SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR KINGDOME OF SAUDI ARABIA ROYAL COMMISSION FOR JUBAIL AND YANBU ROYAL COMMISSION IN JUBAIL JUBAIL INDUSTRIAL CITY SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT CONTRACT NO. 097-C73R REV Description Prepared By Checked 0 Traffic Management Plan Ihsan Yaqoob A.Beidas Code Date 07 Nov,19 SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 TABLE OF CONTENTS Item 1 Title SITE DESCRIPTION AND LOCATION Page 3 2 LAYDOWN AREA TRAFFIC PLAN 3 3 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES CONCERNING TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT 4 4 COMMUNICATING TMP TO SITE USERS 7 5 ES&H INDUCTION PROGRAM 7 6 QUICK DRIVING REGULATIONS IN THE SITE 8 7 SITE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN 9 8 VEHICLE BREAKDOWN PROCEDURE 14 9 EQUIPMENT SERVICING & MAINENANCE PROGRAM 14 10 VEHICLE WORKSHOPS 15 11 ROAD WORKS 16 SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 1. SITE DESCRIPTION AND LOCATION: The Project is administrated under Contract No 097-C73R known as the primary site development of Secondary Infrastructure Project. It includes primary infrastructure developments such as a telecom exchange building and an irrigation water pump station. It spread to around 60.8 hectares of flattened and reclaimed land off Secondary infrastructure. It is perceived to be a future residential and commercial community in the heart of Jubail industrial city. The land area is bounded in the north-west by central diagonal road in the east by secondary infrastructure project which is now being developed by AlHarbi Trading contracting co, Ltd. Reference Plans: Appendix 1 – 097- C73R (Site Location Map) Appendix 2 – 097 – C73R (Site Plan Map) 2. LAYDOWN AREA TRAFFIC PLAN: The Site Laydown Area will feature the following temporary structures and amenities particular to this contract: AlHarbi Trading & Contracting Site Office. RC Site Office. AlHarbi, RC & Visitors Parking Lot Visitor parking Generator House Ablution House Guard house Smoking shed Potable Water Tanks Septic Tank Pedestrian Lanes Emergency Assembly Area Asphalt –Paved Roads Isolation Fence and Gates Shaded Storages for Combustibles Shaded Storages for Non-Combustibles Shaded Workshop Area Secured Storages for Electrical & Telecommunications Items Secured Storages for Mechanical Items Secured Storage for Chemicals & Hazardous Substances SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Secured Storage for Paints and Adhesives Shaded Storage for Fuels, Liquid Flammables Shaded Storage for Gas Containers Open Concrete Paved Area for Pre casting Open Concrete Paved Area for Workshop Open storage area Storekeeper’s room 3. ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES CONCERNING TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT A. PROJECT MANAGER : o The Project Manager has overall responsibility for the site’s Traffic Management Plans and Policies. o Relates with all employees in promoting a positive driving culture by creating an interest and enthusiasm for road safety in all activities and set a good example (driving defensively). o Ensures appropriate driving and TMP training is given to all employees as necessary. o Ensures that that Road Safety factors are considered at all stages in the work process and sufficient resource is made available to maintain safe working methods and equipment. o Ensures an ES&H Manager, Roadwork’s Coordinators and Responsible Persons are appointed for each field using the appropriate form. o Mandates compliance to Company policies and procedures and reprimand any manager or employee for failure to follow driving rules and TMP. o Liaise with Head Office to allocate sufficient resources (including financial) to enable the TMP to function effectively. B. ES&H Manager : o The EH&S Manager communicates and ensures that the TMP is effectively implemented and obeyed by all concerned persons in the Site. o Ensures the TMP information is communicated to all employees and visitors entering the Project site. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 o Spearheads the preparation of TMP plans & initiatives to improve overall road safety Spreads the information to all employees. o Participates in Company induction programs regarding traffic management. o Participates in incident investigations and liaise with concerned personnel for the corrective actions identification, implementation and follow-up. o Identifies and facilitates driver and pedestrian training for employees. o Prepares reports, statistics and position papers supporting the overall traffic management strategy of the company to Management. C. Construction Manager : o Is responsible for carrying out the task identified by the PM. He is also responsible for implementing the TMP in his works execution orders, and to make sure that Method Statement and supporting activities and undertaking in the worksite conform to the TMP. o He liaises to EH & S Manager & coordinate his activity in advance so the potential traffic risks can be eliminated or reduced before the