Republic of the Philippines CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY Carmona Campus Market Road, Carmona, Cavite (046) firstname.lastname@example.org www.cvsu.edu.ph ACTIVITY #1 ESSAY Name: Kaira M. Latayan Course/Year/Section: BSE SCI 1B Date: September 21, 2020 Instructor: Ms. Delos Santos Question: Based on a relevant source, compare and contrast metric system and English system of measurements. Metric system was adopted in France in year 1795. It was invented by scientists and designed to fit their needs. While the English system originated from the British empire and it is also known as the “imperial system” and occurred when people started using their body parts and common household items as their measuring tools. In the U.S. they use the English or Standard System, and most of the rest of the world uses the Metric or International System of Units (SI). Metric system and English system are both used to measure length, weight and capacity and both have standards used for the exact quantities that everyone agrees to use as a basis of comparison. The metric system was designed to be simple, it follows the decimal number system where each metric unit increases or decreases in size either by multiplying or dividing by factors of 10. You only have to move the decimal to point to left, for larger prefixes and right for smaller prefixes to get the conversion unit. When making measurements of all kinds, it is only necessary to know a few metric units. In all, there are only 7 base units in this system of measurement, it is much easier to remember. Compared to the English system that has twenty base units found in the inch-pound system of measurement. It uses units that have no predictable relationship to each other. For example, there are 2 cups in a pint, but 4 quarts in a gallon. There are 16 ounces in a pound, but 2000 pounds in a ton. To convert units, you divide or multiple according to the relationship between the two given units. Sources: https://mathbitsnotebook.com/Algebra1/Units/UNMetricEnglish.html#:~:text=Conversion%2 0Ratio%20(or%20Unit%20Factor,gives%20the%20needed%20conversion%20ratio.