Uploaded by Raquel Kalloo

Worksheets-Biology

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Worksheet 1: Biochemistry

Name:

1.

The three types of chemistry are _____________________, ___________________ and

__________________

2.

Inorganic chemistry studies molecules found in

(living things / non-living things)

and that

(contain

/ don’t contain)

Carbon atoms (C).

3.

Match the following definitions with their appropriate terms.

Definition

______Water is attracted to solid surfaces

______Causes molecules to bond

______Dissolves substances

Terms

A

B.

C

. Solvent

Cohesion

. Adhesion

______Ability to spread through fine pores

D.

Capillary

4.

The polar nature of water causes water molecules to be

(attracted / repelled)

to one another. The

(positively/ negatively)

charged region of one water molecule is attracted to the

(positively/ negatively)

charged region of another water molecule. This attraction is called a

_____________________, which is the

(force/polarity)

of attraction between a hydrogen molecule with a partial

(positive / negative)

charge and another atom or molecule with a partial or full negative charge.

5.

Describe the characteristics that make Carbon atoms suitable for biological systems

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

6.

In a covalent bond

(electrons are unevenly shared / protons are unevenly shared / electrons are evenly shared)

, meanwhile in an ionic

bond (electrons are unevenly shared / protons are unevenly shared / neutrons are evenly shared).

7.

_____________________have multiple Carbons, while _______________________ only have one Carbon.

8.

A triglyceride is composed by 3____________________ and 1 __________________

9.

Draw an amino acid molecule and label its main functional groups:

Worksheet 2: Cytology

Name:

1.

Cells are __________________________________________________ and they can be both

____________________ and ___________________________.

2.

An example of a unicellular organism is: a.

Polar Bear b.

Humans

3.

An example of a multicellular organism is: c.

Bacteria d.

Plants a.

Bacteria b.

Polar Bear c.

Archaea d.

An eukaryotic bacteria

4.

Describe the major contributions of Hooke and Leeuwenhoek to cell biology.

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

5.

Explain how the 3 types of microscopes work and what you can see with each one of them:

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

6.

The three postulates of the cell theory state that: a.

_______________________________________________________________ b.

_______________________________________________________________ c.

_______________________________________________________________

7.

Prokaryotes are

(complex/simple)

cells and they presumably were the

(last / first)

cells on Earth.

They are characterized for

(having / not having)

a bounded nucleus.

8.

Eukaryotic cells are found in the following kingdoms: ___________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

9.

Classify the following graphs as Eukaryote or Prokaryote. Then identify if they are from an animal cell, plant cell or a bacterium. In the back of the worksheet

draw each cell and label its main parts

Worksheet 3: Molecule Transport

Name:

1.

2.

3.

The two roles of the cell membrane in the cell is to _____________________ and

_______________________________________________________________________________ components: The cell membrane is composed by the following biochemical a._________________________ and b. _____________________________.

Match the following definitions with their terms

Mixtures of substances

The same

Removes particles form the cell

Transport that uses chemical energy

Water molecules move from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration

Molecules are equally spread out

Less

Transport that doesn’t use chemical energy

Definitions

Takes in liquids

Molecules move from an area of greater concentration to lesser concentration.

Takes molecules into the cell

Takes in food

A. Osmosis

B. Active transport

C. Endocytosis

D. ISO

E. Solutions

F. Equilibrium

G. Phagocytosis

H. HYPO

I. Diffusion

J. Pinocytosis

K. Passive transport

L. Exocytosis

4.

5.

Write the 2 most important cations that participate in active transport: _______________________

Draw an label the parts of the cellular membrane:

Worksheet 4: Nucleic Acids

Name:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

DNA stands for _______________________________________________________

DNA was first discovered in __________________________, but its iconic shape was established in _____________________________.

Nucleotides are the___________________________ of the DNA chain; they are made up of a

__________________________, __________________________, and a ___________________.

Describe the shape and structure of the DNA chain.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Complete the following questions about nitrogenous bases:

______________________ is always connected with _________________________

_________________________ is always connected with ______________________

6.

7.

8.

9.

What is DNA replication?

_____________________________________________________________________

RNA is used for the creation of

(proteins/lipids).

It’s called the __________________ because it carries __________________________________________. Unlike DNA, RNA is

(single / double)

strained, and instead of thymine (T), it contains _________________. The 3 types of RNA are_______________________________.

