Uploaded by msnayande


Causative agents of Shigellosis
Classification of the
Family:Enterobacteriaceae Genus Shigella
S. boydii
S. dysenteriae
S. flexneri
S. sonnei
Shigella species are classified by
four serogroups:
Serogroup A: S. dysenteriae (15
Serogroup B: S. flexneri (six serotypes)
Serogroup C: S. boydii (19 serotypes)
Serogroup D: S. sonnei (one serotype)
Smear of pure culture Shigella flexneri
1) Gram stain
2) Fluoresence
CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS .Growth on Selective Medium
Growth on the Endo’s medium
Growth perculiarities on the Ploskirev’s
Growth perculiarities on the
A proposed model for invasion of epithelial cells of the colon.
1) Shigella can induce the host epithelial cells to produce signaling molecules that
attract phagocytic, antigen-presenting dendritic cells to the area. The Shigella enter the
dendritic cells and use them to carry the Shigella through the intestinal wall to the
2) The Shigella subsequently escapes from the dendritic cell by inducing apoptosis, a
programmed cell suicide.
3) The Shigella then uses its invasins to enter the mucosal epithelial cells from
underneath. The invasins cause actin polymer rearrangements in the cell's cytoskeleton
resulting in the bacterium being engulfed and placed in an endocytic vesicle in a
manner similar to phagocytic cells. Once inside, the Shigella escape from the vacuole
into the cytoplasm and multiply.
4) The Shigella are able to move through the host cell and spread to adjacent host cells
by a unique process called actin-based motility. In this process, actin filaments
polymerize at one end of the bacterium, producing comet-like tails that propel
the Shigella through the cytoplasm of the host cell.
5) When they reach the boundary of that cell, the actin filaments push
the Shigella across that membrane and into the adjacent cell.
Serologic identification of selected cultures is carried out for
by the agglutination reaction on the glass first with a mixture of sera
against the species S. flexneri and S.sonney, then monovalent and
monoreceptor serums