UNIT 4.1 ASSIGNMENT HIGHER SPORTS LEADER – DUE 27TH SEPT 2019 NAME = ________KYLE DONNELLY_____________________ How many points can you score? 9 points = describe the benefits of taking part in PA for children 12 points = describe 2 psychological barriers and how to overcome them 12 points = describe 2 social barriers and how to overcome them 48 points = detailing 3 linked pathways for 2 different sporting activities 20 points = Analyse the link between experiences of sport and physical activity in childhood and lifelong participation habits. Total = possible 101 A LIST OF SOME EXAMPLES OF THE POSITIVE EFFECTS OF TAKING PART IN PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR CHILDREN Physiological Psychological Social Increases co-ordination Increases your quality and length of sleep Spend time with your family or friends Increases accuracy Increases your alertness/concentration levels Increase your feeling of belonging (inclusion) Increases your muscle tone Increases your self esteem/confidence Increases your ability to communicate Increases skill level/ physical ability to do something Increases positive habit formation (active for life) Increases your ability to work as a team/cooperate Decreases body fat (helps maintain healthy body weight Increases you motivation Increases your support network (people who can help you) Increases muscle endurance Increases your mood – decreases stress Increases the use of local facilities Good habits form (active for life) BENEFITS TO CHILDREN Example 1: As children develop, they need to gain good Describe the positive effects of taking part in Physical Activity for Children (you have to give at least 3 examples) nb. NOT LIST/bullet points! postural control in order to be able to sit in school and write at a desk. Taking part in exercise helps them to develop muscle tone which helps them to sit for longer. This will help them continue to focus and concentrate for longer periods of time, thus learning more. Example 2: As you grown up, you get more opportunities to do things. Taking part in physical activity will help children to develop a basic physical Skill vocabulary (be able to throw and catch, kick, skip and move their bodies). This will help increase their confidence to join in with more activities, helping them to have access to more fun and enjoyment, helping them to stay or become happier. BENEFITS TO CHILDREN – YOUR TURN………. Describe the positive effects of taking part in Physical Activity for Children (you have to give at least 3 examples) nb. NOT LIST/bullet points! But in PARAGRAPH FORMAT Score out of 9: 3 points per example Example 1: If you partake in physical activity as a child, it has a high chance of setting you up with good, healthy habits you can use for the rest of your life.You can use these habits to help you live a healthy and possibly longer life, but you can also use these habits to helps other people live better lifestyles. Example 2: As you grow up doing sport you increase your levels of confidence and this can help in many different aspects of your life. For instance, you can be a more outspoken person if you have high confidence and there wont be a lot that you believe can hold you back. Example 3: This can also help the social aspects of your life. For example, being active in sport can help your levels of communication and your ability to cooperate and work as a team. It can also help your social network and build more trust in the people around you. TAKE PHOTOGRAPHS OF OUR A3 SUGAR PAPER RESOURCES There are 4 x A3 sugar paper help sheets that will help you to identify the barriers and ways to overcome them as well as progressive pathways and links between childhood experiences and lifelong positive habits. Please feel free to meet with Active schools, KA leisure, the PE department, coaches and members of the public to help you with this task. Its all about independent learning and taking the initiative to prove yourself as a Higher Sports leader. DESCRIBE A PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 1: Low confidence (Very shy) WHAT, HOW and WHEN Describe: If a child is very shy and low in confidence, he/she may not want to join in to the same extent as others. This may result in them refusing to speak to anyone or leave their parents side to go in a join an activity. This often happens when they are faced with a strange face or an unfamiliar acitivity. The WHY of the WHAT Overcoming Barrier 1: Low confidence (Very shy) Explain: By having taster sessions where you ‘bring a friend for free’ this allows for a less confident/shy person to join in by coming along with a familiar face. Alternatively coaches going into the school for a ‘Give it a Go’ taster session, means that you are going to a very familiar setting to create a bond/introduce a skill set which might help encourage that child to come along to an unfamiliar setting to further develop their new skills/new relationship. DESCRIBE A PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 1: Self image (Weight, shape) Describe: If a child is embarrassed about their personal image, they may not want to partake in their class activities in P.E. This can effect both their physical health and their mental health. Score out of 6: 3 The WHY of points per the WHAT box WHAT, HOW and WHEN Overcoming Barrier 1: Self Image (Weight, shape) Explain: By using games and warm-ups