Compare and contrast transcription and translation.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Label the parts of the double helix of DNA in the following graph:

Worksheet 5: Cell Cycle (Spiral)

Name:

1.

2.

3.

Cell division is the process ______________________________________________. There are two phases involved __________________________ which accounts for the 90% of the cell’s life and ________________________.

In the first phase a.

Cells copy b.

Cells copy DNA and prepare for division c.

d.

Cells divide

Chromosomes separate

In the second phase: a.

Cells copy DNA b.

Cells prepare for division c.

Chromosomes separate into two cells d.

Cells divide

Cells spend more time in mitosis than in

(cytokinesis/ interphase/ synthesis)

. 4.

5.

6.

In First growth (G

1

) ______________________ copies itself, while in second growth (G

2

) the cell is ________________________________________________.

Chromosomes are ________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

7.

8.

9.

Which is the acronym for all the cell cycle phases? a.

PMAT b.

IPMAT

Nuclear division occurs in interphase (TRUE / FALSE) c.

d.

IMAPT

IMPAT

What are checkpoints, and how are they related with apoptosis?

_____________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

10.

Identify the phase of cell division in which the following events happen i.

ii.

The nuclear membrane and nucleus disappear ____________________________

The spindle attaches to the kinetochore _________________________________ iii.

iv.

v.

vi.

vii.

viii.

The spindle forms __________________________________________________

The nuclear membrane and nucleus reappear _____________________________

Chromatids separate and microtubules dissasembly ________________________

Chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell ____________________________

Chromosomes disappear and cleavage furrow forms _______________________

The two new cells form ______________________________________________

11.

Draw and label a diagram representing a plant cell during

interphase and mitosis

in the next page.

Worksheet 6: Classic Genetics

Name:

1.

2.

Who is considered the father of classic genetics? ________________________________________

Genetics is the study of _______________________, which is the passing of

_______________________________________________________________________________.

3.

Match the following terms to their definitions

Definitions:

Mixed expression of traits________

Weaker Trait _______

Shows both traits at the same time_______

Stronger trait _______

Terms:

A. Incomplete dominance

B. Co-dominance

C. Dominant

D. Recessive

4.

5.

What are alleles? _________________________________________________________________

_____________________ means that the alleles are the same, while _____________________

6.

7.

means that the alleles are different.

What is genotype? ________________________________________________________________

Explain how biotechnology can be useful for medicine and agriculture

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

8.

What is the Chi Square (χ

2

) and why is it used in genetics?

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

9. For each genotype, indicate whether it is heterozygous (

HE

) or homozygous (

HO

)

AA ____ Ee ____

Bb ____ ff ____

Cc ____

Dd ____

GG ____

HH ____

10. For each of the genotypes below, determine the phenotype.

Purple flowers are dominant to white flowers

PP _______________________

Pp________________________ pp ________________________

Round seeds are dominant to wrinkled

RR ________________________

Brown eyes are dominant to blue eyes

BB ________________________

Bb ________________________ bb ________________________

Bobtails are recessive (long tails dominant)

TT ________________________

Rr _________________________ rr _________________________

Tt _________________________ tt __________________________

11. For each phenotype, list the genotypes. (Use the letter of the dominant trait)

Straight hair is dominant to curly.

____________ straight

Pointed heads are dominant to round heads.

____________ pointed

____________ straight

____________ curly

____________ pointed

____________ round

12. Set up the square for each of the crosses listed below. The trait being studied is round seeds

(dominant) and wrinkled seeds (recessive)

Rr x rr RR x Rr

What percentage of the offspring will be round? _______

Rr x Rr

What percentage of the offspring will be round? ___________

RW x RW

What percentage of the offspring will be round? _______

What percentage of the offspring will be wrinkled? ______

13. In rabbits, grey hair is dominant to white hair. Also in rabbits, black eyes are dominant to red eyes.

GG = gray hair BB = black eyes

Gg = gray hair gg = white hair

Bb = black eyes bb = red eyes

14. What are the phenotypes (descriptions) of rabbits that have the following genotypes:

Ggbb ____________________ ggBB ____________________ ggbb ____________________ GgBb ____________________

15. A male rabbit with the genotype GGbb is crossed with a female rabbit with the genotype ggBb The Square is set up below. Fill it out and determine the phenotypes and proportions in the offspring.

