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Unit 6 - Chapter 14 and 15 - Study Guide

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Unit 6 Exam Study Guide
Chapter 14
Medical Model
Percentage of Americans with some type of mental disorder 1 in 5
Most recent DSM – DSM 5
Comorbidity
No Single Cause for Psychological Disorder
Diathesis-Stress-Model
Diathesis
Anxiety Disorders- Due to a medical condition including symptoms of intense panic
Phobia Disorder- Anxiety symptoms that lead to a constant causing of anxiety thus producing a disorder
Social Phobia- Scared of social settings
Specific Phobia- Could be one specific caused phobia
Agoraphobia- Fear of crowded spaces
Claustrophobia- fear of tight areas
Phobia and Classical Conditioning- Two stimuli are constantly paired
Panic Disorder- Anxiety without probable cause
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)- Anxiety in general
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)- The fear that things are out of order could include habits
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- Unwanted thoughts provoked from past experiences
Mood Disorder- Elevation and lowering of a persons mood
Major Depressive DisorderBipolar Disorder- Mood swings can say something one min than change their outlook the next
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)- Emotions changing based on the seasons, sadness in winter
Postpartum Depression- Mother and child at birth
Helplessness Theory- The thought that issues are unavoidable henceforth un-escaping issues
Schizophrenia The breakdown of thought emotion and behavior
Delusions A belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being in part with a mental disorder
Hallucinations An experience involving something that isn’t present
Grossly Disorganized Behavior- abnormal condition reflecting mania
Catatonic relating to catatonia
Conduct Disorder
Personality Disorder
Odd/Eccentric
Anxious/Inhibited
Dramatic/Erratic
Suicide
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10th Leading Cause of Death- Suicide
2nd Leading Cause of Death for High School and College Students- Motor Vehicle accidents
Biological Factors in Mental Health Disorders- Genetic make-up parents etc
Psychological Factors in Mental Health Disorders
Social/Environmental Factors in Mental Health Disorders
Chapter 15
Psychiatrist can do prescriptions
Psychologist
Social Worker
Psychotherapy- psychological rather than physical means
Eclectic Psychotherapy- meets needs of people and children
Psychodynamic- Systematic study of phycological forces
Free Association – image quizzes
Dream Analysis- therapeutic technique to analyze dreams
Analysis of ResistanceTransference
Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Humanistic Therapy
Person-centered Therapy
Carl Rogers
Congruence
Empathy
Unconditional Positive Regard
Behavior Therapy
Token Economy
Exposure therapy (Desensitization)
Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive Restructuring
Mindfulness Meditation
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Family Therapy
Couples Therapy
Group Therapy
Self-Help Groups
Psychopharmacology
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Research (Cognitive vs Medication in treating mood and anxiety disorder)
Natural Improvement
Nonspecific Treatment Effect
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