Uploaded by Sci 1B - Kaira Latayan

Latayan BSES25 Act1 09-21-20

Republic of the Philippines
Carmona Campus
Market Road, Carmona, Cavite
(046) 4303509/cvsu.carmonacampus@gmail.com
Name: Kaira M. Latayan
Course/Year/Section: BSE SCI 1B
Date: September 21, 2020
Instructor: Ms. Delos Santos
Question: Based on a relevant source, compare and contrast metric system and English
system of measurements.
Metric system was adopted in France in year 1795. It was invented by scientists
and designed to fit their needs. While the English system originated from the British empire
and it is also known as the “imperial system” and occurred when people started using their
body parts and common household items as their measuring tools. In the U.S. they use the
English or Standard System, and most of the rest of the world uses the Metric or International
System of Units (SI). Metric system and English system are both used to measure length,
weight and capacity and both have standards used for the exact quantities that everyone
agrees to use as a basis of comparison.
The metric system was designed to be simple, it follows the decimal number system
where each metric unit increases or decreases in size either by multiplying or dividing by
factors of 10. You only have to move the decimal to point to left, for larger prefixes and right
for smaller prefixes to get the conversion unit. When making measurements of all kinds, it is
only necessary to know a few metric units. In all, there are only 7 base units in this system of
measurement, it is much easier to remember.
Compared to the English system that has twenty base units found in the inch-pound
system of measurement. It uses units that have no predictable relationship to each other. For
example, there are 2 cups in a pint, but 4 quarts in a gallon. There are 16 ounces in a pound,
but 2000 pounds in a ton. To convert units, you divide or multiple according to the relationship
between the two given units.