How many out of 16 have grey fur and black eyes? _____

How many out of 16 have grey fur and red eyes? _______

How many out of 16 have white fur and black eyes? ____

How many out of 16 have white fur and red eyes? ______

16. A male rabbit with the genotype GgBb is crossed with a female rabbit with the genotype GgBb The square is set up below. Fill it out and determine the phenotypes and proportions in the offspring.

How many out of 16 have grey fur and black eyes? ____

How many out of 16 have grey fur and red eyes? _____

How many out of 16 have white fur and black eyes? ____

How many out of 16 have white fur and red eyes? _____

Worksheet 7: Evolution

Name:

Concept 1:

Looking at the cladogram answer the following questions

:

1.

What is the different trait between the (primate and rabbits) and the (crocodile and birds) groups?

2.

_______________________________________________________________________________

What is the different trait between (amphibians) and (primates, rabbits, crocodile and birds)?

3.

_______________________________________________________________________________

What is the different trait between the (amphibians) and the (ray fined fish)?

_______________________________________________________________________________

4.

5.

And between the sharks and the fish?

_______________________________________________________________________________

Why do you think these types of diagrams are developed? How are molecular phylogenetic trees similar to these diagrams?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Concept 2:

6.

In your own words, what is evolution?

_______________________________________________________________________________

7.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

What is a species? How do scientists determine whether two species are different?

_______________________________________________________________________________

8.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

What did Darwin discover that can be the difference between life and death in species? Use an example in your answer.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

9.

What is natural selection?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Concept 3:

10.

What are fossils and how are they formed?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

11.

Using a specific example, explain how fossils are used to show evolution.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

12.

How is DNA used to show patterns of evolution?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

13.

How do Finches in the Galapagos help to show evolution in action?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Concept 4:

14.

Who is Lucy? Why is she so important in the evolution discussion?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

15.

Complete the following features about the Evolution of hominids

How long ago did they live?

Physical characteristics

Australopithecines

Homo habilis

Homo erectus

Homo sapiens

16.

Contrast Darwin’s Theory versus Lamarck’s Theory of Evolution

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Worksheet 8: Taxonomy

Name:

1.

Why is it necessary for scientists to use scientific names instead of just common names?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

2.

3.

Complete the order to how species are classified below

 o

 o

 o

How is the scientific name formed? What are the specifics way that it must be written?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

4.

What are the criteria to classify species in Kingdoms? a.

_________________________________________________________________ b.

_________________________________________________________________ c.

_________________________________________________________________

5.

6.

Kingdom Monera is formed by ______________________________________________________

What is the main difference between Kingdom Protista and Kingdom Monera?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

7.

8.

What are the main species found in Kingdom Fungae? ___________________________________

What are the differing characteristics found in the Kingdom Plantae?

_______________________________________________________________________________

9.

What are the main characteristics of Kingdom Animalia? Give 3 examples of invertebrate animals,

3 terrestrial vertebrate animals and 3 aquatic animals.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

10.

What is the scientific name of the

modern

human being?

Worksheet 9: Microbiology

Name:

1.

What are microbes? _______________________________________________________________

2.

Why are microscopes necessary to study microbes?

_______________________________________________________________________________

3.

Which are the three groups of microbes? a.

_______________________________________ b.

_______________________________________ c.

_______________________________________

4.

What is the difference between solitary and colonial microbes?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

5.

Compare and contrast sexual and asexual reproduction of microbes.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

6.

Fungi are (

eukaryotes / prokaryotes

) and (

autotrophs / heterotrophs

)

7.

Do Fungi need light to live? Describe the type of habitat that fungi need to thrive

_______________________________________________________________________________

8.

Hyphae are ______________________________________________________________________

9.

What do fungi use as their energy source? _____________________________________________

10.

How do they break down food? _____________________________________________________

11.

Describe in which ways fungi are harmful and beneficial for humans.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________.

12.

Compare and contrast the domains Archaea and Prokarya

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

13.

How can bacteria be helpful? What diseases do they cause?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

14.

Explain the structure of viruses and how they infect living cells

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

15.

Describe the three sub groups of the Kingdom Protista.

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

16.

Why horizontal gen transfer is critical in the debate about GMO’s?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Worksheet 10: Kingdom Plantae

Name:

1.

