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A GUIDE TO CLINICAL RESEARCH WRITING ON PUBLIC HEALTH FOR CLINICAL RESEARCHERS - PUBRICA

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A Guide to Clinical Research Writing on Public Health for Clinical
Researchers
Dr. Nancy Agens, Head,
Technical Operations, Pubrica
[email protected]
II. CLINICAL RESEARCH WRITING
In Brief
Clinical research writing is a specialized
field requiring the expertise of Scientific
Medical Writing who in addition to
providing medical writing help, also help
conform to the requirements of the
Journal, ensure publication and make
relevant contribution to the field of
medical research. Clinicians and medical
researchers often do not have the time, or
the know-how to medical writing and a
lot of significant research outcomes are
lost due to wanting of documentation.
Scientific medical writing companies are
legitimate services that researchers and
clinicians need to avail to contribute
positively to scientific research.
Keywords: Medical Writing Services,
Scientific
Medical
Writing
Services,Scientific
Medical
Writing
Companies,
medical
writing
solutions,regulatory medical writing,
medical manuscript writing, scientific
medical writing,Medical and Scientific
Writing Service, scientific medical
writing,scientific medical writing, medical
writing help, Plagiarism correction.
I. PUBLIC HEALTH
Public Health is defined by
WHOas ―the art and science of preventing
disease, prolonging life and promoting
health through the organized efforts of
society‖ (Acheson, 1988; WHO). Public
health focuses on the entire spectrum of
health and wellbeing, not only the
eradication of particular diseases.
Copyright © 2020 pubrica. All rights reserved
Clinical research is the backbone of public
health. Summarizing the findings in the
form of a research article is the last and
most important step in clinical research. It
is the ethical and moral duty of researchers
to provide accurate and clear information
about the research. This is relevant as it
not only communicates the essence of the
research conducted but also provides
direction for future research.
The scientific community today
recognizes the importance of scientific
medical writing, and so, several medical
writing services and scientific medical
writing companies have come into being to
provide the much-neededexpertise in
regulatory medical writing and medical
manuscript writing.
With the increase in a number of
journals, digital and print options, the
number of options for publications has
increased exponentially over the last few
decades. Yet only a small fraction of
written
find
their
way
into
publications.This is because few of us are
taught how to write a research article, how
to document the findings, how to
summarise statistical findings in the form
of tables and graphs, how to derive
conclusions,What are the ethical issues
involved, how to choose the appropriate
Journal and how to communicate during
the process of publication. Scientific
medical writing services do exactly this
and provide appropriate medical writing
help to ensure publication in the desired
Journal.
Professional
medical
writing
solutions are legitimate and well accepted
in the field of scientific medical writing by
1
the medical fraternity. However, the
medical world is still not fully aware that it
is ethical to use scientific medical writing
services for clinical research writing.
III. WRITING A GOOD RESEARCH
ARTICLE
Broadly, there are two aspects to
writing a good research article - Content
and format. Content should be plagiarism
free, up to date, relevant, crisp, and clear.
The format should follow Journal
instruction for authors as far as possible.
Research articles that conform to the
Journal requirements are more likely to be
taken as it saves time, energy, and money
for the publishers.
IV. A GOOD TITLE
A good title for a research article
should be concise, precise, and
informative. It should also include
keywords that would show up during a
digital search.
V. ABSTRACT - A GOOD SUMMARY
An abstract helps a reader decide
whether he/she wants to continue reading
the entire article. After the title, it is the
second most often read part of being a
research article —consistency between the
article and its abstract needs to be ensured
by using similar wording in both sections.
Hence, the abstract should always be
written after writing the entire article.
Most journals ask for a structured
abstract consisting of
 objectives
 methodology (setting of the study,
participants, interventions, and
outcomes)
 results
 conclusions
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VI. INTRODUCTION
A good introduction should have
the scientific background and provide the
build-up to the study.It should begin by
explaining how the issue under study is of
public health interest. It should provide a
good summary of all scientific literature
that is relevant to the current research
study starting from the already established
outcomes to the arena of the unknown. It
should finally define the study objectives
clearly and provide justification for the
research project.
VII. METHODS
In a logical and chronological
fashion, the study methodology should be
described with respect to the study setting,
the participants, the sample size and
distribution, the inclusion and exclusion
criteria, the study design and type of study,
interventionsare undertaken and statistical
methods used for summarising and
analyzing the data. Ethical issues,
including regulatory approvals and
consent, should be clearly defined.
Information provided should be accurate,
complete, and concise.
VIII. RESULTS
Results should correlate with the
findings mentioned under methodology
and should be summarised in the form of
tables, graphs, and figures as far as
possible. Long texts and jargon should be
avoided by reporting results objectively
and honestly. Text is used only for
subjective evaluation of the results. This
section usually follows a distinct pattern of
reporting.
Patient
demographic
information is initially summarised,
followed by primary outcomes (in
different demographic groups) followed by
secondary outcomes.Negative outcomes
and limitations of the study are then
mentioned, followed by ambiguous areas.
2
IX. DISCUSSION
This section discusses the meaning
of the study outcomes and compares them
with the outcomes of other similar studies.
The structure of this section includes the
presentation of the primary findings
followed by comparison with previous
studies and assessing the strengths and
limitations of the study. Grey areas of the
study
are
highlighted
mentioning
requirement for further research and
suggest a methodology for the same.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Boutron I, Ravaud P PLoS Med. 2013 Dec;
10(12):e1001566; discussion e1001566.
Recommendations on Publication Ethics Policies for
Medical
Journals.Available
from: http://www.wame.org/about/recommendation
s-on-publication-ethics-policie#Authorship .
Heinemann M. How NOT to Write a Medical Paper:
A Practical Guide. Delhi: Thieme Medical and
Scientific Publishers, 2016.
Lang T. How to Write, Publish, and Present in the
Health Sciences: A Guide for Clinicians and
Laboratory Scientists. Philadelphia: American
College of Physicians, 2010.
Lang, T. (2017). Writing a better research
article. Journal Of Public Health And Emergency,
1(12).
Retrieved
from http://jphe.amegroups.com/article/view/4265
X. CONCLUSIONS
This section is optional, and
content should be supported by the study
findings.
XI. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Source of funding and any relevant
conflict of interest needs to be mentioned
in this section. It also acknowledges
someone with a significant contribution to
the study but who cannot be mentioned as
an author.
XII. FUTURE SCOPES
Researchers should extensively
avail the expertise of professional medical
writers provided by medical writing
companies to improve the quality,
standardize the format of research article
writing and improve chances of acceptance
by the Journal.
REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.
4.
https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/Healthsystems/public-health-services
Das N, Das S. Knowledge, and attitudes of Indian
surgeons regarding professional medical writing
support. PerspectClin Res. 2018;9:127–32.
Sharma S. (2018). Professional medical writing
support: The need of the day. Perspectives in
clinical
research, 9(3),
111–112.
https://doi.org/10.4103/picr.PICR_47_18
Timing and completeness of trial results posted at
ClinicalTrials.gov and published in journals.
Riveros C, Dechartres A, Perrodeau E, Haneef R,
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