# Core Concepts 1-1 Geography The Study of the Earth

```Geography: The Study of the Earth
Core Concepts 1.1- pgs. 4-5
I. Geography- The study of ____________ and ____________________________ features of Earth.
A. Two questions geographers try to answer:
1. ___________ are things located?
2. __________ are they there?
II. Directions
A. Cardinal Directions: __________, ______________, _______________, ________________
B. Intermediate directions- Lie between cardinal directions. Example:
1. _________________ is halfway between north and west.
2. _________________ is halfway between south and east.
III. _________________ Location- ________________ place on the Earth’s surface.
A. The Earth is a ______________- rounded-shaped body.
B. Geographers have drawn _________________ lines around Earth to _______________ places.
1. _____________ are units that measure angles.
2. _______________ measure smaller units.
3. _________________ measure even smaller units.
C. __________________- Imaginary lines that circle the Earth east to west.
1. __________________ is halfway between the ____________ and ______________ Poles.
2. The Equator is known as 0 ______________ latitude, also written 0&deg;.
3. ________________ is distance _____________ and _________________ of the Equator.
4. Lines of latitude are also called __________________ because they never __________________.
5. The half of Earth ____________ of the Equator is the _____________________ Hemisphere
6. The half of Earth _____________ of the Equator is the ___________________ Hemisphere
D. _________________- Imaginary lines that circle the Earth _______________ to __________________.
1. One special line is the ___________ ______________ which passes through Greenwich, England.
2. The Prime Meridian is known as 0-___________ longitude. Also written 0&deg;.
3. Lines of _______________ measure distance ________ and ____________of the Prime Meridian.
4. The half of Earth _________ of the Prime Meridian is the ____________________ Hemisphere.
5. The half of Earth _________of the Prime Meridian is the ___________________ Hemisphere
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