AP US History- The Great Awakening and Antebellum Reform Predict: What do you think contributed to the explosion of religion known as the Second Great Awakening which reached its high point in the 1830s and 40s? The refusal of the enlightenment Watch the following Khan Academy video: The Second Great Awakening - reform and religious movements Take notes on the following impacts of the Great Awakening as you watch. New Religious Movements - Lots of religious experimentation that resulted in a lot of new religions People started to believe everyone can have a connection to god Mormons, Onida, Shaker all came forth during the 2nd Great Awakening Reform Movements - Temperance movement, no alcohol supported by women Abolitionist movement, anti slavery largely started here. Everyone had the right to religion, including slaves Use your textbook and the primary sources to complete the following sections: Second Great Awakening, Read: Revivalism Morality and Order on pg. 322 1. Write a complex sentence for Second Great Awakening. The Second Great Awakening was a religious movement us the US where many people were led to adopt religion into their own lives. It was significant because it led to the abolitionist movement, which later freed the slaves. SOURCE: Charles Finney, revivalist minister, Lectures on the Revivals of Religion, 1835. There is so little principle in the church, so little firmness and stability of purpose, that unless the religious feelings are awakened and kept excited, counter worldly feeling and excitement will prevail, and men will not obey God . . . The state of the world is still such, and probably will be till the millennium is fully come, that religion must be mainly promoted by means of revivals . . . When the churches are thus awakened and reformed, the reformation and salvation of sinners will follow . . . Very often the most abandoned profligates are among the subjects. Harlots, and drunkards, and infidels, and all sorts of abandoned characters, are awakened and converted. The worst part of human society are softened, and reclaimed, and made to appear as lovely specimens of the beauty of holiness. 2. According to Finney, why is religion important? Religion is important because your life purpose is next to none without religion and without it you lack motivation to do anything. 3. How does Finney suggest that revivals can have a larger social impact on America? Temperance Movement,Read: The Temperance Crusade on pg. 323 He says that revivals can have the positive effect of making people in society “better” in the eyes of most people, like making less drunkards. 4. Why was alcohol such a problem in antebellum America? It was bad for the household as husbands would spend necessary money for the family on alcohol. It was also responsible for an increase in crime rate, disorderly conduct, and increased poverty. 5. Who were the biggest advocates of temperance and why? Women and wives to be more exact because they had to deal with drunk spouses all the time. This was because they would spend money on alcohol rather than provide for the family. SOURCE: The Drunkard's Progress, 1846 Lithograph by Nathaniel Currier. 6. What is the purpose of The Drunkard’s Progress source and why is it significant? It’s to show ppl the bad side of alcoholism and how easy it is to get hooked onto it. Additionally, it also tells families that they will be let down if the man of the house does become an alcoholic. Significant vc it showed how successful and how strong the temperance movement was. Reform for Women, Read: The Emergence of Feminism on pg. 327 7. What roles did women play in reform, and what barriers did they face? In reform they were often the center of them. Two of the most notable were the temperance movement and the anti-slavery movement. One of the largest barriers they expressed they had to bypass was the male-dominated society they had to live in whilst trying to push these things out to the public. Source: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, “Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions,” 1848. We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; and they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these ends, it is the right of those who suffer from it to refuse allegiance to it, and to insist upon the institution of a new government . . . When a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their duty to throw off such government and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of the women under this government, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to demand the equal station to which they are entitled. The history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. 8. What is the purpose of the Declaration of Sentiments and why is it significant? To give men and women all the same rights men have during this time. 9. Why do you think the Declaration of Sentiments is modeled after the Declaration of Independence? It’s modeled after the Dec. of Independence bc it shows that women want all the same rights, rather than just listing specific ones they want or having to rewrite it. The Abolition Movement, Read: The Crusade Against Slavery on pg. 331-335 10. Write a complex sentence for American Colonization Society. The American Colonization Society was a group of abolitionists who attempted to remove slaves from America adn send them back to their homes in small amounts at a time. This is significant in the story of abolition bc it shows America’s first actual action towards ridding America of slavery. 11. Write a complex sentence for Wiliam Lloyd Garrison. William Lloyg Garrison was a forerunner for the abolitionist movement and was a radical abolitionist. Significant because he helped emancipate the slaves. "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" –Frederick Douglass, July 4th (1852) Fellow Citizens, I am not wanting in respect for the fathers of this republic. The signers of the Declaration of Independence were brave men. They were great men, too great enough to give frame to a great age. It does not often happen to a nation to raise, at one time, such a number of truly great men. The point from which I am compelled to view them is not, certainly, the most favorable; and yet I cannot contemplate their great deeds with less than admiration. They were statesmen, patriots and heroes, and for the good they did, and the principles they contended for, I will unite with you to honor their memory.... ...Fellow-citizens, pardon me, allow me to ask, why am I called upon to speak here to-day? What have I, or those I represent, to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us? And am I, therefore, called upon to bring our humble offering to the national altar, and to confess the benefits and express devout gratitude for the blessings resulting from your independence to us? Would to God, both for your sakes and ours, that an affirmative answer could be truthfully returned to these questions! Then would my task be light, and my burden easy and delightful. For who is there so cold, that a nation's sympathy could not warm him? Who so obdurate and dead to the claims of gratitude, that would not thankfully acknowledge such priceless benefits? Who so stolid and selfish, that would not give his voice to swell the hallelujahs of a nation's jubilee, when the chains of servitude had been torn from his limbs? I am not that man. In a case like that, the dumb might eloquently speak, and the "lame man leap as an hart." But such is not the state of the case. I say it with a sad sense of the disparity between us. I am not included within the pale of glorious anniversary! Your high independence only reveals the immeasurable distance between us. The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in common. The rich inheritance of justice, liberty, prosperity and independence, bequeathed by your fathers, is shared by you, not by me. The sunlight that brought light and healing to you, has brought stripes and death to me. This Fourth July is yours, not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn. To drag a man in fetters into the grand illuminated temple of liberty, and call upon him to join you in joyous anthems, were inhuman mockery and sacrilegious irony. Do you mean, citizens, to mock me, by asking me to speak to-day? 12. Who do you think is the audience of Douglass’ speech and why is that significant? The citizens of America and the president of the anti-slavery society. This is significant because he is attacking at the source which is unheard of for a colored person, revolutionary. 13. What do you know about Frederick Douglass’ point of view? It’s right in my mind and he makes very good points Read: Abolitionism Divided on pg. 333 14. What caused division in the abolition movement? Anti-abolitionists consisted of many southern whites and some whites in the North. Caused because the abolition of slavery would ruin their livelyhood as plantation owners.