work begins in his site. o He ensures compliance with all traffic rules, regulations, policies and project specifications. D. ES&H Engineer/ Coordinators : o Conducts toolbox talks with the site personnel and sub-contractors. o Inspects the project daily, and record all perceivable safety hazards including observation of violators. Communicates to the employee, superior and ES&HM on his observations. o Follows-up with the Superintendents and ES&HM the timely correction of safety hazards making immediate correction as necessary. o Checks all areas at least once a day for housekeeping and clean up. Coordinates with team personnel assigned for these task. o Communicates with Supervisors to take immediate action to ensure compliance with ES&H requirements. Fosters “Safety Awareness” in all tradesmen and supervisors on the project. o SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 o Plays an active role in incident investigations and corrective actions identification, implementation and follow-up. o Posts safety-relevant signs on the project. o Assists Issuers and Receivers in the processing of safe work permits. E. ES&H Officer / Assistant Employees : o Inform others when may be affected by changing road, routing and re-routing conditions. o Seek full understanding from Foremen & Engineers for information relating to TMP and Road Safety given at induction, trainings and communications. o Assist the Management of the Company as required to enable the Company to comply with the duties and requirements for road and traffic safety. o Follow and observe the compliance to the TMP, and report any abnormal occurrences or defects in road condition, signage’s, vehicles, plant, equipment, or written procedures. o Report any accident or personal injury and obtain first aid for any injuries. F. Roles of Superintendents & Engineers (Working with Road) : o Each Superintendent/Engineer has a responsibility for the traffic safety of personnel, for the protection of equipment and the environment, especially when working on or near roads and accesses under their control. o Implement the TMP and driving rules on Site. o Investigate, review and take timely action on nonconformities and complaints reported to them (affecting traffic flow and road safety). o Ensure a safe place of work, safe system of work and safe access and egress to the place of work. o Ensure that all employees are properly informed of the known road risks related to their job. o Ensure pre-work briefings (STARRT) are conducted in their area; that road and traffic safety issues are addressed and records maintained. o SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Excavation Competent Person Ensures that all excavations affecting the road users are protected with barriers, safety and warning signs, etc. 4. COMMUNICATING TMP TO SITE USERS : a. The TMP, driving policies, rules and regulations and new information, such as routing and re-routing plans will be communicated to, and fully understood by all levels of the site organization. Any feedback from site users will be gathered by consultation in the following: o Copy of TMP always available in ES&H Office files o Copy of TMP always available in site documentation files o TMP posted in site bulletin boards o TMP discussed in Toolbox Talks o TMP discussed in new employee & visitors inductions o TMP discussed in group meetings agenda o TMP discussed in employee refreshers b. Copies of the ES&H Information will be posted in strategy areas in the project site where all employees can easily see it at least once each day. c. A Suggestion Box will be placed in strategic locations for workers to drop their suggestions. 5. ES&H INDUCTION PROGRAM a. All new employees, of whatever rank or category, whether directly or indirectly hired by AlHarbi shall undergo an ES&H Induction Program prior to assignment in Contract 097-C73R. b. In the same manner, all contractors and their individual workers, whose interests cater directly with the company’s day-to-day operation, whether short-term or long-term, including fabrication projects, job services, delivery transporters need to undergo HSE Induction before admittance. c. The ES&H Induction Program (including TMP and Driving Rules) shall be conducted prior to, or on the first day of work of a new entrant, before he is deployed to his assigned work station. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 d. A Spot Induction will be conducted to new entrants, first time delivery drivers particularly on the TMP and site driving rules. The induction will also guide them and give directions to specific site locations of intended destination. 