What are the differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

2.

Two examples of monocots are ______________________________, meanwhile an example of two eudicots would be __________________________________________.

3.

Explain the process of plant reproduction in eudicots in your own words.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

4.

5.

The three parts of a seed are ________________________________________________________

What is a vascular system?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

6.

Why is a vascular system more important for larger plant species?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

7.

Name two types of non-vascular plants. a.

__________________________________ b.

__________________________________

8.

Do non-vascular plants grow very large? Why or why not?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

9.

Compare “thalloid” versus “leafy” liverworts:

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

10.

How do hornworts differ from mosses?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

11.

Is it necessary for plants to have a vascular system to complete photosynthesis?

____________________________

12.

What are the three basic components of all vascular plants? a.

_____________________________ b.

_____________________________ c.

_____________________________

13.

Explain the job of the roots in the plant system.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

14.

The job of the stem is to transport ________________________ and ________________ and act as a ___________________________________________________________________________.

15.

The function of leaves is to ________________________________________________________.

16.

What are buds? __________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________.

17.

Explain how xylem transports water in plants.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

18.

How is phloem involved in photosynthesis?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

19.

The sporophyte is (

haploid / diploid

) and reproduces by (

mitosis / meiosis

), meanwhile the gametophyte is (

diploid / haploid

) and reproduces by (

meiosis / mitosis

).

20.

In the space below draw and label the parts

an angiosperm

. Be sure to include a

diagram of the flower

as well as its parts

Question Bank 11: Kingdom Animalia

Name:

1. Complete the following table with the etymology of each word [5 pts]

Porifera

porus = _________________ fero= ______________________

Cnidaria

knide = _________________

Platyhelminthes

platus = ____________________ helmins = ______________________

Rotifera

rota = ____________________ fero = ___________________

Mollusca

molluscus, mollis

= ____________________

Annelida

anelles, anulus = _____________________ oda = _______________________

Nematoda

nema = ______________________

Arthropoda

arthron = ____________________ podos = _________________________

Echinodermata

echinos = ____________________ dermatos = ____________________

Chordata

chorda = ____________________

2. (

Coelomates /Acoelomates/ Pseudocoelomates

) are animals without a body cavity. (

Coelomates

/Acoelomates/ Pseudocoelomates)

are animals whose body cavity is not completely lined by mesoderm. (

Coelomates /Acoelomates/ Pseudocoelomates)

have a body cavity completely lined by mesoderm Most animals have tissues and radial or bilateral symmetry.

__________________symmetry is associated with cephalization. Most animals have a body cavity that aids movement and the transport of nutrients and wastes [3pts]

3. Suppose you watch a video showing the development of an unknown animal. What clues can the developmental pattern give you about how this organism is classified? [3pts]

4. List the evidence that biologists use to classify earthworms and snakes in different clades despite the superficial similarities between these animals. [3pts]

5. If you found a fossil and were not sure whether it was from a reptile or a mammal, how might you tell the difference? [3pts]

6. If all animals disappeared from the Earth (from Porifera to Mammals), what would the positive and negative effects be on plants? [3pts]

7. Mammals are (

endothermic/ exothermic

). (

Exothermy /Endothermy

) enables mammals to occupy a range of habitats and sustain strenuous activity, but it requires large amounts of food and oxygen.

(

Placental mammals /Monotremes / Marsupials

) lay eggs. (

Placental mammals /Monotremes /

Marsupials

) give birth to young that continue development in the mother’s pouch. (

Placental mammals /Monotremes / Marsupials

) typically develop the embryo within the uterus for longer periods than marsupials do before giving birth [3pts]

8. Describe the main features about birds regarding to reproduction, circulatory system, respiratory system and external anatomy [3pts]

9. What would happen to a coral reef if pollution or sediment caused the water around the reef to become less clear? Explain your answer. [3pts]

10. Hookworm infections are extremely common in China, where rice is grown in paddies that are periodically flooded. Considering what you know about how hookworms invade the human body, why do you think hookworm infections are so common in this part of the world? [3pts]

11. Clams reproduce by releasing sperm and eggs into the water. How might this process affect the reproductive success of these mollusks? Would you expect clams to release many sperm and eggs or only a few? To what Phylum do they belong? [3pts]