that are not too physically challenging, the child may be able to come out their shell and begin to cooperate with the class more. Use motivational words and do not single them out or use them for demonstrations. Let them be involved but not be the centre of attention. These games should include team games so the child doesn’t need to be on their own. DESCRIBE A PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 2: Mental health issue (Depression, anxiety etc.) Describe: Having a mental health issue could have quite a strong negative impact on their physical and social performance. If they suffer from the likes of anxiety, they might not be willing to participate, scared to talk to teammates, or quite difficult for a teacher to control. Score out of 6: 3 points per box The WHY of the WHAT WHAT, HOW and WHEN Overcoming Barrier 2: Mental health issue (Depression, anxiety etc.) Explain: The child should be reminded that they are in a safe, non-judgemental environment and should be encouraged to join in the activity. Try and give them extra praise and motivation to make sure they don’t feel like they’re not good enough. Communicate with respect, and try to not push them too much. If the child gets too emotional they might experience some sort of panic attack, so always make sure you are both always calm. DESCRIBE A SOCIAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 1: Young Carer whose Time is not their own Describe: If a child is caring or helping care for a family member they are classed as a young carer. This means they don’t have access to the same amount of FREE time as their peers. These children lose out a lot when it comes to playing sport or taking part in physical activity. The WHY of the WHAT WHAT, HOW and WHEN Overcoming Barrier 1: Young Carer whose time is not their own Explain: By having a Young Carers club that provides alternative care for a few hours every week to allow the child to go off and do what they like. This gives the young carer back some control over their own lives and the choices they would like to make. If the Young carers club links in with the local leisure facilities, their could be Try a Sport sessions running at the same times as the club provision or they could receive discounted access during this time. DESCRIBE A SOCIAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 1: Not a very popular child Describe: The child perhaps doesn’t have anyone to work with in a team game because they do not have a lot of friends. Perhaps they are new to the school, or just not very well known/liked. Score out of 6: 3 points per box The WHY of the WHAT WHAT, HOW and WHEN Overcoming Barrier 1: Explain: You should plan your lesson accordingly, use team building exercises to help them participate with their peers. If the other pupils in their group are welcoming them in and not excluding them, then think about keeping them in that group for further lessons. If not, and the child is being excluded from the other kids, explain to the rest of the group that they need to let the child participate. If this doesn’t work, consider moving them to a different group. DESCRIBE A SOCIAL BARRIER FOR CHILDREN AND EXPLAIN HOW TO OVERCOME IT Barrier 2: Lack of transport/ methods of travel for child Describe: If a child has no way to get to their activity, perhaps due to lack of driving family members or they could live in an awkward place in their town. This could stop them from coming altogether thus limiting the amount of exercise the child can partake in. Score out of 6: 3 points per box The WHY of the WHAT WHAT, HOW and WHEN Overcoming Barrier 2: Lack of transport/ methods of travel for child Explain: The school could begin to offer after school buses too and from school/their homes for the children unable to go. This not only helps the children enjoy their physical activity with their friends, but it also eases the minds of the parents who now don’t need to worry about picking up/ dropping off their kids, especially if the families have any kind of trouble getting out the house. DESCRIBE STRATEGIES WHICH COULD INCREASE PARTICIPATION LEVELS – THINK PATHWAYS FOR ONE ACTIVITY? School based: What: Gymnastics When: Thursday 3-4pm Where: Garnock Community Campus Gymnastics Hall 1 Who: Miss Docherty and open to S1-S6 pupils How much?: Free Free club offered to all levels for recreation and competition level gymnasts and parkour enthusiasts. Local community initiatives What: Irvine Bay Gymnastics Club (IBGC) When: Call 01294 276834 for times and days specific to your ability level Where: The Flipside , 20 Quarry Road, Irvine KA120TH Who:Various ages/abilities contact - Irvinebaygc.co.uk How much: please call the number above to obtain cost. Part of British Gymnastics offering a wide array of gymnastic disciplines form Acro to Free style and tumbling from tots to adults. Everyone welcome at all levels. National projects or initiatives: What: Gymnastics National competition - Scottish Schools Championships When: 28th March 2019 Where: Perth (Bells Sports Centre Who: for anyone that qualifies via their school club (Level 1- level 3 for both primary and secondary) How much: £25 per team of 4 Annual gymnastics competition that can be used as a motivational tool for school club or local community clubs to strive towards. DESCRIBE STRATEGIES WHICH COULD INCREASE PARTICIPATION LEVELS – THINK WHAT’S