6. QUICK DRIVING REGULATIONS IN THE SITE A Traffic Management Plan with map will be schemed to guide road-users in the site regarding safety, routing and directions. Please refer to the ES&H Construction Phase Plan for details. Only employees with driving license will be allowed in the project. Drivers will be required to perform and routine check on their vehicle before driving. Drivers will make sure that his vehicle has a valid inspection sticker and maintained in operating condition, Drivers will report unsafe conditions immediately. Drivers will check tire pressure to be within the standards of the manufacturer. Drivers will comply with all applicable laws. Drivers will observe driving speeds posted on road signs. Drivers will excuse himself to drive if he in unfit, not feeling well, or under medication which could impair his driving ability. Using cellphone, eating or drinking will be prohibited. Drivers will wear their seat belts. Drivers will not leave their vehicles unattended while the engine is running. Vehicles will not be re-fueled while the engine is running. Drivers will report any vehicle collisions and moving violations, no matter how small. Vehicles will only be parked in designated area. Stopper chucks will be provided for reverse dumping of trucks. Maintenance and servicing of vehicles will only be done in workshops, except in emergency. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Drivers will not allow overloading of loads or passengers on their vehicles. Service buses will stop only in their designated loading and unloading zones. Heavy vehicles will activate their beacons when operating. Heavy vehicle drivers will undergo red man, green man and dead man training. 7. SITE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN a. Traffic Plan AlHarbi ES&H Department will focus on safety Awareness with special emphasis to on road safety. The point listed below relate to traffic, transport, driving and road safety. All drivers of light and heavy vehicles must possess a valid license. All drivers and operators will be responsible and accountable for safe and legal operation of AlHarbi vehicles and equipment. Seat belts are mandatory for all drivers and passengers. All drivers must obey posted speed signs, traffic signs and stop signs. AHarbi ES&H Department will monitor traffic safety at construction site and Royal Commission roads, and anyone observe breaking traffic rules will be issued a safety violation along with disciplinary action. Detour signboards, directional arrow sign, barrels and light for night shall be installed. And posted to protect the general public. Flag men with safety vests will be assigned at road crossing and construction sites. All drivers will inspect their equipment daily. The inspection will be conducted prior to starting the equipment. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 b. Traffic Safety AIHarbi will make frequent use of road transport, to ensure that all the project materials will timely on site such as: Heavy construction equipment i.e. low-bed transport, mobile cranes. Camp and facilities materials. Construction materials i.e. sand, gravel, cement and concrete. Permanent materials i.e. steel plate, valves, piping and equipment. The driver of subject vehicle is primarily responsible for lashing and shoring of the road. Prior to departure he will ensure that load is properly secured. At the site the site transport coordinator will check and distribute the waybills, etc. to relevant persons. c.Visiting Drivers Visiting drivers should be told the layout of the work place, the road they need to take, and relevant safe working practices (e.g. for parking and unloading), as may not have visited the site before. Visiting drivers should drive as per designed road lines. d .Deliveries Deliveries and collections can be some of the most dangerous transport activities. As far as possible, parking, loading and unloading should be off the access road or pavement, and well away from the public or coworkers. Where this is not possible, consider any risks to members of the public who drive or walk near the vehicle. The side of the vehicle with easiest access to the site shall be presented to workplace. Where possible, the site layout should be designed so that reversing is unnecessary. Where reversing is unavoidable, it shall be done a safe as possible, preparedly using the signaler. Where maneuvering on public roads, remember the public traffic has priority. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 In case of coupling and/or uncoupling an articulated vehicle, the driver shall know how to park the vehicle. Drivers shall understand the correct used of parking and hand brakes, and uses them accordingly. Drivers shall receive adequate safety information for each delivery or collection beforehand, such as restrictions on the type of vehicle the site can handle, or problems such as one-way system. If possible, a site plan including parking, location of reception, route through the site, and location of unloading areas, driver are waiting areas, and written information on procedures for visiting shall be provided. Report any vehicle accidents, incidents near misses and other safety concerns during delivery and collection. e. Traffic Routes o Workplace traffic routes must be suitable for the people and /or vehicles using them. o General Principles of Safe Traffic Routes are: They should be wide enough for the safe movement of the largest vehicle permitted to use them (including