Glossary Chapter 1 Arrangement How objects are positioned in space, relative to one another. Asymmetrical balance When objects are placed unequally on either side of an imaginary vertical line in the center of the page. Canvas size The fully editable area of an image. Copyright The right of an author or creator of a work to copy, distribute, and modify a thing, idea, or image; a type of intellectual property. Creative Commons licenses License that allows you to keep your copyright, while allowing others to copy and distribute your work under your conditions, without lawyers and expensive fees. Depth of field A characteristic of a camera that can be used to enhance the image composition. Derivative work A new, original product that includes content from previously existing work. Digital image A picture in electronic form. It may be referred to as a file, document, picture, or image. Dock A collection of panels or buttons below a dark gray bar. Drop zone A blue outline area that indicates where a panel can be moved. Fair use doctrine Allows a user to make a copy of all or part of a work within specific parameters of usage, even if permission has not been granted. Field of view Includes the content you want to include in an image and the angle you choose to shoot from. Flatten To merge all visible layers into one layer, named the Background layer, and delete all hidden layers, greatly reducing file size. Framing To center object(s) or interest in the foreground, which gives an image a feeling of depth. Image-editing Used to manipulate graphic images that can be posted on websites or reproduced by professional printers using full-color processes. Intellectual property An image or idea that is owned and retained by legal control. Logo A distinctive image used to identify a company, project, or organization. Metering Provides a way for digital cameras to compensate for a variety of lighting conditions. Optical center The point around which objects on the page are balanced; occurs approximately 3/8ths from the top of the page. Options bar Located at the top of the workspace and displays the settings for the active tool. Panels Floating windows that can be moved and are used to modify objects. Pixels Very small squares that make up an image; each dot in a bitmapped image that represents a color or shade. Preferences Used to control the Photoshop environment using your specifications. Rulers Onscreen markers that help you precisely measure and position an object. Scale The size relationship of objects to one another. Sharpness Used to direct the viewer's eye to a specific area of an image. Splash screen A window that displays information about the software you are using. Spring-loaded keyboard shortcuts A feature that lets you temporarily change the active tool by pressing and holding the key that changes to another tool. Status bar The area located at the bottom of the program window (Win) or the work area (Mac) that displays information such as the file size of the active window and a description of the active tool. Symmetrical balance When objects are placed equally on either side of an imaginary vertical line in the center of the page. Tone The brightness and contrast within an image. Tools panel Contains tools for frequently used commands. Type Text, or a layer containing text. Each character is measured in points. Workspace The entire window, from the Application bar at the top of the window, to the status bar at the bottom border of the program window.