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Raven biology of plants, 8th edn




   Annals of Botany · May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcu090



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Nigel Chaffey

Bath Spa University










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Book Review


Raven biology of plants, 8th edn .

R.F. Evert and S.E. Eichhorn. 2013.

W.H. Freeman/Palgrave Macmillan.

£56.99 (hardback). pp. 900.

I first discovered Raven

Biology of plants et al.


(hereafter referred to as BoP ) in its 6th edition, published in 1999, when designing a second-year undergraduate ‘botany’ course. Whether it was because this was the first book I’d secured as a free ‘Instructor evaluation copy’ of a textbook (one of the few ‘perks’ of being a university lecturer . . .

), I can’t be sure, but it’s been a constant companion, and on my recommended reading list for my plant biology courses (with suitable updating to 2005’s 7th edition), ever since. Why? Because it was – and still is! – a great, all-purpose, general plant biology (botany in all but name) text, which includes abundant coloured diagrams, photos and photomicrographs, a substantial glossary (26 two-columned pages), a comprehensive index (64 three-columned pages!), suggestions of further reading (many of which are dated post-2005 as befits this ‘most significant revision in its history’) by chapter, a highly readable – therefore pedagogic? – style, and covers all the basics, from evolution, taxonomic overview of Kingdom Plantae ( plus bacteria, archaea, viruses, fungi and algae), ultrastructure, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry, ecology (although those latter two chapters are now only available online), and even plant–people relationships (both as a separate 22-page chapter and as 15 short essays throughout the book’s approx. 900 pages). Along with the extensive updating, Peter Raven’s name has disappeared from the listing of authors. It is not clear to me why this has happened, but this

8th edition is dedicated to the much-lauded gentleman (a Time magazine ‘Hero for the Planet’; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/


) and who is now honoured in title, Raven Biology of Plants . And BoP

BoP ’s updated retains its distinctive impressionistic cover – van Gogh’s 1890 ‘Field of Poppies’ this time – which makes it stand out from the other books on the shelf!

Does such a wonderful book have any competitors? Yes, there is a big, competitive market for undergraduate textbooks and plant biology is no exception. However, the textbook closest in style and coverage to BoP approx. 700-page tome Mauseth’s

– that I know of – is the

Botany (2014), now in its

5th edition. I like ‘Mauseth’ (and it’s not just because it’s entitled botany!), but tend to turn to BoP first and supplement

Annals of Botany 00 : i–i

Available online at www.aob.oxfordjournals.org

information from that source with material from other texts – such as Mauseth’s. And you will need to supplement BoP with other sources. If you want more on the plant physiology side of things, then you will probably need the likes of specialist texts such as

Taiz and Zeiger (2010) . If you are after more of the

molecular biology dimension, then

Smith et al.



Jones et al.


will help. To delve deeper into the structural – developmental side of plants, texts like

Beck (2010)

will be needed. For more on those all-important plants-and-people aspects of botany, then invaluable are

Levetin and McMahon



Mauseth (2013)

, etc. The point is not that you don’t need any other text than BoP , because you do!, but BoP is an excellent starting point for the basics of plant biology.

Simply ‘mix-and-match’ BoP with your favourite, more specialist other texts to get the desired final outcome as suits your particular audience.

So, in concluison, I don’t think you can beat Raven Biology of

Plants as a great all-round, comprehensive introduction to botany (oh, alright then!

plant biology ).

An aside: the above comments refer to the so-called

International Edition – ‘for use outside the USA and

Canada’ – of BoP , 8th edition. I’ve often wondered what may be different in this edition compared to the USA one, and scrutinising Amazon’s UK site I think I may have found the answer. The non-International Edition is shown retailing at about £120, but a reviewer ( http://amzn.to/1jxOoOa ) says that both editions have the same content. So, maybe the

International Edition should be renamed the ‘Austerity’

Edition. In any event, it is nice to know that the Americans are helping out the cash-strapped botany students of Europe and non-USA/Canada!


Nigel Chaffey [email protected]


Beck CB. 2010.


An introduction to plant structure and development. Plant for

University Press.

the Twenty-first Century .

Cambridge: Cambridge

Jones R, Ougham H, Thomas H, Waaland S. 2013.

plants . Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Mauseth JD. 2013.


The molecular life of

Levetin E, McMahon K. 2012.

Plants and Society , 6th edn. New York:

McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Plants and people . Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett

Mauseth JD. 2014.


Botany , 5th edn. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett

Smith AM, Coupland G, Dolan L,

Garland Science.

et al . 2010.

Plant biology . New York:

Taiz L, Zeiger E. 2010.

Plant physiology , 5th edn. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer

Associates, Inc., Publishers.