Home Quiz #11 The Vault What is found inside the vault? Where is this vault located? The Svalbard Global Seed Vault or “The Vault” houses the world’s “library” of seeds with a capacity to store 4.5 million varieties of crops. Each variety will contain on average 500 seeds, so a maximum of 2.5 billion seeds may be stored in the Vault. Figure 1: Svalbard. Google Maps It is strategically located deep inside a mountain for several reasons. The island of Svalbard it is the farthest any person can fly on a scheduled flight and therefore guarantees absolute seclusion. The Vault is located between mainland Norway and the North Pole (78° N, 15° E) 100 meters into the mountain. Figure 2: Jørgen. (n.d) Pinerest. Svalbard Global Seed Vault Diagram. (https://www.pinterest.ph/pin/72690981471837866/) Th area is politically and geologically stable. It is 130m above sea level and therefore guarantees no risk of ocean flooding. The temperature and humidity keeps the samples cold and dry even if the artificial cooling breaks down due to permafrost. Recently, one country requested for seeds inside the vault. Which country was this? What was the reason for the request? In 2015, the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) requested the withdrawal of seeds from the depository in Svalbard as the war in Syria made the Aleppo gene bank inaccessible.