visiting vehicles). They should take vehicle height into account. The height of a vehicle may vary, e.g. when the body of a tipper vehicle is raised. Potentially dangerous obstructions, such as overhead electric cables need to be protected using goal posts and should be planned to give the safest road. Routes that pass close to such things as unprotected fuel or chemical tanks or pipe lines, unprotected road edges, unfenced edges of elevated loading bays or excavations, or anything that is likely to collapse of the left in dangerous state if hit by a vehicle shall be avoided. Routes should be constructed of suitable material for the location, the type of traffic, the size of the route, and the ground or foundation it is laid on. The routes should avoid steep slopes are unavoidable, they should be properly signposted, and should avoid sharp or blind bends. Traffic should be maintained to provide a good grip for vehicle and people, e.g.by roughening smooth surfaces, or applying marl/gravel/stone to slippery ones. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN f. Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Road edges should be made visible even in night time. Temporary Traffic Routes Temporary workplaces (e.g. access roads, desert roads) often have routes for vehicle that change as work progresses, or unprepared routes such as un-surfaced roads or open ground. Temporary roadways increase the risk of accidents. The following shall be considered: Driver competence, particularly in dealing with the sorts of hazard encountered on unprepared sites. Providing information and instructions to drivers, especially if they are not familiar with the temporary roadways. Safe system of work and traffic management e.g. used temporary road signs and traffic lights. Supervision of drivers, vehicle activities, and other employees. More frequent preventative checks may also be necessary to ensure the vehicles do not develop faults while working on unprepared roadways. Forward visibility needs to be good enough to allow drivers to see the avoid hazards. Adequate visibility is related to vehicle speed and the distance drivers need to stop or change direction safely to avoid hazards. Additional factors affecting visibility are available light, dust, bad weather, the height of the driver above the road and the arrangement of the vehicle windows. There should be enough visibility at junction and bends to allow drivers to see anything that might be dangerous. Sharp or blind bends shall be avoided, when visibility at a junction cannot be improved sufficiently. A flag man should be stationed at the junction to increase the safety of working traffic and bypassing public. Limiting vehicle speed is an important part of traffic control. The best way is to use fixed features (traffic calming features) that stop drivers travelling too quickly. g. Visibility h. Speed SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN i. Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Examples include speed humps routes by use of bollards, raised Krebs or chicanes, and rumble strips or areas. Where required the various features available shall be assessed and the most appropriate selected for the traffic using the site. Traffic calming measures should be clearly visible; the features can be painted in bright colors or made reflective. Speed limit shall be set and clearly identified by signboards along the road. Everybody using that road is bound to adhere to set speed limit. Housekeeping of Traffic Routes All routes must, so far as is reasonably practicable, be kept free from obstruction and from anything that may cause traffic incident and/ or car collision. Routes may be maintained to be clean and free from obstructions. Spilled loads, anything that falls from a vehicle such as used packaging, and anything else that creates a risk of collision or tripping should be dealt with as soon as possible. j. Maintenance Driver has responsibility to ensure that work equipment is in good working order. Vehicle should be maintained so that they remain mechanically sound. Planned inspections are an important part of maintenance. These can range from basic safety checks by drivers before using the vehicle (such as checking that the tires are properly inflated), to regular maintenance inspection carried out based on time or mileage. Preventive maintenance is also needed to help avoid failures during use. This should be thorough, regular and frequent enough to meet the manufacturer’s guidance. Special attention shall be paid to: - Visibility - The breaking system and any hydraulic or pneumatic system; - The steering system - Tires - Mirrors - Windscreen washers and wipes; - Any warning devices - Specific safety system - Ranking, securing points for ropes SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 8. VEHICLE BREAKDOWN PROCEDURE When vehicle breaks down drivers can become distracted and unwittingly place themselves and other in danger. To minimize the risks associated with a breakdown: 9. The means of raising the alarm to be used in the event