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Advancements in the development of Smart Grid Beyond 2030 - Phdassistance.com

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ADVANCEMENTS IN THE
DEVELOPMENT OF SMART
GRID BEYOND 2 0 3 0
An Academic presentation by
Dr. Nancy Agens, Head, Technical Operations, Phdassistance
Group www.phdassistance.com
Email: [email protected]
TODAY'S DISCUSSION
Outline
In Brief
Introduction
Features of the Smart Grid
Advantages of 5G Networks in Smart Grid
Industry and Smart Grid
Conclusion
Future Scopes
In Brief
The recent emerging technology in the power system is the smart grid with assured
efficiency, reliability, interoperability, and security. This system is facing many
challenges based on constraints like advance measuring and sensing system,
integrated communication system, advance grid components, advance control
methods, and advance interface and decision support. Information technology is used
by the smart grid which is a planned nationwide network and is used to deliver
electricity in a secure, reliable, and efficient way. The smart grid is also meant as
electricity with the brain which facilitates two-way communication, and flow of
energy and information to and fro.
Introduction
The smart Grid is an electric power system that is used as an end-to-end cyber-enabled system.
A Smart grid uses fuel source to production, transmission, supply, and end-use that will:
1.Facilitate the integration of renewable energy resources that is intermittent, and also helps
in de-carbonizing the power systems.
2.It permits secure and consistent power and information flow through both ways.
3.Facilitates effective demand management, energy efficiency, and customer choice.
4.Self-healing through power disturbance measures, and
5.Function robustly against cyber and physical attacks.
Features of the Smart Grid
a. Integration of Renewable energy resources into thegrid
The best possible allocation and control decision of penetration of renewable energy
resources into the grid helps to reduce the loss and cost of operating, thereby
improving the efficiency of the Smart Grid and their sustainability.
Structuring, control issues, and optimization are essential for the development of the
Smart Grids.
The latest techniques such as mixed-integer programming, stochastic programming,
heuristic method, adaptive dynamic programming or evolutionary programming can
be used to achieve optimization and control issues.
Contd..
b. Two-way communication
The infrastructure of the communication should be in place between the electricity
market and the transmission system, generating facilities and the system operator.
Information on various power system parameters are collected using smart devices
like special monitors, smart meters, sensors, and the collected information is
transmitted to the controlling and monitoring equipment.
Information is transmitted by smart devices through the two-way communication path.
The medium of communication is radio frequency communications, power line carrier
(PLC) communications, cellular communication, internet through WiFi networks, fiber
optic, satellite, etc or a hybrid network.
Contd..
Figure 1 Two-way
communication
and Control
Contd..
Table 1 Comparison
of Features between
Conventional
grid and smart grid
Contd..
Advantages of 5G Networks in Smart Grid
5G networks facilitate fetching high-quality services with improved scalability in the
Smart Grid.
The conservative state estimation has limitations which show the computational
complexity and delay in communication, and are caused due to the dynamic and
the distributed power grids.
Therefore by implementing the 5G network, this can be easily ignored and also it
facilitates distributed and advanced state estimation schemes.
Contd..
Figure 2: Advantages
of 5G networks in
Smart Grid
Industry and Smart Grid
A smart grid is an electricity grid and integrates the actions and behavior of all entities
connected. Three types of entities are there in the SG.
They are generators that produce electricity, consumers who consume electricity, and the
entities that can do both actions.
These entities together form a peer-to-peer network to make certain whether the
distribution of the electricity is efficient.
This network also helps to minimize the loss, produce high quality, and maintain low losses
and a high level of quality.
Figure 3
Industry and
Smart Grid
There are many communication technologies like wired and
wireless communication technologies that are used in the
smart grid.
Conclusion
Smart Grid systems also help in improving the efficiency of
energy sources, cost, utility, and emission.
The main goal of the smart grid is to improve the efficiency of
energy, demand and supply, emission control, reduction of
operation cost, and increasing utility.
One of the significant objectives in Smart Grid is the reduction
of CO2 emission.
Future Scopes
The 5G services in the smart grid help to create extensively and the significant
acquisition of information sharing from the system at the exact timescale as well as
innovative computing techniques and huge storage backup.
This offers vast support for future smart grids which helps in monitoring the access
and improving the control amongst large networks.
This work establishes the emergence of the new age 5G networks with smart grids
and paves the way for the new researchers to work on emerging technology with
smart grids.
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