How does Blake use language to create a sense of place in the poem ‘London'? 800 words ‘LONDON' by William Blake, is the only few poems in the Songs of Experience that does not has a corresponding poem in the Songs of Innocence, and the topic of this poem stands out since it is unlike most of the poems in the book about nature and happiness. This poem was written in 1794 during the French Revolution, which portrays Blake's emotion towards the situation France was in. In "London", Blake uses stark contrast, effective repetition, vivid hyperbole, and a significant rhyming pattern to create a sense of place. Firstly, Blake utilizes contrasting words in the first stanza to establish a sense of oppression shadowing the city of London. The poem starts off with the verb ‘wander', which is a word that means to walk around aimlessly, but Blake uses the word ‘charter'd' to describe the street, which, on the contrary, shows control and rigidness. This contrast between these two words exhibits the change of the author's mood from nature to urban because the poems he wrote were mostly about nature, but once he "wander" through the city as he was in the nature, things changed completely. In the next line, as Blake describes the flowing Thames River, he repeats the same unfeeling, stern word, "charter'd". This further emphasizes the existing contrast, as even free-flowing rivers are characterized to be "charter'd" in this oppressed city. Therefore, through contradicting diction, Blake establishes a gloom sense of place in "London", a place that seemed to have a suffocating, suppressing, invisible hand pushing down on its miserable people. Blake also utilizes repetition in the next stanzas to emphasize the fear and horror prevalent in the city. The repetition of the words ‘charter'd' and ‘marks' emphasizes the oppression and restriction undertaking the city. Follow up by stanza two, the repetition of the word ‘every' emphasizes the prevalence of pain that the people in the city are suffering, and it is again portraying that every single corner in the entire city is undergoing this pain and suffering. In all these "every…every…" scenarios presented in the poem, such as the “cry of every man”, the “Infant’s cry of fear”, “in every voice”, and “in every ban”, this emphasizes how common it is for the people to suffer through this condition. Additionally, these lines are in parallel structure, which highlights the importance of the ‘mind-forg'd manacles' for the author thinks that not only the whole city is oppressed, but also the people's minds as well. Their inner thoughts try to lose themselves from the manacles so desperately that the author can actually hear and feel it. Blake uses this to create an inanimate sense towards the place ‘London' as he lucidly depicts the detail within the city during that time period. Through the repetition used, Blake emphasizes the prevalence of the pain, suffering, and vividly depicts London’s state of oppression, not only of the regulations, but also of the mind. In the third stanza, Blake also uses hyperbole to elucidate the dire consequences of this suffering. He uses two significant cause and effect relationships to illustrate this. In “London”, chimney-sweepers cry” directly results in “blackened church appalls" and "soldiers sigh” directly results in the “palace walls run blood”. The subjects of these causal relationships are both are at a low social status, the subject they affect, however, are country-ruling entities such as the church and the palace. Blake is showing here that a person with such low social stature can cause the higher class to collapse. The pain and agony that the lower class is suffering through reflect on the corrupted environment they were in, which establish the sense of place as dark and evil. Everything impacts each other, just like how the lower class can impact the higher class, there is an unending chain in the nature that will always come back and destroys the initiator. Lastly, Blake uses a significant rhyming pattern throughout the poem to emphasize that sense of oppression. It is clear that the entire poem follows an ABAB rhyming structure. This rhyme does not give the poem a sense of euphonic, musical flow, but rather further emphasizes a sense of oppression. This language imitates the state of the city, which is in a way that is rigid as things are restricted in order, and that just creates even a stronger sense of hardship. Even the language used by the poet corresponds to his surroundings, to a place that is full of suffering, oppression, and pain. In conclusion, Blake uses different ways to depict the sense of place when he was experiencing the revolution. He achieves that by using effective contrast, impactful repetition, valuable hyperbole, and a significant rhyming pattern.