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93-Group-Properties-Topic-Booklet-1-CIE-IGCSE-Chemistry

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Group Properties
Question Paper 1
Level
IGCSE
Subject
Chemistry (0620/0971)
Exam Board
Cambridge International Examinations (CIE)
Topic
The Periodic Table
Sub-Topic
Group Properties
Booklet
Question Paper 1
Time Allowed:
25 minutes
Score:
/21
Percentage:
/100
Grade Boundaries:
9
8
7
6
5
4
>85%
75%
68%
60%
53%
48%
1
3
2
1
40%
33%
<25%
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1. Astatine is an element in Group VII of the Periodic Table. It has only ever been produced in very
small amounts.
What is the best description of its likely properties?
2. Which statement describes the trends going down group VII of the Periodic Table?
A
The boiling point and melting point both decrease.
B
The boiling point and melting point both increase.
C
The boiling point decreases but the melting point increases.
D
The boiling point increases but the melting point decreases.
3. The table compares the properties of Group I elements with those of transition elements.
Which entry in the table is correct?
2
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4. The diagram shows the positions of elements P, Q, R, S and T in the Periodic Table.
These letters are not the chemical symbols for the elements.
S
P
Q
R
Which statement about the properties of these elements is correct?
A
P reacts more vigorously with water than does Q.
B
P, Q and R are all metals.
C
T exists as diatomic molecules.
D
T is more reactive than S.
5. Which is not a property of Group I metals?
A
They are soft and can be cut with a knife.
B
They corrode rapidly when exposed to oxygen in the air.
C
They produce an acidic solution when they react with water.
D
They react rapidly with water producing hydrogen gas.
6. Solutions of a halogen and a sodium halide are mixed.
Which mixture darkens in colour because a reaction occurs?
A
bromine and sodium chloride
B
bromine and sodium fluoride
C
chlorine and sodium fluoride
D
chlorine and sodium iodide
3
T
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7. The table shows some properties of two elements in Group VII of the Periodic Table.
Which properties is fluorine likely to have?
8. X is a monatomic gas.
gas X
Which statement about X is correct?
A
X burns in air.
B
X is coloured.
C
X is unreactive.
D
X will displace iodine from potassium iodide.
4
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9. The diagram shows a section of the Periodic Table.
I
II
III
IV
V
V
VI
W
VII
0
X
Y
Z
Which elements will conduct electricity at room temperature?
A
V, W and X
B
V, Y and W
C
W, X and Z
D
Y and Z
10. The equation shows the reaction between a halogen and aqueous bromide ions.
X2
…1…
+
2Br–(aq)
→
…2…
2X–(aq)
+
Br2
…3…
Which words correctly complete gaps 1, 2 and 3?
5
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11 The diagram shows an outline of the Periodic Table.
U V
W
X Y
Which of the elements U, V, W, X and Y would react together in the ratio of 1 : 1?
A
B
U and X
U and Y
C
V and Y
D
W and X
12 The element rubidium, Rb, is immediately below potassium in the Periodic Table.
It reacts with bromine to form the compound rubidium bromide.
Which descriptions of this compound are correct?
type of bond
formula
colour
A
covalent
RbBr
brown
B
covalent
RbBr2
white
C
ionic
RbBr
white
D
ionic
RbBr2
brown
6
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13 Element X is in Group VII of the Periodic Table.
It reacts with aqueous potassium bromide as shown.
X2 + 2KBr → 2KX + Br2
Which statements about X are correct?
relative atomic mass
reactivity
A
greater than that of bromine
less reactive than bromine
B
greater than that of bromine
more reactive than bromine
C
less than that of bromine
less reactive than bromine
D
less than that of bromine
more reactive than bromine
14 The diagram shows a section of the Periodic Table.
Which element is described below?
‘A colourless, unreactive gas that is denser than air.’
A
B
C
D
7
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15. Element X is below iodine in the Periodic Table.
Which row correctly shows the physical state of element X at room temperature and its reactivity
compared with that of iodine?
physical state
of element X at
room temperature
reactivity compared
with that of iodine
A
gas
less reactive
B
solid
less reactive
C
gas
more reactive
D
solid
more reactive
8
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16. The diagram shows an outline of part of the Periodic Table.
X
Y
Z
Which statement about elements X, Y and Z is not correct?
A
All are metals.
B
All conduct electricity.
C
All form coloured compounds.
D
All react with oxygen.
17. The diagrams show the labels of four bottles.
Which label is not correct?
A
B
C
D
Bromine
Br2
Iodine
I2
Potassium
K
Sodium
Na
Harmful liquid.
Do not spill.
Danger
Avoid breathing vapour
from the solid.
Danger
Store under water.
Danger
Store under oil.
9
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18. Fluorine is at the top of Group VII in the Periodic Table.
Which row shows the properties of fluorine?
colour
state at room
temperature
reaction with aqueous
potassium iodide
A
brown
gas
no reaction
B
brown
liquid
iodine displaced
C
yellow
gas
iodine displaced
D
yellow
liquid
no reaction
19. Group I metals are also known as the Alkali Metals.
Which statement about the metals in Group I is not correct?
A
In their reactions they lose electrons.
B
Their atoms all have one electron in their outer shell.
C
They form +1 ions in their reactions with non-metals.
D
They form covalent compounds by sharing electrons.
20.. Which element will be less reactive than the other members of its group in the Periodic Table?
A
astatine
B
caesium
C
fluorine
D
rubidium
21. Bromine is in Group VII on the Periodic Table.
Which describes the appearance of bromine at room temperature?
A
grey solid
B
purple fumes
C
red-brown liquid
D
yellow gas
10
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