Uploaded by kharov98

Growth and Development through the Lifespan QUESTIONS and ANSWERS. Exam Revision

advertisement
Answers at the end of this paper
For each of the following questions, choose the one best answer.
1. Which of the following is an example of health promotion in early adulthood?
a. Breast self-examinations for women
b. Stress management
c. Using seat belts
d. Being immunized against hepatitis B
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
2. What is the major reason for obesity during early adulthood?
a. Maturing of muscles and bones
b. Overindulgence in food and alcohol
c. Lack of exercise
d. Decline in the basal metabolic rate
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
3. A theorist who analyzed the cognitive workings of early adulthood was
a. Freud.
b. Skinner.
c. Bandura.
d. Piaget.
4. Schaie believed that young adults differ from adolescents in the way that they
_______ their cognitive abilities.
a. memorize
b. neglect
c. analyze
d. use
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
5. The early adult years are often referred to as a
a. time of firsts.
b. time of crises.
c. time of anxiety.
d. time of regression.
6. Famous for his “seasons of life” concept is
a. Freud.
b. Maslow.
c. Levinson.
d. Valliant.
7. Which of the following is an example of a nonstochastic theory of aging?
a. Exposure to radiation that causes mutation in DNA
b. Damage to cell membranes by free radicals
c. Genetically programmed changes (e.g., menopause)
d. Increase in connective tissue
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
8. Which of the following is (are) the most significant risk factor(s) for cardiovascular
disease?
a. Smoking and hypertension
b. Diabetes and high cholesterol
c. Obesity and stress
d. Being male
9. The person most responsible for the intelligence testing movement was
a. Thorndike.
b. Webster.
c. Rorschach.
d. Binet.
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
10. ______intelligence tends to be more creative in nature.
a. Fluid
b. Crystallized
c. Convergent
d. Conceptual
11. An event long thought to be inescapable during middle adulthood is
a. marriage.
b. divorce.
c. midlife crisis.
d. health problems.
12. When people believe they possess the competence to do what needs to be done, they
have a sense of
a. confidence.
b. self-fulfilling prophecy.
c. self-expectation.
d. self-efficacy.
13. What causes osteoporosis?
a. Decrease in calcium in the diet
b. Decreased utilization of calcium
c. History of bone fractures
d. Small bone structure
14. Which of the following is evidence of heart disease later in life?
a. Prolonged contraction time of the heart muscle
b. Increased rigidity of the heart valves
c. Neither a nor b
d. Both a and b
15. A cognitive ability that seems to decline with age is
a. assimilation.
b. speed of processing.
c. notational accommodation.
d. schema structuring.
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
16. Any loss in cognitive functioning in these years may be offset by acquired ______and
______.
a. assimilation, accommodation
b. cognition, emotion
c. introjection, regression
d. knowledge, skill
17. These later years are Erikson’s time of integrity or
a. despair.
b. transition.
c. displacement.
d. rationalization.
18. The person who is widely credited with making the needs of the dying more well
known is
a. Skinner.
b. Piaget.
c. Freud.
d. Kubler-Ross.
Answers available here https://bit.ly/34OBoRN
Download