HAPPENING IN OUR SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY? School based: • • • • • • • • Clubs are advertised in the daily bulletin at the beginning of the year Each CORE PE activity has a club linked to it – PE teachers advertise when they deliver that activity. Active schools coordinator ensures good relationships and encourages kids to attend clubs that are organised within the cluster. Pupils are encouraged to start up their own club if they have enough friends and can get a teacher to supervise. School trips and club news is advertised in the Daily Bulletin. The PE department have the Sports Dinner and Sports Awards Nights. The PE department have annual inter-house tournaments and Sports days to help encourage starting up or challenging yourself within the school There are school based competitions and leagues in house and against local schools (Community) and against schools nationwide (National) Local community initiatives • • • • • Local community trusts have a committee which get together to organise events. (Corey Cup) Local community centres and leisure clubs make money from encouraging participation. (Sharks Swim nights) Active schools links to the wider community by working in partnership with community groups/people. (Active schools leagues) Local businesses (Boxing Gym and Dance schools) advertise events and recruitment by word of mouth or through local radio or media Annual events are historically well known and tend to be run with committees and local volunteers (GCC 5K, The Beith v’s Kilbrinie Cup tie etc) National projects or initiatives: • • • • TV, radio and social media campaigns advertise events (Glasgow women's 10K and the Press up challenge for PTSD) Companies have pop up events (NIKE night-time football events) Sports Scotland advertise and maintain the National governing bodies websites eg Badminton Scotland, Netball Scotland etc SFA and SRU are big money generators and encourage participation through their Leagues and Cup Events PROGRESSIVE PATHWAY’S Remember to ensure that the pathway is suitable for a progressive age group or the same age group Avoid giving school examples for S3 pupils but then give local examples for primary. A pathway should ensure that there is opportunity and a place to go as the person participating becomes more skilled or they become older. WHERE CAN YOU GET THIS INFORMATION? Most of you should take part in a school based club for sport since you are SPORTS LEADERS A) You are already delivering to a school based club or B) You may well be delivering to a local community club Your Peers/friends are also delivering to clubs in school and in the local community Find out the progressive pathways for the clubs you are involved in and those your pals are involved in. Use the KA leisure reception to help you find out information Gather some leaflets from local sports centres or community centres Use the internet to gain access to what’s happening locally and nationally for your chosen sport DESCRIBE STRATEGIES WHICH COULD INCREASE PARTICIPATION LEVELS – THINK PATHWAYS FOR A SPORT OF YOUR CHOICE? School based: What: Hockey When: Wed 3-4 Where: GCC Basketball gym Who: Mr MacDonald-open to S16 pupils How much?: free Description blurb: An hour a week teaching basic hockey skills for all secondary school ages. Encourages teamwork and motivational competitiveness. Score out of 24 : 8 points per box Local community initiatives National projects or initiatives: What: North Ayrshire Stars U14’s When: Thu 18:15-19:45 Where: Auchenharvie ice rink Who: N.A Ice hockey club How much?: N/A What: Garnock Hockey Club When: Wed 19:15-20:45 Where: Inverclyde sportsscotland pitch, Largs Who: Scottish Hockey-for woman How much?: £2-Juniors/£3- Description blurb: “The Stars are the u14s team which plays in the Scottish Ice Hockey league and is made up of players who are aged 12 or 13 years old with some younger players once the coaches believe they have reached the appropriate level of development.” seniors Description blurb: “GHC is a welcoming club, with a strong focus on friendship and family. In 2018 we re-located to the new hockey pitch at Stewarton Academy, and are driven to growing our club now in East Ayrshire. DESCRIBE STRATEGIES WHICH COULD INCREASE PARTICIPATION LEVELS – THINK PATHWAYS FOR A SPORT OF YOUR CHOICE? School based: What: Football When: Thursday Lunch time Where: GCC Games Hall Who: Ewan-All S1 pupils How much?: Free Description blurb: Free lunchtime club for all skill levels of pupils wanting to develop their game, or for children wanting a new challenge. Score out of 24 : 8 points per box Local community initiatives National projects or initiatives: What: Street Games When: Mon 16:15 – 17:15 (5-7yrs) Mon 17:15 – 18:15 (8-11yrs) Where: Dalry Campus Who: K.A Leisure How much?: 3-50 per week for 4 week course What: Beith Juniors 2003’s When: Wed 18:30-20:00 Where: Beith Astroturf Who: SFA/SJFA How much?: £5 per session Description blurb: “Game related small sided games which encourage players to problem solve make effective decisions and improvise more.” Description blurb: Sottish Junior football team who welcome players of all skill ability. Train on a Wednesday night, and games are on Saturday/Sunday mornings. Promotes leadership, fitness, and teamwork. ANALYSE THE LINK BETWEEN EXPERIENCES OF SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDHOOD