Tharani Veerangavedu Balasubramaniam April 22nd, 2020 Psyc 2103 Perez-Gramaje, A., Garcia, O., Reyes, M., Serra, E., Garcia, F. (2020). Parenting styles and aggressive adolescents: Relationships with self-esteem and personal maladjustment. The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context, 12(1), 1-10. In past studies, there were opposing perspectives and inconsistent results about the impact of strict and warmth parenting practices on the developmental outcome of adolescents. This study examines the impact of parenting approach on aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents and their socialization patterns. Adolescent socialization pattern was evaluated with self-esteem and their personal maladjustment factors. The research was conducted with a sample of 969 high school adolescents of 12 to 17 years old through questionnaires during the class time. The parenting approach was classified based on the median split procedure using warmth and strictness scales, and aggression scale was used to categorize the adolescents. It was hypothesized that 1) aggressive children would be linked with the psychological maladjustment, and 2) Indulgent and authoritative parenting styles would be correlated with the optimal socialization pattern when compared to the other two parenting styles irrespective of the sex and age of the participants. The actual findings concluded the proposed hypothesis. In addition to that, it was found that family self-esteem could be different in aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents depending on the parenting style. Also, self-esteem and maladjustment outcome varied depending on the age and sex of the participants supporting the results of previous studies. The major strength of the study is that self-esteem and psychological maladjustment patterns are thoroughly measured using Personality Assessment Questionnaires and Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale, which provides the base for the analysis of socialization pattern of aggressive and non-aggressive adolescents. Further, the comparison made between all four parenting styles clearly demonstrated that aggressive kids with warmth parenting approach showed optimal self-esteem when compared to non-aggressive adolescents who grew up in an authoritarian parenting style. One of the major limitations in this study is that the research was conducted only with Spanish male and female adolescents, which cannot be generalized for other communities. Sampling could have been taken from youngsters belonging to diversified ethnicity and gender (LGBTQ) for better results. Further, the evaluation was done in schools with permission from parents and administration, so the data shared by kids could be inaccurate in order to avoid the conflicts. Data could have been gathered from both parents and their kids in order to avoid the data inaccuracy. Adolescent delinquents can be included as the participants for future studies since that would effectively determine the impact of parenting style in the juvenile’s aggressiveness. A longitudinal study can be conducted with the sampling group to track the long-term results in the later stages of development. The experimental method can be followed in order to comprehend if the change from the authoritarian approach to an indulgent parenting style could cause an improved socialization pattern with the teen delinquents.