LEAN OPERATIONS AN INTEGRATION OF LEAN IN THE 4IR LEAN OPERATIONS Provides the means of running an organization by focusing on providing greater customer satisfaction while using as few resources as possible. The objective of lean operations is twofold: Creating value for customers and eliminating waste. Companies that use lean operations are highly concerned with efficiency. 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A way of describing the blurring of boundaries between the physical, digital, and biological worlds. It’s a fusion of advances in artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, the Internet of Things (IoT), 3D printing, genetic engineering, quantum computing, and other technologies. It’s the collective force behind many products and services that are fast becoming indispensable to modern life. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTIONS CLASSICAL 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION ORGANIZATIONS Airbnb, Inc. is an online marketplace for arranging or offering lodging, primarily homestays, or tourism experiences. The company does not own any of the real estate listings, nor does it host events; it acts as a broker, receiving commissions from each booking. Uber Technologies, Inc., commonly known as Uber, is an American multinational ride-hailing company offering services that include peerto-peer ridesharing, ride service hailing, food delivery, and a micromobility system with electric bikes and scooters. South Africa’s largest, most innovative ecommerce retailer, with over 2000 employees. LEAN OPERATIONS OBJECTIVES ELIMINATE WASTE REDUCE COSTS within the organization, this refers to all types of waste including downtime sometimes referred to as the seven types of waste within its operations, not only in production but also office and administrative expenses. IMPROVE CUSTOMER SATISFACTION this should be the main driver of implementing lean, as differentiation through customer service can be a powerful competitive advantage. This can be achieved through reduction in lead times increase in product and service quality and price competitiveness LEAN IMPROVEMENT TOOLS JUST IN TIME (JIT) MERCUR Y SATURN VENUS CHALLENGES FACING 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SOCIAL ACCEPTANCE SECURITY The A man-machine symbiosis raises several ethical, social and legal issues. Some key questions are: What is necessary for humans to effectively collaborate with an artificial system (e.g. consider him peer)? What balance should be kept between human and synthetic workers to ensure sustainability of social systems or global economy? Which jobs shouldn’t disappear (e.g. human superior, judge etc.) through replacement by machines? What is the legal limit of the man machine relationship? adoption of cyber components security cannot be 100% provided. Software or even physical damage are becoming real threats by private or organized hackers. To adopt CPSbased solutions despite this real threat, methods identifying which are the critical systems or “crown jewels” or how the cyber-attack might take place are the key for adopting cyber systems. CHALLENGES FACING 4TH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION EDUCATIONAL CHALLENGES Development of cyber-physical social systems implies collaboration and problem-solving capabilities in interdisciplinary teams. Creativity, IT affinity and soft skills will be the key requirements for all specializations in education systems INDUSTRY 4.0 AND LEAN MANAGEMENT INTEGRATIVE IMPLEMENTATION MODELS VERTICAL INTERGRATION AND LEAN The vertical integration is the creation of flexible and reconfigurable manufacturing system by integrating various hierarchical elements within the organization through digitization. The integration of hierarchal subsystems within the organization must be well thought integration strategy to achieve strategic goals. LM can be used as a guideline to design the integration strategy. The first step in the design of vertical integration is to identify the value. The value should be defined in terms of customer needs for a specific product or service the organization caters. Due to Industry 4.0, the customer needs are changing drastically, and new customer needs are emerging. HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION AND LEAN The modern-day organization requires cooperation between various organizations in the supply chain to create value for the customer. The supply chain for an organization is the system of organizations that are involved, through upstream and downstream linkages, in the different processes and activities that produce value in the form of products and services delivered to the ultimate consumer. In horizontal integration, all the organizations which participate in the value chain must play a role to meet the customer needs. The digitization of the entire supply chain will lead to improved benefits for the organization as well as for the customers. END-TO-END ENGINEERING INTEGRATION Product and services are important components for the success of Industry 4.0. The concept of the smart factory under Industry 4.0 is facilitating the automated, flexible, efficient production system that can be realized if the products and services are compatible for this unification. The digital amalgamation of each stage of products life cycle enables new synergies and opportunities to optimize engineering along the entire value chain of the product. The product because it is smart, can store information about itself in terms as manufacturing, preceding operation, sub-seeding operation, the current state, circuit diagram or plan, assembly information, automatic path, among others more COCLUSIONS The Fourth Industrial Revolution has the potential to fundamentally change the structure of the economy as a whole. As has been pointed out, Industry 4.0 is focused on digitization and the replacement of older analog technologies. Efforts need to be made to integrate the so-called Cyber-Physical Systems into the overall organization of the production system, which will make it more dynamic. The production process will rely on automation, with high-tech robotic machines taking the lead. Interaction between the different units in the industrial enterprises will undergo a radical change because of the increasingly diminishing role of the man in favor of the machinery. Of course, this does not mean that work done by human recourse will surely be unnecessary. People are still better at creating unique and innovative products. Human spirit, resourcefulness and entrepreneurship should play a major role in the industries of the future. In general, the urge is for machines to replace the human factor in performing routine and repetitive production activities. Also interaction between the different production units in the industrial enterprise will undergo a radical change because of the increasingly diminishing role of the man in favor of the machines. THANKS! QUESTIONS? email@example.com 0762605034 CREDITS: This presentation template was created by Slidesgo, including icons by Flaticon, and infographics & images by Freepik. Please keep this slide for attribution.