Griselda Pinedo TESP 503 Soul of Teaching Extra Credit JANE ADAMS 1860-1935 1.) How did Jane Addams historical context, especially the trends in urbanization and immigration, shape her character and ideas? Jane Addams is known as a social reformer and an activist because she stood up for what she believed in. The historical context of her time was eventful and had a significant impact on shaping her character and ideas. For one, Jane Adams lived during a vast increase in industrialization. Consequently, industrialization initiated a transformation in the nation’s landscape and evolved rural and farming communities to urbanization and factories. Evidently, Jane Adams is a woman with strong convictions, values, and a great amount of empathy for the marginalized. An influx of immigrants came in search of the American dream, and settled in congested parts of the city and had poor living standards. In addition, women were trying to make a living, maintain a family, and worked in factories with unsafe conditions and long hours. Essentially, Adams loved education and saw the many needs that were not being met, specifically the needs of women, children, and the poor. 2.) How did Addams educational autobiography, especially her interpretation of immigration and urbanization, shape her social and educational philosophy? Jane grew up having a model life. Her father was a positive influence for her and taught her to be of service to others and live a moral and ethical life. Jane also loved learning. She studied at a seminary for women and learned about traditional topics such as Latin, Greek, and astronomy. Because she had a college education, that made her a modern woman for her time. Jane went on to attend medical school but did not complete her studies due to illness. Aside from her studies, Adams traveled around Europe. While there, she was inspired to establish a settlement house where she could employ her talents for the service of others and help improve society. 3.) How did Adams’s educational philosophy of socialized education shape her social and educational policies and practices? Adams believed that the community and learning from each other was a significant source of education. To boot, Adams was anti-establishment and criticized educational methods traditionally used at that time such as memorization and teacher-centered pedagogy. She believed in learning by doing, experimenting, and making learning interesting and relevant to the student. Adams put her education to great use and provided education at Hull House for the marginalized: women, economically disadvantaged people, and immigrants. Adams believed social reform was critical and needed and a log of 4.) What is the continuing significance of Addams contribution to U.S. social educational ideas? Adams changed the traditional paradigm for public schooling and her ideas and educational philosophy can relate to much of the needs in education we are experiencing today. The contributions she made to education were evident at Hull House. She believed in making education flexible, meeting the needs of learners, and to ensure to engage students in the learning process. The overarching contribution she made to our educational system was the need for multicultural education, the benefits of a diverse student body, and the need to make learning relevant to immigrants.