AND LIFELONG PARTICIPATION HABITS Analyse = the Pro’s and Con’s of the ‘WHAT’ LIFE LONG POSTIVE PARTICIPATION HABITS for a healthy and active lifestyle. How do we get these habits? Choose one of the following questions and investigate; Does being an active child mean you will become an active adult? (do a google search). What are the benefits/pro’s of being an active child that becomes an active adult. (google search or group discussion) Are their any Con’s/negatives to this statement? (personal opinion/google search) Can you summarise whether or not you agree with this statement and why. What about if you are a high What are the benefits/pro’s of being a high level athlete as a child? (google search or group discussion) What are the cons/negatives? (google search or group discussion) How will this impact on that child's likelihood of becoming an active adult? (personal opinion) Having a successful career such as Richard Branson, Robbie Williams, J.K Rowling is linked to being an active Do you agree with this? (do a google search) Can you use an example of someone you deem to be successful and discuss the pro’s/benefits of their physical activity experience as a child, the con’s/negatives of their childhood sporting experiences and your personal opinion on whether or not their activity levels as a child had any bearing on their success as an adult? Were all successful What are the pro’s/benefits of this person being an active child? Or if they weren’t active were their any benefits of this? What are the cons/negatives of being active as a child? Do you think that they will continue to be active adults even after their career is over? Why do you think this? level athlete as a child, does this mean you will become an active adult? (do a google search) child or successful athlete as a child? Scottish Athletes eg Sir Chris Hoy active as children? https://www.ranker.com/list/famous-male-athletes-from-scotland/reference ANALYSE THE LINK BETWEEN EXPERIENCES OF SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDHOOD AND LIFELONG PARTICIPATION HABITS Analyse = the Pro’s and Con’s of the ‘WHAT’ Most pupils in PE just want to quickly learn the skills and rules of a sport and then play the sport. Better Movers and Thinkers is a different approach to teaching Physical education and introducing movement and learning to children. It focuses on 1)Moving and thinking 2)Scaffolding practices that help develop the Significant Aspects of Learning (such as physical fitness, social, mental and emotional skills) And finally 3) Developing Executive Function skills such as Paying attention, Organizing, planning and prioritizing, Starting tasks and staying focused on them to completion, Understanding different points of view, Regulating emotions, Self-monitoring (keeping track of what you’re doing) https://education.gov.scot/improvement/Documents/h wb9-better-mover-and-thinkers.pdf What are the Pro’s of BMT (benefits of this approach); What are the Con’s of BMT (negatives of this approach); Do you think how we teach PE in Garnock helps to encourage positive lifelong participation in Physical Activity Habits? If so why? Do you think teaching a BMT approach would encourage more people to be physically active as an adult? If so why? ANALYSE THE LINK BETWEEN EXPERIENCES OF SPORT AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN CHILDHOOD AND LIFELONG PARTICIPATION HABITS…. YOUR TURN……… Analyse = the Pro’s and Con’s of the ‘WHAT’ According to recent scientific studies, if you are physically active as a child, the chances of you growing up the be an active adult are heavily greater than if you weren’t. This does not just affect your physical health, but also heavily influences your mental and social wellbeing. The amount of exercise you do as a child will most likely determine the amount of physical activity you do as a grown-up. This can help the brain massively as it matures throughout your lifespan. Statistically, the amount of P.A you do will lessen as you grow up, and right now the government is trying to campaign more than ever for adults to be as healthy as they were when they were younger. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/theathletes-way/201506/physically-active-childrengrow-be-healthier-adults Score out of 20 : 10, 2,2, 3 +3 What are the Pro’s of Being an active child(benefits of this approach); Helps you make healthy habits to use for life, and could leads you down very successful pathways for your future. What are the Con’s of Being an active child(negatives of this approach); Could develop permanent and long-term injuries that could affect your adult life, and along with your school commitments, you may not get a lot of time to yourself. Do you think Being an active child helps encourage positive lifelong participation in Physical Activity Habits? If so why? Yes, because it creates habits that you enjoy doing, and if you know that it is doing your body some good then you will continue to work towards this goal. Do you think Being an active child would encourage more people to be physically active as an adult? If so why? I think it would motivate the people around you to be active as an adult, because it will seem easier to do it if they see a child achieve their goals. It will also motivate them to be more active because they could feel shameful if a young person can do it and they can’t.