of a breakdown is to flash the hazard sign, hang a flag or at least a white cloth/shirt outside the left side window. “No feet on the ground” it means the driver should refrain from disembarking his vehicle or equipment. He should stay inside the cabin until rescue comes, or unless he is sure that there is no other vehicle approaching the area. The window view should not be obstructed (curtains, etc.) All mirrors must be in good working order. Vehicle to be equipped with back-up alarms, flashing beacons, head lights tail lights. The stop operating vehicle immediately to protect workers on foot. Driver will conduct daily inspection and fill-up the checklist. Barricade the area and provide warning signs when service the broken vehicle. Divers and operators will be trained on Vehicle Breakdown Procedure. EQUIPMENT SERVICING & MAINENANCE PROGRAM As a general rule, plant equipment, including mobile heavy equipment, vehicles or machineries will not be allowed to be serviced or maintained within the vicinity of the site A separate AlHarbi Central workshop Located outside the project will be designated for day long, long-term or complex servicing and maintenance works for plant equipment and vehicles. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Only quick fixing and short term trouble shooting works will be allowed. Otherwise the exercise will only be done with the aim of transporting or demobilizing the disabled equipment from site going to central workshop. The operator or driver will be trained not to un-board the disabled equipment/ vehicle until it is secured from roads and high – activity area in the site. Applicable traffic warning signs will be posted accordingly. 10. VEHICLE WORKSHOPS: As a general rule, vehicles will not be allowed to be serviced or maintained within the vicinity of the site. The separate AlHarbi central workshop located outside the project will be designated for day-long, long-term or complex servicing and maintenance works for plant equipment and vehicles. Only quick fixing and short-term trouble shooting works will be allowed. Otherwise the exercise will only be done with the aim of transporting or demobilizing the disabled equipment from site going to central workshop. The operator or driver will be trained not to un-board the disabled equipment/ vehicle until it is secured from roads and high – activity area in the site. Applicable traffic warning signs will be posted accordingly. All vehicles being worked upon will be chocked. All cabs and load carriers in the open position must be mechanically locked or chocked into position, gravity balances or hydraulic rams are not to be relied upon. No person will be under the chassis whilst a vehicle is being positioned, or whilst the engine is running (unless during testing, the exhaust fumes are being artificially directed away from the area. All vehicles being positioned off parking or onto a ramp will be guided by a banks-man There will be lockout / tagout system for all hydraulic inspection ramps. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Only approved vehicle jacks will be used for propping up vehicles, homemade jacks will strictly prohibited. 11. ROAD WORKS: Traffic on two-way roads On a two-way road, signs will be set out for traffic approaching from both direction. Traffic at Junctions: Signs should be set out for traffic approaching from all directions. Site Layout The contractor must include the works area, working space and safety zone in the area to be marked off with cones, drums or similar and lamps placed where necessary. Never use a safety zone as a work area or for storing plant or material. See Appendix for the minimum dimensions for the safety zone. Additional areas to be signed If there are any temporary footways adjacent to the carriageway, or obstructions such as spoil or plant which are not already within the working space, provide signs and guard them separately to the same standard. Additional requirements: Sometimes the contractor may have to duplicate the warning signs on both sides of the road. An example of this would be where signs on either side especially on the right, become obscured by heavy traffic. On dual carriageway roads, the warning sign need to be duplicated on the central reservation, if possible to reduce instances of this. The road width and volume of traffic at the works site may make traffic control necessary. See traffic control – need for control for details of which type of control is appropriate. Drivers visiting the works must switch on their roof mounted amber beacons. If they have them, before signaling to enter the works. This will help to make sure that other driver’s will not he misled into entering the coned-off area as well. Hazards warning lights confuse other road user so don’t use them when entering or leaving a site. Maintenance of site: Always keep the site safe with signs, cones, drums or similar, lights and barriers clean and correctly placed. When no one is on site, make sure that the site is SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 regularly