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SCHAGRIN- AP US- Reform Analysis

AP US History- The Great Awakening and Antebellum Reform
Predict:​ ​ What do you think contributed to the explosion of religion known as the Second Great
Awakening which reached its high point in the 1830s and 40s? The refusal of the enlightenment
Watch the following Khan Academy video:​ ​The Second Great Awakening - reform and religious
Take notes on the following impacts of the Great Awakening as you watch.
New Religious Movements
Lots of religious experimentation that
resulted in a lot of new religions
People started to believe everyone can
have a connection to god
Mormons, Onida, Shaker all came forth
during the 2nd Great Awakening
Reform Movements
Temperance movement, no alcohol
supported by women
Abolitionist movement, anti slavery
largely started here. Everyone had the
right to religion, including slaves
Use your textbook and the primary sources to complete the following sections:
Second Great Awakening,​ Read: Revivalism Morality and Order on pg. 322
1. Write a complex sentence for ​Second Great Awakening.
The Second Great Awakening was a religious movement us the US where many people were led to
adopt religion into their own lives. It was significant because it led to the abolitionist movement, which
later freed the slaves.
SOURCE: Charles Finney, revivalist minister, ​Lectures on the Revivals of Religion​, 1835.
There is so little principle in the church, so little firmness and stability of purpose, that unless the
religious feelings are awakened and kept excited, counter worldly feeling and excitement will prevail,
and men will not obey God . . . The state of the world is still such, and probably will be till the
millennium is fully come, that religion must be mainly promoted by means of revivals . . .
When the churches are thus awakened and reformed, the reformation and salvation of sinners will
follow . . . Very often the most abandoned profligates are among the subjects. Harlots, and drunkards,
and infidels, and all sorts of abandoned characters, are awakened and converted. The worst part of
human society are softened, and reclaimed, and made to appear as lovely specimens of the beauty of
2. According to Finney, why is religion important?
Religion is important because your life purpose is next to none without religion and without it you lack
motivation to do anything.
3. How does Finney suggest that revivals can have a larger social impact on America?
Temperance Movement,​Read: The Temperance Crusade on pg. 323
He says that revivals can have the positive effect of making people in society “better” in the eyes of
most people, like making less drunkards.
4. Why was alcohol such a problem in antebellum America?
It was bad for the household as husbands would spend necessary money for the family on alcohol. It
was also responsible for an increase in crime rate, disorderly conduct, and increased poverty.
5. Who were the biggest advocates of temperance and why?
Women and wives to be more exact because they had to deal with drunk spouses all the time. This was
because they would spend money on alcohol rather than provide for the family.
SOURCE: ​The Drunkard's Progress,​ 1846 Lithograph by Nathaniel Currier.
6. What is the purpose of The Drunkard’s Progress source and why is it significant?
It’s to show ppl the bad side of alcoholism and how easy it is to get hooked onto it. Additionally, it also
tells families that they will be let down if the man of the house does become an alcoholic. Significant vc
it showed how successful and how strong the temperance movement was.
Reform for Women, ​Read: The Emergence of Feminism on pg. 327
7. What roles did women play in reform, and what barriers did they face?
In reform they were often the center of them. Two of the most notable were the temperance
movement and the anti-slavery movement. One of the largest barriers they expressed they had to
bypass was the male-dominated society they had to live in whilst trying to push these things out to the
Source: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions,” 1848.
We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; and they are
endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers
from the consent of the governed. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these
ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the
institution of a new government . . . When a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably
the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw
off such government and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient
sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains
them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled.
The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward
woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let
facts be submitted to a candid world.
8. What is the purpose of the Declaration of Sentiments and why is it significant?
To give men and women all the same rights men have during this time.
9. Why do you think the Declaration of Sentiments is modeled after the Declaration of
It’s modeled after the Dec. of Independence bc it shows that women want all the same rights, rather
than just listing specific ones they want or having to rewrite it.
The Abolition Movement, ​Read: The Crusade Against Slavery on pg. 331-335
10. Write a complex sentence for ​American Colonization Society.
The American Colonization Society was a group of abolitionists who attempted to remove slaves from
America adn send them back to their homes in small amounts at a time. This is significant in the story of
abolition bc it shows America’s first actual action towards ridding America of slavery.
11. Write a complex sentence for ​Wiliam Lloyd Garrison.
William Lloyg Garrison was a forerunner for the abolitionist movement and was a radical abolitionist.
Significant because he helped emancipate the slaves.
"The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" –Frederick Douglass, July 4​th​ (1852)
Fellow Citizens, I am not wanting in respect for the fathers of this republic. The signers of the
Declaration of Independence were brave men. They were great men, too great enough to give frame
to a great age. It does not often happen to a nation to raise, at one time, such a number of truly great
men. The point from which I am compelled to view them is not, certainly, the most favorable; and yet
I cannot contemplate their great deeds with less than admiration. They were statesmen, patriots and
heroes, and for the good they did, and the principles they contended for, I will unite with you to
honor their memory....
...Fellow-citizens, pardon me, allow me to ask, why am I called upon to speak here to-day? What have
I, or those I represent, to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political
freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? And
am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the
benefits and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us?
Would to God, both for your sakes and ours, that an affirmative answer could be truthfully returned
to these questions! Then would my task be light, and my burden easy and delightful. For who is there
so cold, that a nation's sympathy could not warm him? Who so obdurate and dead to the claims of
gratitude, that would not thankfully acknowledge such priceless benefits? Who so stolid and selfish,
that would not give his voice to swell the hallelujahs of a nation's jubilee, when the chains of servitude
had been torn from his limbs? I am not that man. In a case like that, the dumb might eloquently
speak, and the "lame man leap as an hart."
But such is not the state of the case. I say it with a sad sense of the disparity between us. I am not
included within the pale of glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the
immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in
common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity and independence, bequeathed by your
fathers, is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought light and healing to you, has brought
stripes and death to me. This Fourth July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a
man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and call upon him to join you in joyous
anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking
me to speak to-day?
12. Who do you think is the audience of Douglass’ speech and why is that significant?
The citizens of America and the president of the anti-slavery society. This is significant because he is
attacking at the source which is unheard of for a colored person, revolutionary.
13. What do you know about Frederick Douglass’ point of view?
It’s right in my mind and he makes very good points
Read: Abolitionism Divided on pg. 333
14. What caused division in the abolition movement?
Anti-abolitionists consisted of many southern whites and some whites in the North. Caused because the
abolition of slavery would ruin their livelyhood as plantation owners.