12. Arthropods first lived on land about 400 million years ago. They have survived several time periods in which other Phyla became extinct. What characteristics might have enabled arthropods to survive and adapt? [3pts]

13. Describe which physical characteristics enable fish to adapt to an aquatic environment. Also explain how the heart and gills function in fish. [3pts]

14. Some viviparous snakes and lizards live in cold climates. Why might viviparity be advantageous in such environments? Are reptiles endothermic or exothermic organisms? [3pts]

15. In recent years, surgeons have tried transplanting baboon and pig hearts into humans. Explain why surgeons tried these hearts rather than a large turtle’s heart. [3pts]

16. When tadpoles undergo metamorphosis, their bodies begin to produce an enzyme that converts ammonia into urea. The time that a tadpole takes to produce this enzyme varies among species. In the graph below, the rate of enzyme production is shown for a species that inhabits a desert-like environment and a species that inhabits a forest environment. Which curve represents which frog?

Explain. [5pts]

17. In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best describes each numbered item

[5pts].

______ 1. multicellularity a. one-way street b. team

______2. diploid

______3. tissue

______4. radial symmetry c. reinforcement bars in concrete d. twins e. mirror image f. apartments in apartment building

______5. bilateral symmetry

______6. digestive tract g. tire pump h. armor i. bicycle wheel spokes

______7. open circulatory system

______8. neuron

______9. exoskeleton j. electrical wire

______10. endoskeleton

Name:

Worksheet 12: Biomes

Worksheet 13: Climatographs

Name:

Months of the Year

January- February

March- April

May-June

July-August

September-October

November-December

Average Day

Temperature(°C)

23

25

26

28

27

24

∑ 𝑡°

=

6

Cumulated Bimonthly

Rainfall (cm)

40

70

80

95

110

70

∑ 𝑝𝑝 (𝑚𝑚)

=

1.

Which life zone do you think is represented with the data above? ___________________________

2.

Give two examples of where you could find this life zone. a.

________________________________ b. __________________________________

3.

Which months would you considered a. The rainy season _________________________________ b.

The dry season_____________________________.

In the space below create a climatograph. On the X axis label the months. On the Y axis (one on each side) label the temperature and the rainfall.

Months of the Year

January- February

March- April

May-June

July-August

September-October

November-December

Average Day

Temperature(°C)

15

11

7

5

6

8

∑ 𝑡°

=

6

Cumulated Bimonthly

Rainfall (cm)

20

35

40

45

51

33

∑ 𝑝𝑝 (𝑚𝑚)

=

4.

Which life zone do you think is represented with the data above? ___________________________

5.

Give two examples of where you could find this life zone. a.

________________________________ b. __________________________________

6.

Which months would you considered a. The rainy season _________________________________ b.

The dry season_____________________________.

In the space below create a climatograph. On the X axis label the months. On the Y axis (one on each side) label the temperature and the rainfall.

Worksheet 14: Nutrient Spirals

Name:

1.

What is difference between a food chain and a food web? ________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

7.

2.

3.

Autotrophs: a.

b.

Create their own food

Photosynthesize c.

d.

Are producers

All of the above

Heterotrophs must eat (

producers / nitrogen / other organisms below in the food chain

) as an

4.

5.

energy source.

Heterotrophs are producers and

Match the term to its definition:

Definition:

always

are at the top of the food chain (True / False)

Term:

______________ Only eats plants

______________ Decompose organic matter

______________ Only eat meat

A. Omnivores

B. Carnivores

______________ Eat both plants and meat

6.

C. Herbivores

D. Saprophyte

In the space below draw the food chain and the corresponding ecological pyramid of a polyfarm of maize, cucumber and beans. What possible pests and beneficial organisms would you find?

What is photosynthesis? What organelle is necessary for photosynthesis?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

8.

Complete the chemical reaction of photosynthesis in the spaced below:

________________ + ____________________

_____________________ + ____________

9.

Compare and contrast chemosynthesis and photosynthesis.

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

10.

Create your own water spiral in the space below. Be sure to

label

using the appropriate terms.

11.

Why is the Nitrogen cycle important to farmers?

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

12.

Write the seven properties of an ecosystem

12.1.

______________________________________________________________________

12.2.

12.3.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

12.4.

12.5.

12.6.

12.7.

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________

Name that Kingdom:

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

7.

8.

9.

10.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

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