
Once you have done all of the above, you can start running the API by either double click app.py or executing the command
from the Terminal so the output will be in following:
Fig 5.1 img command exe
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD38094
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International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development (IJTSRD) @ www.ijtsrd.com eISSN: 2456-6470
Presently you could open an internet browser and explore to, we should see a straightforward site
with the substance like so:
designing web services is REST (representational State
Transfer) which takes the http protocol as flash
implements quick and easy framework and responds to
avoid complex applications and predicts wheather its
ham or spam messages.
6. Acknowledgments
I would like to express my sincere feeling and obligation to
Dr MN Nachappa and Dr.Renarajan A and project
coordinators for their effective steerage and constant
inspirations throughout my analysis work. Their timely
direction, complete co-operation and minute observation
have created my work fruitful.
7. References
A. a. M. M. A. a. A. Q. M. Ghourabi, A Hybrid CNNLSTM Model for SMS Spam Detection in Arabic and
English Messages, 2020.
M. R. a. C. M. U. a. o. Islam, Spam filtering using ML
algorithms, 2005.
Fig 5.2 Home Page
Here it is page when the web browser navigates, we can
enter the messages
S. a. M. D. Youn, A comparative study for email
classification, 2007.
E. a. B. A. Blanzieri, A survey of learning-based
techniques of email spam filtering, 2008.
J. a. H. T. a. T. P. G{\"o}bel, Towards proactive spam
filtering, 2009.
W. a. W. T. Liu, Index-based online text classification
for sms spam filtering, 2010.
M. a. S. N. a. C. J. Naughton, Sentence-level event
classification in unstructured texts, 2010.
Q. a. X. E. W. a. Y. Q. a. D. J. a. Z. J. Xu, Sms spam
detection using noncontent features, 2012.
A. a. S. P. Narayan, The curse of 140 characters:
evaluating the efficacy of SMS spam detection on
android, 2013.
H. Shirani-Mehr, SMS spam detection using machine
learning approach, 2013.
A. a. Z. L. Karami, Improving static SMS spam
detection by using new content-based features, 2014.
A. a. V. V. Mukherjee, Opinion spam detection: An
unsupervised approach using generative models,
K. a. J. M. Z. Zainal, A review of feature extraction
optimization in SMS spam messages classification,
D. a. d. C. K. A. a. A. T. A. a. P. J. P. Fernandes, SMS
spam filtering through optimum-path forest-based
classifiers, 2015.
N. a. B. T. a. M. P. a. M. A. S. Al Moubayed, Sms spam
filtering using probabilistic topic modelling and
stacked denoising autoencoder, 2016.
W. a. N. G. Etaiwi, The impact of applying different
preprocessing steps on review spam detection, 2017.
J. a. R. S. Howard, Universal language model finetuning for text classification, 2018.
N. Widiastuti, Convolution Neural Network for Text
Mining and Natural Language Processing, 2019.
T. a. C. X. Xia, A discrete hidden Markov model for
SMS spam detection, 2020.
Fig 5.3 shows SPAM Message which is generally sent in
Fig 5.4 shows Ham message
In this work, we broke down applications, sifted SPAM on
SMS information, and proposed a way to deal with improve
the precision of spam arrangement for short instant
messages. We sum up the accompanying based on our
analyses and diagnostic outcomes:
 We drew a relative investigation of utilizing email spam
channels on SMS spam, and feature calculated
difficulties in re-purposing customary email spam
channels for short-instant messages.
Proposed a model for testing and training the dataset
using an flash apiwhich can be defined as a set of
methods of communication between various software
components. An common architectural approach to
Unique Paper ID – IJTSRD38094
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