ASSIGNMENT Name - HARSHVARDHAN RAI Roll No. - 4013/17 Course - B. A. (HONS.) ENGLISH Semester - VI Subject/Paper - MODERN EUROPEAN DRAMA Topic: ROLE OF TIME AND SPACE IN WAITING FOR GODOT Answer: Time presents a slew of problems in Waiting for Godot (1953) by Samuel Beckett. The very title of the play reveals its central action: waiting. The two main characters are forced to whittle down their days while anticipating the arrival of a person who never comes. Because they need nothing to try to within the meantime, time may be a dreaded barrier, a test of their ability to endure. Because they repeat an equivalent action a day, time is cyclical. That every character seems to possess a faulty memory further complicates matters; time loses meaning when the actions of 1 day haven't any relevance or certainty on subsequent. The concept of time and its experience plays a significant role in Beckett’s Waiting for Godot. Along with some philosophical interpretations, the time has some linguistic features that enable the author to create absence through a withdrawal process. This withdrawal process works through two stages. The first stage makes an environment for the author to create the absence of presence and the second stage results in the presence of absence. This Beckettian imitation of absence is created by the depiction of the contrary witnesses which has been possible for the inherent linguistic and phenomenological features of the time. If we take Vladimir’s repeated utterance, “Nothing to be done” in Waiting for Godot, for example, we will see that the word “nothing” is opposed by the presence of “to be”. If we want to experience “nothing,” the essence of nothingness must be present. It means that the presence or absence must be present to feel the absence. The narration of Beckett develops a spectacular reduction ad absurdum of his phenomenological paradigm – because, for Beckett, the chief object existing in consciousness is the lack of object. So when Vladimir says, “Nothing to be done” (43), it concludes that the foremost object of consciousness is nothing. As a result, the consciousness can never be distinguished from the void. This is a narrative style where an evacuation of an object of consciousness from the consciousness occurs. Their attempts to reconstruct a basic idea of the past and regain some sense of time are feeble and leave them disorientated in a present where they are not even fully aware which day it is: ‘...And is it Saturday? Is it not rather Sunday? [Pause.] Or Monday? [Pause.] Or Friday?’ This complex relationship between time and Waiting for Godot is prominently marked by a variety of changes which appear to miraculously take place overnight; although Beckett’s Act II directions mark ‘Next Day. Same Time. Same Place’, the tree which seemed to be dead within the first act now bears several leaves. Pozzo, the character they are available into contact alongside his slave Lucky in Act I, has also inexplicably gone blind when he returns to an equivalent location subsequent day. He is unable to confirm the relationship to Vladimir between time and his unfortunate predicament. Neither of these two events is able to be successfully traced back onto a stable and linear time scale, helping the play to move into a modern territory of literature because it breaks faraway from a pre-modern Newtonian understanding of your time and duration. In addition, time in expecting Godot is cyclical. This is largely achieved through repetition. Some argue that the second act of the play is merely a repeat of the first. There are many uses of repetition throughout the play, like the road “Nothing to be done”. Waiting for Godot is regarded as a strong example of modern literature due to Beckett’s breakdown of time.