TOWN PLANNING ASSIGNMENT – 1 “ THE ROLE OF TOWN PLANNING TEAM” Kritika Panwar 7/7/20 B.ARCH 9TH SEM INTRODUCTION Town Planning is working in the way of development. Its major responsibility is town development, preparation of development plans for all urban towns in the state, land management, find appropriate sites for residential and industrial zone etc. Department of Town Planning is working in the way of development. Its major responsibility is town development, preparation of development plans for all urban towns in the state, land management, find appropriate sites for residential and industrial zone etc. MAJOR DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Planning of town development all over the state. To regulate the planning of building construction as per Town/Map/Master Plans. Passing the Blue prints of plans of Town Planning/Master Plan. To earmark the all land use as per master plan in urban area for housing. Matter relating to town and country planning and preparation of Master Plan thereof. Matter relating to town for proper plan and land use. Matter relating to proper transport plans, planning for Bus terminal, parking place etc. To earmark the site for residential and non-residential zone. To earmark the site for industrial area, market area in the town planning. Matter relating to selection of sites for various Govt. offices/institutions within the Town. To advise the Government on policy matter regarding Town & Country Planning including legislation thereof. Preparation of Regional Plans, Development Plans and Town Planning. Assistance/advice to Municipalities for preparation of Town Planning. Preparation of land use plan. To advise the Government for preparation of legislation regarding Town & Country Planning Acts. Preparation of development plans for all urban towns in the states. To function as Arbitrator as and when any dispute arise on land use matter TOWN PLANNING AS A TEAM WORK Engineers : civil engineers for buildings, roads, bridges etc Architects : for aesthetic looks Landscape Architects : for green areas Sociologist : give reports on social and cultural interests of the dwellers through surveys Geographer : give reports on natural resources Ecologist : required for total environment study Administrator : for orderly development of the work assisted by economist & legal adviser ROLE OF ENGINEERS • • • • • • • An ENGINEER is responsible for many facets of a project, such as designing, planning, managing, and creating reports on construction jobs. Planning engineers determine and develop the most suitable and economically viable construction and engineering methods for projects. They are involved throughout the development stages, and are present on site during the build to oversee procedures. It is the responsibility of the planning engineer to estimate a timescale for a project and to ensure that the outlined deadlines are met. They work closely with site managers and other engineers to ensure a project runs on schedule and that material supplies are sufficient. Civil engineer are for buildings, roads, bridges etc. Other roles and involve: 1. Designing of water treatment plant. 2. Design of water distribution system 3. Transportation control system. 4. Zoning of geographical mapping 5. Land use planning 6. Analyzing park space 7. Infrastructure 8. Analyzing the impact of land use 9. Predicting population growth 10. Health care and social services ROLE OF ARCHITECTS • • • • • • Architects plans, designs, and oversees how the elements of landscaping, road routing, and building use combine into creating the urban environment. Often times these buildings are designed to house large numbers in such a way to be pleasing to the eye, functional, safe, and energy efficient. The architect can plan for this, creating green belt areas to help lessen the risk of floods and damage while creating urban parks for recreational use. In addition to this, the creation of levees, retaining walls, and emergency shelters are a vital part of this job. Architect typically pays attention to the aesthetics as much as the function. It is the ability to consider historical urban character alongside the needs for modern access and efficiency that highlights the best of these urban planners. Today's architecture engineering jobs in town planning must meet challenges for safety, both from natural and manmade disasters, environmental laws, resource conservation, efficiency in movement and energy use, and the historical background of the specific city they are dealing with. ROLE OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS • Landscape architects designs a medium that positively contributes to the complexities of the contemporary city and to a more equitable distribution of ecological and environmental resources • • • • Landscape architects in town planning is examined through its role in the creation of civic spaces and their natural and built urban character. Landscape architects is creates and conserves outdoor environments with respect to cultural values and ecological sustainability. It uses both non-living and living materials for design and planning, therefore the outcome is always dynamic and changing. Landscape architect deals with about green spaces in town planning Also plans and designs other various land uses such as streets and squares, playgrounds, railway and canal corridors, cemeteries, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and waterfronts. Even structures in a city influence the urban landscape character ROLE OF SOCIOLOGIST • • • • • A sociologist is a better-equipped person in understanding the human ecological processes like segregation, culture and social order. As such, planning is a form of social action, different from sociology, which analyses the behaviour and society An sociologist can provide all the necessary knowledge in the process of town planning. Also give reports on social and cultural interests of the dwellers through surveys. A sociologist, therefore, plays two major roles in town planning—first he helps in analysing and explaining the social reality dispassionately, objectively and truthfully. This is because they possess the technical know-how and methodological equipment to understand such a task. Secondly, they coordinate with the town planner and administrator with logi-cally sound and meaningful alternatives (ideas) for urban development. They are also capable of understanding and establishing in unmistakable terms the processes and mechanisms of the social reality of the urban centre. ROLE OF GEOGRAPHER • • • Geographer evaluate existing conditions of the urban region. Geographer give reports on natural resources Geographer develops model which provide not only a better understanding of present urban patterns but projection of spatial relation and processes. • Geographer is interested in an analysis of spatial distribution and spaced relation. • Geographers in town planning team develops new research methods to stimulating new planning techniques. The planning process involves three stages 1. An evaluation of existing conditions in metropolitan region 2. A definition of goals for the region 3. A formulation of plans to achieve these goals ROLE OF ECOLOGIST • • • Ecologist examine impacts of local decisions in a regional context. Ecologist are required for total environment study Provides plan for long-term change and unexpected events. • • • Provides plan to avoid or compensate for the effects of development on ecological processes. Ecologist consults regarding the implement land-use and management practices that are compatible with the natural potential of the area. Also provide town planning team with the study to avoid land uses that deplete natural resources according to the region. ROLE OF ADMINISTRATOR • • • • • • Main duties are to organize and prepare the city's master plan, regional plan, site selection for construction projects, land expropriation, relocation. For orderly development of the work assisted by economist & legal adviser Issuing construction permits and other construction supervisory works, To organize and lead the prospective design, geological, and land survey. Coordinating, supervising, and managing planning within the town as well as district concerned Guiding the integrated development of new zones and old zones to ensure the implementation of city planning and supporting public works.