Lesson 1: Seeking to Know More about Myself SUBTOPICS: FOLLOWING AND GIVING INSTRUCTIONS WRITING A PERSONAL ESSAY USING INVERTED WORD ORDER TO ADD EMPHASIS CONDUCTING A SURVEY FOLLOWING AND GIVING INSTRUCTIONS • An important life skill • help you accomplish things more easily and correctly • helps you avoid serious, costly, or even harmful consequences STEPS IN FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS 1. Take down notes. 2. Keep your eyes open for gestures/ demonstrations/ visual aids. 3. Clarify instructions. THINGS TO REMEMBER WHEN GIVING INSTRUCTIONS • Make sure to give complete instructions. • Use words that are easy to understand. • Practice your delivery. • Use visual aids. Writing a Personal Essay • A creative non-fiction based on personal experience or opinion STEPS IN WRITING PERSONAL ESSAY • PREWRITING • WRITING • POST- WRITING PREWRITING • List down possible topics or experiences that you want to write about. • Choose the topic that you think you can write well about. • The topic should be a good topic for a personal essay WRITING • Introduction - develop a “hook” ~ an attention- grabbing statement or question that will allow you to have a good transition throughout your essay. • Body - the meat of the essay - explanation, thoughts, opinions about the topic • Conclusion - what do you want the readers to learn from your essay POST- WRITING • Proofread for any work errors in spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and grammar Grammarly.com • Edit for any errors in composition and organization • Make sure that all contents are connected to one another. Tasks 1. Research a particular procedure which you can discuss in class. It can be a recipe, origami, or DIY procedures. Assume the role of an expert when you explain/ demonstrate the steps or when giving instructions. Video yourself while giving the instructions of the particular topic/ procedure. The duration of the video must not be more than 5 minutes. Wear your school uniform in doing this activity. Use the English language in giving instructions. 2. Send the video to :firstname.lastname@example.org subject: (Full Name, Video on Giving Instructions) 3. EDITING OF VIDEOS IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED. 4. Videos must be submitted within class schedule (until 11:45 A.M today) Start of presentation QUICK REVIEW: Parts of a Sentence Complete subject Complete predicate Example: This present generation is faced with many challenges. Take a look at this next example: Faced with many challenges is this present generation. Using Inverted Word Order • A pattern observed when auxiliary verb, main verb, or both come before the subject • is used to show emphasis In written English, as well as in a very formal style, inversion can be used in the following cases : After negative adverbial expressions : Under no circumstances can we accept credit cards. In no way can he be held responsible. At no time did she say she would come. At no point was the price mentioned. Not until I heard my name did I believe I had won the race. After adverbial expressions of place : Round the corner came the postman. On the doorstep was a bunch of flowers. After 'seldom', 'rarely', 'never', and 'little‘ •Seldom have I seen such a beautiful view. •Rarely did he pay anyone a compliment. •Never had I felt so happy. •Little did he imagine how dangerous it would be. After 'hardly', 'scarcely', 'barely', 'no sooner', when one thing happens after another. •Hardly had I begun to speak when I was interrupted. •Scarcely had we started our meal when the phone rang. •Barely had they finished the match when the rain started to fall. •No sooner had I arrived than they all started to argue. - Note that hardly, scarcely and barely are followed by when. - No sooner is followed by than. After adverbial expressions beginning with 'only' and 'not only': •Only after the meeting did I realize the importance of the subject. •Only when the plane landed safely did he calm down. •Not only was the car slow, it was also very uncomfortable. Conditionals with inversions In conditional sentences we can sometimes replace the 'if' with an inversion: •If I had known it would be so difficult I would never have enrolled. •Had I known it would be so difficult I would never have enrolled. After exclamations with 'here' and 'there' •Here comes the winner! •There goes all our money! With verbs of reporting such as 'say' or 'ask' in direct speech:“ •I love you" said Harry. •"How far is it?" asked the passenger. 1. After negative adverbial expressions 2. After adverbial expressions of place 3. After 'hardly', 'scarcely', 'barely', 'no sooner', when one thing happens after another. 4. After 'seldom', 'rarely', 'never', and 'little‘ 5. After adverbial expressions beginning with 'only' and 'not only' 6. Conditionals with inversions 7. After exclamations with 'here' and 'there' 8. With verbs of reporting such as 'say' or 'ask' in direct speech TASK: Write a two- minute dialogue between three friends using the inverted word order.