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The impact of cardiovascular diseases in patients with respiratory disease - Pubrica

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THE IMPACT OF
CARDIOVASCULAR
DISEASES IN PATIENTS WITH
RESPIRATORY DISEASE
An Academic presentation by
Dr. Nancy Agens, Head, Technical Operations, Pubrica
Group: www.pubrica.com
Email: [email protected]
Today's Discussion
Outline
In brief
Introduction
Exchange of Gases between the Heart and Lungs
How can the Heart Affect Breathing
Pulmonary Abnormalities and its Association with Cardiac Disease
How Cardiac Disease Affects the Pulmonary System
Conclusion
In Brief
The relationship between respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and the effect
of cardiovascular diseases in patients with respiratory disease are still unclear.
This study determines the relationship between the individual cardiovascular
disease with the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and
interstitial lung disease (ILD). Pulmonary disease is independently associated
with cardiac conditions, mostly during Heart Failure (HF), and Ischemic Heart
Disease (IHD), which significantly contributes to all-cause mortality.
Introduction
The thoracic cavity contains the heart and the lungs, which are intimately connected.
Though they are independent organ with different functions, they work together to ensure
that all the cells in the body get the oxygen to survive.
Breathing or the inhalation process is spontaneous and are effortless, but at times it can
be very challenging.
The complications present in the respiratory system or lungs such as infection,
inflammation, allergies, asthma, bronchitis can lead to difficulties in breathing.
Contd..
Exchange of Gases between the Heart and Lungs:
The primary function of the heart is to pump the blood around the body, and that circulation
process takes blood into the lungs to top up the oxygen and removes other gases presents in
the blood as it makes sure the Red Blood Cells are oxygenated.
The exchange of gasses in the blood is the coordination process between the heart and lungs,
and the oxygen attaches to a protein called haemoglobin in the RBC.
The charged or the oxygenated blood returns to the heart where it will be pumped back to the
tissues and organs of the body through the blood vessels and capillaries.
The body cells use the transported oxygen and release CO2, which as de-oxygenated blood
will be moved back to the heart through veins and further the heart pumps it into the lungs.
How can the Heart Affect Breathing?
The function of the human body is a delicate and finely balanced system,
so when some significant part of the organs goes wrong, it can have
enormous effects in function.
For instance, the heart is damaged or diseased, and it cannot be able to
pump efficiently, and that can significantly affect the lungs, meaning that
breathing can be impaired.
Pulmonary Abnormalities and its
Association with Cardiac Disease:
Pulmonary abnormalities are often present in patients with respiratory disorders, which
includes neuromuscular, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, sarcoidosis and
idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
The interactions between the cardiovascular system and the lungs has been increasingly
studied, the most common cause of pressure overload is Pulmonary Arterial
Hypertension (PAH).
Pulmonary hypertension is classified as Group III in World Health Organization (WHO)
scheme, and it is also known as pulmonary heart disease.
The development of pulmonary heart disease is typically related to weaker prognosis
and increased death.
How Cardiac Disease Affects the
Pulmonary System?
The evolving research data regarding pulmonary vascular abnormalities in the most
common respiratory disorders.
It is mandatory to explore the relationship between cardiovascular death, and Chronic
Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, atherosclerosis, and systemic inflammation.
Cardiovascular disease and respiratory disorder are frequently coexisting as the
shared risk factors are common.
There are extensive data to show that lung diseases, particularly chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease, adversely affect the prognosis of patients with cardiac conditions.
Conclusion
Cardiovascular and respiratory diseases are the leading causes of premature death
worldwide where half of all deaths from cardiovascular disease are quick and
unexpected.
Though studying two major organs and its relation involves more complexity in identifying
new procedures as research professional develop their understanding of some of the
most common and rarer types of heart and lung diseases.
The complex nature of the cardiac and respiratory disease will also be explored,
particularly concerning the coordination between cardiovascular death, atherosclerosis,
and systemic inflammation.
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