inspected. Damaged or displaced equipment must be replaced promptly. Emergencies should be dealt with without delay. Changing Traffic Conditions: Where site or traffic conditions change, appropriate adjustment should he made to signing, lighting and guarding. Clearing up On completion of the works daily, ensure that all plant, equipment and surplus materials are removed promptly from the site. All signs, lighting or guarding equipment should be removed immediately Site Layout (see following pictures) The work area is the excavation, chamber opening, etc at which work will be undertaken. This is to include the tie-in off new highway to existing or the closure of old highways. It shall include the completion of work project task from the installation or connection of fittings or structures to landscaping and final completion. The Total work area is any area, where project works are undertaken this may be signs in the footway is permitted but in no circumstances must the footway width be reduced below 1 meter. If there are already vehicles parked in the carriageway, place the advance signs so that they are not obscured The Road works Ahead sign is the first sign to be seen by the driver so place it well before the works. It size the minimum distance from the start of the lead-in taper, and clear visibility distance will vary according to the type of road and its speed limit. The range of distances is given to allow the sign to be placed in the most convenient position bearing in mind available space and visibility for drivers. Do no simply choose the minimum distance-assess each site carefully. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 A Road Narrows Ahead, sign warns the driver which side of the carriageways is obstructed place it midway between the road works ahead sign and the beginning Of the lead in taper. On road with speed limits of 80 kph or more all advance signs will have plates giving the distance to the works in meter or kilometers) Keep Right and Keep left signs place keep Right or as appropriate. Keep Left Signs at the beginning and end of the lead in taper of cones. These signs will be the same size as the road works ahead sign. MAKE SURE THAT THE SIGNS POINT IN THE CORRECT DIRECTION. Do not turn the sign must not be used for directing pedestrians? Cones & Lamps; Place a line of traffic cones, drums to guide traffic past the works and add road danger lamps in poor daytime visibility and bad weather. Where the traffic is faster the length of taper must be longer. Look at the appendix table for full details of positioning of cones, drums and lamps. Road dangers lamps must be used at night on roads with a speed limit of 70kph or above. On roads with a lower speed limit, judgment may be used whether road danger lamps are needed, depending on the standard street lighting. Danger lamps must not be higher than 1.5 meters above the road (1.2 meters where the speed snit is more than 70 kph) Barriers Barriers may comprise separate portable post and plank systems, gate frames linked together, or semi-permanent constructions built to enclose the actual work site. There are several different requirements for the barrier planks associated with post and plank systems. The following explains the requirements and how they may be met using barrier planks which are red and white and manufactured in the fully retro-reflective materials (Note: Retro-Reflective means that at night the material reflects light back to the light source) Barrier planks are required to carry out three function: SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 As a TRAFFIC BARRIER, when a traffic lane is closed for works to take place, the regulations require this to be done with a retro-reflective red and white barrier plank placed across the lane. This is illustrated in basic signs and equipment. As a PEDESTRIAN BARRIER. Pedestrian must be separated from the works by barriers which are conspicuous and mounted as part of a portable fencing system. pedestrian barrier planks may be of several different contrasting colours, yellow, white or orange colours are best detected by partially sighted people, but red and white is one of the acceptable combinations. As a TAPPING RAIL for blind and partially sighted people. Tapping rails are placed as the bottom rails in a pedestrian fencing system. A red and white barrier plank may be used. All barriers facing vehicular traffic should be of the fully retro-reflective red and white form. Red and white barrier planks do not have to be sued for pedestrian barriers or tapping rails but, if they are they must be retro-reflective. Other planks used for these purposes do not need to be retro-reflective. There are other points to note about the use of barriers planks in portable fencing system) a. The TRAFFIC BARRIER (Lane Closed Sign) is not needed if the works are protected by a conspicuous vehicle. b. Pedestrian barrier system must be rigid enough to guard pedestrians from traffic, excavations, plant or materials. They must be placed with sufficient clearance to prevent pedestrians falling into