Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Lecture 18 Moment-Distribution Method The moment-distribution method of analysis provides a means of analyzing statically indeterminate beams and frames by relatively simple hand calculations. It is basically an iteration procedure. Definitions: Member Stiffness Factor (kij) It is the moment required to rotate the end, while acting on it, through a unit angle, without translation of the far end. It is denoted by the letter k. the stiffness factor for a beam AB at A is given by: = carryover moment = applied moment = applied moment B A A B L L EI= constant πΎπ΄π΅ = EI= constant 4 πΈπΌ πΏ πΎπ΄π΅ = 3 πΈπΌ πΏ Thus, it may summarize that the stiffness factor of a member ij at the end i is given by πΎππ = πΎππ = 4 πΈπΌ πΏ 3 πΈπΌ πΏ if far end j of member is fixed if far end j of member is hinged Carryover Factor (C.O.F.) 1 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage It is the ratio of moment produced at a joint to the moment applied at the other joint, without displacing it. The carryover factor from point A to point B is given by: 1 πππ = { 2 0 ππ π‘βπ πππ πππ π΅ ππ πππ₯ππ ππ π‘βπ πππ πππ π΅ ππ βπππππ Distribution Factor (D.F.) The distribution factor for a member is equal to the stiffness of the member divided by the sum of the stiffnesses of all members meeting at the joint. It is denoted by the letter d. πππ = πΎππ ∑πΎ Notes: 1. The distribution factor is zero for a fixed end and one for an end roller or hinged support. 2. The sum of all the distribution factors at a joint must equal one. 2 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Fixed-End Moments (F.E.M.) The moments at the fixed end of a loaded member are called fixed-end moments. It can be determined from Table below. 3 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown in Fig. by using the moment-distribution method. 18 kN/m 1 38 kN 2 2I 3 I 6m 2m 2m Solution: Fixed -End Moment πΉ π12 −π€πΏ2 −18 ∗ (6)2 = = = −54 ππ. π 12 12 πΉ π21 π€πΏ2 18 ∗ (6)2 = = = +54 ππ. π 12 12 πΉ π23 = −ππΏ −38 ∗ 4 = = −19 ππ. π 8 8 πΉ π32 = +ππΏ 38 ∗ 4 = = +19 ππ. π 8 8 Stiffness Factor (Kij) Distribution Factor (dij) 4 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage 18 kN/m 1 2I 38 kN 2 3 I 6m 2m 5 2m Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown in Fig. by using the moment-distribution method. 80 kN 1 2I 6m 24 kN/m 2 2m 3I 6m 3 I 6m 4 Solution: F. E. M. Stiffness factors (Kij) Distribution Factors 6 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage 80 kN 1 2I 6m 24 kN/m 2 2m 3I 6m 7 3 I 6m 4 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown in Fig. by using the moment-distribution method. 24 kN/m 1 80 kN 3 2 I 1.25 m I 5m Solution: Fixed End Moments: 1.25 m Stiffness Factors Distribution Factors: 8 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage 24 kN/m 1 80 kN 3 2 I 1.25 m I 5m 9 1.25 m Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the beam shown in Fig. by using the moment-distribution method. 10 kN/m 1 I 6m 2 30 kN 3 I 9m 4 4m Solution: Treating overhang portion 10 kN/m 1 I 6m 2 I -120 kN.m 3 9m Fixed End Moments: Stiffness Factors: Distribution Factors: 10 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage 10 kN/m 1 I 6m 2 I 9m 11 30 kN 3 4 4m Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the frame shown in Fig. below by using the moment-distribution method. 2 kN/m 3 40 kN 2I 5 4 2I 10 m I I 10 m 2 1 30 m 30 m Solution: Fixed End Moments: Stiffness Factors: 12 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Distribution Factors: 13 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Example: Draw the bending moment diagram for the frame shown in Fig. below by using the moment-distribution method. 36 kN 64.8 kN/m 1 2 2I 5m I 4 1.5 m 3 5m Solution: Fixed End Moments: 14 Lecture 18 Dr. Abdulkhaliq A. Jaafer Misan University Theory of Structures Third Stage Stiffness Factors: Distribution Factors: 15 Lecture 18