Relative/adjective clause: Choose the correct options to complete the sentences. 1. The scouts in my school were sure to visit the flooded town, the condition ---- was not known. where of which whose that in which 2. My sister Ann had always wanted to go to a place ---- she could speak her native tongue. which whom whose where for which 3. Human food may be very harmful for some animals, ---- is why they won't let us feed the animals at the zoo. that why when whom which 4. I am from a suburb in Chicago, ---- many successful companies such as Boeing and McDonald's are headquartered. whose in which why who for which 5. The 19th century artist, ---- name I could not remember, was one of the best I had ever seen. which whose that who whom 6. Marine excavation is a race not only against time and the sea but also the looters --- want history's treasures for themselves. which whom when where who 7. He came for the weekend wearing only so me shorts and a T-shirt, ---- was a stupid thing to do in such a cold weather. what that where which whom 8. Virginia, ---- is said to be quite beautiful, is the home of many senators and representatives now. that where in which which who 9. Crossing Death Valley, ---- temperatures reach well above 110 Fahrenheit, was a near insurmountable task for the early pioneers. that where when whom which Adverb clause is a dependent clause that describes a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. Adverb clauses at the beginning of a sentence: Once they throw you out, you can’t go back. When they went to the zoo, she saw an elephant for the first time in her life. Because she loved him, she was extremely forgiving. Adverb clauses at the end of a sentence: We canceled the trip because the weather has gotten worse. Turn the TV off so that we can eat our dinner. The show will start after the sun goes down. Adverb clauses in the middle of a sentence: Chocolate, because it melts at low temperatures, can be tricky to bake with. Bob, after he bought his new boat, was rarely seen at home. Jack, although it was chilly, was only wearing a t-shirt. Practicing Adverb Clauses Choose the correct answer. A. Until B. Whenever C. Whereas D. For 2. A. As soon as A. Because B. The first time B. Only if A. was listening B. listen A. The next time B. Now that C. When C. Even though C. listening C. After D. Now that D. So D. having listen D. Until A. for B. so A. upon moving A. I am trying A. since C. because B. I moving B. having tried B. unless C. if D. yet C. moving C. I try D. I move D. trying D. whereas A. Having B. Being A. I told B. told C. telling D. having told A. Having B. Since C. Once D. Because A. Because B. So that C. Because C. Now that D. Upon D. Therefore A. consequently B. so A. Consequently A. and C. so that B. Because B. because of D. for C. So that C. so D. For D. due to the fact that before, after, whenever, while, until 1. I saw a stranded dolphin I was walking down the beach. A： before B： after D: while E: until C: F: 2. We had better wait here under the tree A： before B： after D: while E: until 3. I promise, I will call you soon whenever as soon as the rain slows down a bit. C: F: whenever as soon as we get there. A： before B： after D: while E: until C: F: whenever as soon as as soon as 4. We'd better start our hike back to camp A： before B： after D: while E: until it gets dark. C: whenever F: as soon as 5. Don't forget to brush your teeth you go to sleep. A： before B： after C: D: while E: until 6. I will let you know whenever F: as soon as I get any information about your promotion. A： before B： after D: while E: until 7. I prefer to drive C: whenever F: as soon as I have a chance to travel. A： before B： after D: while E: until C: whenever F: as soon as 8. I didn't know about the accident I talked to Sam. A： before B： after C: D: while E: until 17. I feel much better F: as soon as taking a shower. A： before B： after D: while E: until 18. Finish your homework C: whenever F: as soon as going to bed. A： before B： after D: while E: 19. The lights went out whenever until C: F: whenever as soon as I was trying to fix the computer. A： before B： after D: while E: until 20. We are not leaving anywhere C: F: whenever as soon as everything is sorted out. A： before B： after D: while E: until Noun clause the subject, 主语 direct object 直宾 indirect object, 间宾 object of a preposition, 介宾 predicate noun 表语 appositive. 同位语 C: F: whenever as soon as Subject: What I had forgotten was that I had a test today. Direct object: You must choose which flavor of ice cream you want. I will tell whoever will listen my frightening story. Object of a preposition: Josie is not interested in whatever Kyle says. predicate: Michael's excuse was that he had forgotten to set his alarm. Appositive: The fact that we were late to class really upset the teacher. 1) Do you know where your father is? Do you know where is your father? 2) We all asked when you assigned that. We all asked when did you assign that. Identify each noun clause. Is it used as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object, an object of a preposition, a predicate , or an appositive ? 1. You know that the telephone uses electricity. 2. What you say into a phone creates sound waves. 3. An electric current carries the sound to whoever is listening. 4. Basically, this is how a telephone operates. 5. You can talk to whomever you like and say whatever you think. 6. Campaign workers use whatever helps them. 7. That telephones can be very helpful has been shown in many elections. 8. Who will win the election is what people want to know.