Mammals Mammals Name __________________________ Date __________________________ Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress Mammals Mammals are the animals we know the best. Your pet cats and dogs are mammals. Elephants, lions, cows, and horses are mammals. Human beings are mammals too. Mammals have superior brains and are the most advanced of all animal life. Mammals are different from all other animals because they give birth to their babies, and they give them milk. They take care of their babies and protect them. The only two mammals that lay eggs are the platypus or “duckbill” and the echidna or “spiny anteater.” There are over ten thousand different kinds of mammals. Human beings are one kind, elephants are another, cats are still another. Read each sentence below. Fill in the missing word. 1. The only two mammals that lay eggs are the ____________________________ and the duckbill. 2. Mammals take care of their babies and _______________________________ them. 3. _______________________________ beings are mammals. 4. There are over ___________________________ thousand different kinds of mammals. 5. _____________________________ are the animals that we know best. Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress 1 Mammals Mammals are grouped by scientists into eighteen different orders or groups. They are grouped according to their body structure and relationships. All mammals that live on the land have four limbs. Man is the only one that stands straight and walks and runs on two feet. A few other animals including the apes, kangaroos, and some monkeys walk on their two hind legs and use the front two to do other things. The cheetah is the fastest of all mammals. It can run short distances, close to seventy miles an hours. Mammals live all over the Earth. Some mammals such as deer, elephants, and cattle wander and do not have any year-round shelters. Others live in holes in trees or burrows. Some make nests in trees or on the ground. Whales have no homes; they usually go back to the same place each year to give birth to their young. Beavers make lodges in ponds. They make the most elaborate homes. Fit each of the words below into a word shape puzzle. mammals trees Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress elephants 2 whales cattle beavers Mammals Some mammals are meat eaters and some are vegetarians. Some are both. An animal must depend on its ears, eyes, nose, and its sense of touch to find food. Wolves and coyotes are meat eaters. They hunt in packs so they can kill large animals. Mammals have a special way of communicating with each other. People are the only mammals that talk. Other mammals cannot talk. They use their own sign language. Some bark, howl, growl, and chirp. Some mammals sniff, raise their fur, or slap their tails when they communicate. Some mammals give off strong odor. Each has its own sign, sound, and smell. Mammals have many different ways of protecting themselves. Many will fight if they are forced to, and will use special weapons. Most mammals have coats that help them blend into their surroundings. Help the wolf find his way to the tree. Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress 3 Mammals Some mammals have armored bodies, others have sharp teeth and claws. Hoofed animals kick with their hooves. Cattle, goats, antelope, and sheep use horns to protect themselves. Male mammals seldom help to care for their young. The fox and the wolf make good fathers. The mother mammal usually becomes the teacher. She shows her young how to find food for themselves. She teaches them how to avoid danger and ways to protect themselves. She cleans and takes good care of them. Finally she lets them go out on their own. Mammals that live in trees such as: opossums, New England monkeys, sloths, and squirrels have curved, sharp claws to help them climb and hold on. Apes and monkeys can move from branch to branch by using their hands, feet, and tails. Draw a picture of a mammal in the box below. Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress 4 Mammals Each kind of mammal has its own type and pattern of teeth. The meat eaters have long, sharp teeth. Grazing mammals, such as cows and horses have large, flat teeth that they use for grinding their food. Bats are the only mammals that fly. Bats have long, thin arms and fingers. The wings of the bats are made of webs of skin. The flying squirrel glides, it does not really fly. It has thin layers of skin which stretch between its legs on either side. They act as sails or parachutes. Mammals live all over the Earth. You can almost find one in any spot. They live in deserts, on mountains, in the Arctic, in the jungles, and in rivers and seas. There are mammals that fly, run, walk, hop, swim, climb, and even burrow in the ground. Read the questions below. Circle the correct answer and write it on the lines. 1. Meat eaters have long, ______________________ teeth. ! ! ! dull! ! ! sharp 2. The squirrel _______________________________, it does not really fly. ! ! ! hops! ! ! glides 3. Mammals live all over the ______________________________. ! ! ! Earth! ! ! clouds 4. Bats have long, thin arms and ______________________________. ! ! ! necks! ! ! Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress fingers 5 Mammals Spelling Print the correct spelling word on the line. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. junjles jungles junglles _______________________ hoves hoovees hooves _______________________ monkeys monkkeys munkeys _______________________ sheltters shelters sheelters _______________________ beavers beevers beamerrs _______________________ burroow burow burrow _______________________ Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress 6 Mammals Word Unscramble Unscramble each word. Print the word on the line. 1. amlamm _______________ 2. esnt _______________ 3. elhwas _______________ 4. limk _______________ 5. braibts _______________ 6. versbea _______________ Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress 7 Mammals Word Find Find and circle these words. They run down, across, and diagonally. animals cheetah cats whales Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress dogs packs humans howl 8 birth earth milk burrows Mammals Criss Cross Can you fit these words into the criss cross? Use a pencil so you can erase if you need to. animals birth humans howl Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress burrows milk 9 whales packs Mammals Answers Page 7 - jungles, hooves, monkeys, shelters, beavers, burrow Page 8 - mammals, nest, whales, milk, rabbits, beavers Page 9 - Page 10 - Copyright©2013 Comp Ed, Inc. - SchoolExpress Dear Educator, Thank you for using this unit eWorkbook. 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