the excavation and when placed to create a temporary footway in the carriageway parallel to the traffic stream. Consult the supervisor it the excavation is deep, or positioned close to pedestrians, as stronger barriers may be needed and or other safety measures may be required e.g covering or temporarily refiling the excavation. Where a work site may be approached by pedestrians crossing the road from the opposite side, the contractor should place barriers, including tapping rails, all around the excavation, even when pedestrians are not diverted into the carriageway. Where long excavation are sited in situation where pedestrians are not expected to cross from the opposite side, barriers on the traffic stream side of the works area do not need the tapping rail. In these circumstances, on an unrestricted road, the barrier on the traffic stream side can be replaced with an additional row of cones. These cones should be linked with a suitably supported traffic tape to attract attention to the boundary of the safety zone. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Use pedestrian barriers to mark out any temporary footway. The contractor must always use a rigid barrier to protect pedestrians from traffic, excavations, plant or materials. Place road danger lamps at the ends of the barriers at night so that they may be clearly seen by pedestrians. Portable pedestrian barriers. Which may include mesh, should be reasonably rigid, designed to resist being blown over by the wind or passing traffic, and have a handrail fixed at between 1 meter and 1.2 meters above ground level, which should be reasonably smooth and rigid wide pedestrians and give them some measure of support and a visibility panel of at least 150 mm deep which may be integral with the handrail or if separate must be fixed so that its upper edge is a minimum of 0.9 meters above ground level. A tapping rail ( or equivalent reasonably rigid area if the barrier is a vertically continuous one) of minimum depth of 150mm with a lower edge at ground level or set at up to 200 mm above ground level. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Work at Road Junctions: If at all possible maintain the two-way traffic flowing past the works area. If the contractor can’t traffic control a diversion may be required. Put up ‘Road work ahead” sign with arrow plates on the main route if the works are in a side road. See the following picture for details. Give and Take System Traffic Control Only use give and take when all of the following reply The speed limit is 40 KPH or under the length of the works from the start of the lead-in taper to the end of the exit taper is 50 meters or less drivers approaching from either direction can see 50 meters beyond the end of the works two-way traffic flow is less than 20 vehicles counted over 3 minutes (400 vehicles/ hr) Less than 20 heavy goods vehicles pass the works per hour. The signing the contractor will need is shown in the following pictures. SECONDARY INFRASTRUCTURE, PROJECT TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN Contract No 097-C73R Revision 0 Issued Page 1 to 22 Stop-work sign (Short Duration) Traffic Control The Stop-Works sign may only be used to stop traffic for a short period during works on or near a road. It must not be used a substitute for other forms of control And should only be used at sites where the risk is assessed as being low. It is used In a similar manner to the European school crossing patrol sign. Flag men can only be used to “WARN” drivers of coming Dangers. These should wear high visibility clothing and if required be utilized in multiples, i.e. one twofour etc. on the lead-in tapers and where the lanes narrow. The sign must be double sided and mounted on a black/yellow banded pole, and held by the operator who must be wearing high visibility clothing. The sign must be illuminated when used at night. Tow STOP WORK signs may be required in the circumstances such as maneuvering plant or works vehicles. Only use the STOP-WORKS sign when all the following apply On the single carriageway roads When the stoppage is to be for a maximum period of 2 minutes The minimum clear visibility for drivers to the sign is 60 meters for speed limits of 60 kph or under 75 meters for speed limits of 80 kph and above Unless the site is already signed and guarded, additional signs ‘ Traffic control Ahead must be positioned on both approaches when any of the following conditions apply The two-way traffic is greater than 20 vehicles counted over 3 minutes (400 vehicles/ hr) Bends in the road or other obstructions affect visibility The speed limit is 50 and above. See table in Appendix for the siting distances for these signs. Speed Control: The use of speed control as a traffic management option will need to be considered as part of the works planning, as it may not be reasonably practicable to provide full safety zone clearances to suit existing speed limits of 80 or 96 kph. In such cases it may be possible to provide the safety zone clearances applicable to a reduced speed limit of 50 or 70 kph.