WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Nicknamed “The Bard” • Born April 23, 1564 in Stratfordupon-Avon, England • At age 18, he married 26-year old Anne Hathaway • He had three children – one died at age 11 • Likely began writing plays in the mid-1580’s • 37 plays written and several sonnets written • Shakespeare died April 23, 1616 The Taming of the Shrew Famous Works Hamlet Romeo and Juliet Twelfth Night The Globe Theater • 1576 – James Burbage built the first English theatre • 1598 – Landowners would not renew the lease – theatre was dismantled and rebuilt across the Thames River • 1599 – The theatre was rebuilt and named The Globe Theatre • Shakespeare performed most of his plays at the Globe and owned 10% of the theatre. • Prices to attend the theatre range from 1 penny to 1 shilling (12 cents). • Prices were double on the first performance. • Plays were announced by a flag being raised on top of the theatre. A white flag indicated a comedy and a black flag signaled a tragedy • 3 trumpet blasts signaled that the play was beginning. • The Globe Theatre was round and could seat 2,000 people. • The stage was 5 ½ feet high—this kept the audience from jumping on the stage. • Groundlings- stood on the ground in front of the stage– their admission price was one penny- known as the “penny public”. They stood in the ‘Yard’ • 1613 – Globe Theatre was destroyed during a performance of Henry VIII. Fire from a cannon landed on the thatched roof and caught fire. • 1614 – More elaborate theatre was built on the same spot. • 1644 – The Puritans tore down the Globe Theatre because they believed plays were immoral and caused sin. • 1666 – The London fire destroyed all traces of the Globe Theatre. • 1997 – Theatre reopened for performances - was rebuilt in the same place with same materials as the original. Romeo and Juliet The Capulets and the Montagues have been fighting for several years. • Setting: • Verona, Italy. Late 1500’s Capulets Juliet Capulet Lord and Lady Capulet Count Paris Tybalt Nurse Montagues Romeo Montague Lord and Lady Montague Benvolio Montague Mercutio Friar Lawrence What do you think it would be like if your family did not approve of the person you were in love with? What would you do to resolve this conflict? • Romeo and Juliet is a tragic love story. • Tragedy Definition: a dramatic work that has a serious or sad theme. It has a character that has many problems or weaknesses. A tragedy usually ends with the deaths of one or more of the main characters. Examples of Tragedy • What is tragic love? • How does tragic love affect teenagers today? Can think of an example of tragic teenage love?