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Unit 6 - Chapter 14 and 15 - Study Guide

Unit 6 Exam Study Guide
Chapter 14
Medical Model
Percentage of Americans with some type of mental disorder 1 in 5
Most recent DSM – DSM 5
No Single Cause for Psychological Disorder
Anxiety Disorders- Due to a medical condition including symptoms of intense panic
Phobia Disorder- Anxiety symptoms that lead to a constant causing of anxiety thus producing a disorder
Social Phobia- Scared of social settings
Specific Phobia- Could be one specific caused phobia
Agoraphobia- Fear of crowded spaces
Claustrophobia- fear of tight areas
Phobia and Classical Conditioning- Two stimuli are constantly paired
Panic Disorder- Anxiety without probable cause
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)- Anxiety in general
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)- The fear that things are out of order could include habits
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)- Unwanted thoughts provoked from past experiences
Mood Disorder- Elevation and lowering of a persons mood
Major Depressive DisorderBipolar Disorder- Mood swings can say something one min than change their outlook the next
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)- Emotions changing based on the seasons, sadness in winter
Postpartum Depression- Mother and child at birth
Helplessness Theory- The thought that issues are unavoidable henceforth un-escaping issues
Schizophrenia The breakdown of thought emotion and behavior
Delusions A belief or impression that is firmly maintained despite being in part with a mental disorder
Hallucinations An experience involving something that isn’t present
Grossly Disorganized Behavior- abnormal condition reflecting mania
Catatonic relating to catatonia
Conduct Disorder
Personality Disorder
10th Leading Cause of Death- Suicide
2nd Leading Cause of Death for High School and College Students- Motor Vehicle accidents
Biological Factors in Mental Health Disorders- Genetic make-up parents etc
Psychological Factors in Mental Health Disorders
Social/Environmental Factors in Mental Health Disorders
Chapter 15
Psychiatrist can do prescriptions
Social Worker
Psychotherapy- psychological rather than physical means
Eclectic Psychotherapy- meets needs of people and children
Psychodynamic- Systematic study of phycological forces
Free Association – image quizzes
Dream Analysis- therapeutic technique to analyze dreams
Analysis of ResistanceTransference
Interpersonal Psychotherapy
Humanistic Therapy
Person-centered Therapy
Carl Rogers
Unconditional Positive Regard
Behavior Therapy
Token Economy
Exposure therapy (Desensitization)
Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive Restructuring
Mindfulness Meditation
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Family Therapy
Couples Therapy
Group Therapy
Self-Help Groups
Research (Cognitive vs Medication in treating mood and anxiety disorder)
Natural Improvement
Nonspecific Treatment Effect