Building Services Fire Extinguisher SUBMITTED BY: VAIBHAV MUDGAL B.ARCH 3RD YEAR IDEAL SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE What is Fire Extinguisher ? • A Fire extinguisher is a device which can be used to control a fire. Fire extinguishers can help remove the fire, and may stop it from burning. Things to remember before installation of fire extinguishers. • • • • • • Brass Valve Chrome Plated Heavy duty BIS Approved CE Certified. Maintenance should be done as per IS 2190:2010 Must Check the color band according to need. Extinguisher/ Equipments must be according to guidelines given by concerned disaster authority. Types of fire extinguisher Water • Water extinguishers are for Class A fires only. • The discharge stream could spread the flammable liquid in a Class B fire or could create a shock hazard on a Class C fire. • Color Band- Black • Easy and No Maintenance and Service. • Can not be used on electrical fires. • Used in- Schools / Theaters, Apartments, Office, Textile / Wood Industry, Warehouses Carbon Dioxide • • • • • Carbon dioxide can be used on Class B & C fires. They are usually ineffective on Class A fires. Color Band- Black Features- Colorless, Odorless Used in -Rail Yards / Warehouses Construction Sites,Airports,Electrical Substation, Meter Room,DG Room,Power Sector. A B C Type Dry Powder • ABC or Multi-Purpose extinguishers comprise of a special fluidized and siliconized mono ammonium phosphate dry chemical • It is use for Class A fires and breaks the chain reaction of Class B fires • Easy and More Economical to Maintain and Service • Used in- Homes, Offices, Buildings, Warehouses, Cinema halls. • Color Band- Blue • Capacity-1-9kg Dry Powder • Dry Chemical powder extinguishers utilize a specially siliconized Sodium Bicarbonate. • It insulates class B , C fires by forming a cloud and cutting off the oxygen supply. • Used in- Homes / Offices,Buildings,Warehouses,Pump Room, Refinery • Color band- Blue • Capacity- 4kg-9kg Foam Based Extinguisher • Foam has the ability to form an aqueous film which quickly over water-insoluble hydrocarbon fuel surfaces causing rapid fire extinguishment and vapour suppression for class B fires. • Also it provides excellent penetrating and wetting qualities when used on class A fires. • Foam extinguishers are ideal for fires involving volatile liquids and freely burning materials such as lubricant, oil fires, paper, cloth, wood, etc. • Only for fighting class A and B fire. • Easy and Maintenance and Service. • Do not use on electrical fires. • Used in-Paints, Lubricants, Chemical Industry, Oil Fire/Refinery, Kitchen/Restaurant, Boiler Room. • Color Band- Yellow Clean Agent Fire Extinguisher • CLEAN AGENT replaces Halon 1211 as the agent-of-choice for applications where the agent must be clean, electrically nonconductive, environment-friendly, extremely low in toxicity and exceptionally effective. • Suitable for Class A, B and C fires. • Low Global Warming Potential. • Low Ozone Depletion Potential. • Short Atmospheric Lifetime • Useful for- Computer Rooms / Laboratories, Essential Communication Area, Server-data Room / Telecommunications, Aerospace- Warehouse, Hospitals - Medical Equipment's, Sensitive Expensive Equipment. • Color Band- Green Other Fire Extinguisher • Sand Bucket • Water Bucket Fire Fighting Equipment Stand posts: • Standpipes for Fire Brigade use available with Aluminium/ copper/ G.I. provided with Instantenous/ threaded Inlet and Outlets. • Made up of Aluminium/ Copper/ G.I. Pipe. Gunmetal/ Al. alloy Inlet/ Outlet. • Sizes : 2½", 4" • Item Description : Fire Hydrant Stand Pipe Double outlet, having 63mm Female Round Thread / Female Inst.Inlet & 2 nos. 63mm Female Inst.Outlet used for Under ground Fire Hydrant Valve Standposts • Standposts for mounting of Hydrants/ monitors in Firewater systems. Welded Construction. • Builders using M.S. Pipe to IS:1239 class C, M.S. Flanges as per IS:226 • Outlet : Swivel head/ female Instantaneous. • Sizes : 3", 4", 6" • Item Description : MS Double Stand Post 100mm NB flanged Inlet & 2 nos. 80mm NB flanged outlet for mounting 2 nos. single outlet Fire Hydrant Valve Fire Sprinklers • Sprinkler is thermo-sensitive quarzoid liquid glassbulb burst actuated type and be standard products. • All sprinklers is brass castings polished / chrome OR white (polyester) unless stated otherwise and rated for 12.0 KG/CM2 WG and factory tested for 34.0 KG/CM2. Sprinklers is pendant OR side wall type as specified and shown on drawings.