Republic of the Philippines CAVITE STATE UNIVERSITY Don Severino delas Alas Campus Indang, Cavite GRADUATE SCHOOL AND OPEN LEARNING COLLEGE EMGT 365 – Management and Organizational Behavior ASSIGNMENT NO. 1 Name: _______Kate_________________ Date ______7/24/2020_____________ Direction: The following are the questions that you need to answer as part of our requirements in class. Instead of usual reporting, I would like to know your thoughts on the topics for our course. You may use examples in your organization to prove your point, if necessary. 1. What is Organizational Behavior and Its Goals? Organizational behavior (OB) is the academic study of the ways people act within groups. Its principles are applied primarily in attempts to make businesses operate more effectively. One of the main goals of organizational behavior (OB) is to explain the behavior of employees to determine why they act the way they do. Another objective is to predict how they will act before they do anything, which often makes it easier for managers to plan their next step. Additionally, those who use this business theory may seek to control the behavior of their employees to fix any issues.Another of the goals of organizational behavior is the ability to control how employees act. This usually only comes after observing them and successfully predicting their behavior, and it often controversial, because many believe it is not ethical to use observation to control people. 2. Why do we need to understand the behavior and attitudes of all employees in an organizational setting ? Those who apply organizational behavior to their business usually start by simply studying employees. They may look at their overall attitudes and habits to determine what may need to change. Some concrete details they may gather include facts about productivity, turnover rates and absenteeism, all of which can tell a lot about employee attitudes. Once they collect some observations, they can satisfy one of the goals of organizational behavior, which is to explain the attitude of employees. Once an explanation is obtained through observation, those in charge of studying workplace behavior may try to predict how employees will react to a change. This may be useful when deciding whether to introduce a new concept to the workplace. If a manager is not sure how employees may react to a major change, then he might make a few smaller modifications to gauge employee reaction. Then, based on his findings, he can usually predict how workers will react to a bigger change within the company. This may help prevent employee resistance to modifications at work, because the manager may be able to present the change to workers in a different way or avoid it altogether. 3. Who are the individual workers in your school? In my school, I think the individual workers are all of the staffs. Some of them are teacher who teach student, some of them are worker who manage student, and some of them are the people who supply and fix the facilities to ensure us have a wonderful school time. 4. Discuss how the following factors make an individual worker unique from one another? a. Personality Personality is the set of emotional qualities, ways of behaving, etc., that makes a person different from other people. Because of different people has different individual personality, there will be a complex relationship between each other. Even though they regard the same thing, different people will have different solution and attitude to solve the problem. That is the reason why personality can make individual worker unique from one another. b. Values The word “values” here has a meaning of a principle or quality that is valuable or desirable. It means that different people has different values, in most of time, the closest friend have the related values, otherwise they will not come to closest friend. So in the school, individual worker has individual values, different values will lead them to do different things, for example, some of the worker will work hard whatever how much salary they can get, some of them will get slack off in they work even though they have a very high salary. c. Attitude In Chinese, there is a sentence “The attitude determines your altitude and your aptitude”. Different attitude will lead you to a different future. In a workplace, if your attitude is very active in your work, when the boss appreciate you, you will improve your position and get higher salary. But if your attitude is very negative, your boss will not be satisfied with your work, and most likely you will be fired sooner or later. That’s the importance of attitude in people’s life. 5. What is workplace diversity? What are the benefits of diversity in the workplace? Workplace diversity describes the qualities that all employees bring to our agency as a result of their different experiences, backgrounds and beliefs. These may include gender, age, language, ethnicity, cultural background, disability, religious belief, sexual orientation, working style, educational level, professional skills, work experience, socioeconomic background, marital status and/or family responsibilities. Workplace diversity involves acknowledging the value of our employees and how their differences can improve the workplace for both the organization and the individual. workplace diversity offers many positives for employers and employees: A) Perspectives Having a mix of cultures, ethnicities and ages in the workplace can bring a variety of points of view to any project. As such, problems can be thought out and viewed from fresh eyes. B) Tolerance Working with people who come from different backgrounds and walks of life enhances the personal tolerance levels of every individual employee. C) Fairness A more diverse workplace is viewed, from an outside perspective, as being more open to accepting qualified applicants. Often an employer is seen as "color blind," hiring purely on the merit of its employees. D) Skill Set When a workplace has a number of different demographics it gives the company a much broader skill set to draw upon, including cultural understanding and foreign language. E) Legal Protection One of the clearest, though not as often quoted, benefits of a diverse workplace is that it is less likely that an employer will be the subject of discrimination claims.