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Cheat Sheet Study Guide USH 2019

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U.S. History EOC Review 2019
Please be familiar with Amendments 1-21…& Landmark Supreme Court Cases…They will be present throughout study
guide but some will not be listed.
Study Guide
The West 1877-1900
 The Great American Desert
 U.S./Indian Battles
 Westward Expansion
 Assimilation of Native Americans
 Manifest Destiny
 Homestead Act
 Cattle (Boom) Industry
 Dawes General Allotment Act (Dawes Act)
 Exodusters
 Migration Pattern of People
 Buffalo Soldiers
Gilded Age 1870-1900
 Advancement of American Technology
(Inventions/Inventors)
 Rust Belt
 Mass production
 Tycoons & Robber Barons (ex: Carnegie,
Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, Morgan, etc.)
 Big Business (ex: monopoly, trusts)
 Integration (Vertical v. Horizontal)
 Credit Mobilier (Jay Gould)
 Social Darwinism
 Gospel of Wealth
 The concept of Laissez Faire
 Jim Crow Laws
 Plessy v. Ferguson
 Immigration (Causes/Effects)
 Labor Unions (Knights, AFL, etc.)
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Progressive Era 1900-1920
 Muckrakers
 Theodore Roosevelt (Square Deal, Trust Buster,
Conservationist)
 Woodrow Wilson (New Freedom)
 William Taft
 Meat Inspection/Pure Food and Drug Act
 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
 WCTU (Women Christian Temperance Union
 NAACP
 Good Trusts v. Bad Trusts
Imperialism 1867-1914
 Seward’s Folly
 Spanish American War (Causes/Effects)
o Yellow Journalism (Pulitzer & Hearst)
o USS Maine
o Annexation of Hawaii
o Treaty of Paris (1898)
o Teller Amendment
 Platt Amendment
Labor Strikes
Populism/Populist Party
Gold Standard
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
Inflation
Settlement Houses/Jane Addams (Hull House)
Political Machines
o Tammany Ring Scandal (Tammany Hall,
Tammany Scandal)
Patronage/Spoils System (*President Garfield’s
assassination)
Pendleton Civil Service Act
ICC (Interstate Commerce Commission)
Wabash v. Illinois
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
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Underwood Tariff
Federal Reserve Act
Clayton Anti-Trust Act
Elizabeth Cady Stanton/Margaret
Fuller/Lucretia Mott/Susan B. Anthony
Women’s Suffrage
16th, 17th, 18th, & 19th Amendments
Referendum
Recall
Initiative
Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick Policy & the
Panama Canal
Rough Riders
Open Door Policy
Spheres of Influence
Gentleman’s Agreement
Monroe Doctrine v. Roosevelt’s Corollary
Dollar/Moral/Gunboat Diplomacy
U.S. History EOC Review 2019
Please be familiar with Amendments 1-21…& Landmark Supreme Court Cases…They will be present throughout study
guide but some will not be listed.
World War I 1914-1918
 Causes/Effects of World War I
 President Wilson’s Role
o Fourteen Points
 The economy during WWI
o “to make the world safe for democracy”
 Allies v. Central Powers
(Quote)
 New Weapons Used
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League of Nations
 Sedition/Espionage Act
 Hoover and the Food Administration
 Selective Service Act
 Isolationism
 Armistice
 The Great Migration
 Schneck v. United States
 Civil Liberties v. National Security
The Roaring 20s 1920-1929
 Jazz Age
 Flappers
 Prohibition
o Volstead Act
 The American Gangster
o Al Capone
o Bootleggers
 The Red Scare
o Sacco and Venezetti
 Teapot Dome Scandal
 Ku Klux Klan
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The Great Depression and the New Deal 1929-1941
 Causes of the Great Depression
 Hoover v. Franklin Roosevelt
 Bank Closures
 Bonus Army
 Dust Bowl (1930-1936)
 Entertainment
 Escapist Novels
New Technology
o Automobile
o Assembly Line
o Radio
o Electric Appliances
Harlem Renaissance
The Lost Generation
Scopes Trial
National Origins Act 1921 & 1924
Eminent Domain
Installment buying
Fordney-McCumber Act (high tariff)
Entertainment
o Sports
o Clubs
o Movies
o Speak Easys
Stock Market Crash
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FDR’s New Deal (all the programs)
o FDIC, WPA, PWA, CCC, SEC, Social
Security, etc.
o Fireside Chats
Court Packing Plan (Judiciary Reorganization
Bill)
The Scottsboro Case
Effects of the Great Depression
20th, 21st Amendments
Deficit spending
Good Neighbor Policy
Military Build up
o Military Industry instead of Consumer
Industry
U.S. History EOC Review 2019
Please be familiar with Amendments 1-21…& Landmark Supreme Court Cases…They will be present throughout study
guide but some will not be listed.
World War II 1939-1945
 Hitler invades Poland 1939
 Bombing of Pearl Harbor
o Blitzkrieg
o Korematsu v. United States
 Axis Powers v. Allies
 U.S.S.R relationship with the United States
 United Nations
 General Eisenhower and General George S. Patton
Jr.
 Manhattan Project
o Einstein’s letter to FDR to build nuclear
 Saturation and Strategic Bombing
weapons; J. Robert Oppenhiemer & Leslie
o Island Hopping
Groves lead the construction of nuclear
o Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
weapons
o Battle of the Bulge
o D-Day
 Rationing
 United Nations 1945
 Executive Order 8802
 Navajo Code Talkers
 Bracero Program
 Yalta Conference
 Women in the Workforce
o Big Three
 Desegregation of the Army (Truman)
o GATT
o Tuskegee Airmen
Cold War 1945-1989
 Communism
 U.S. Containment Policy
 Truman Doctrine
 Marshall Plan
 Berlin Blockade/Airlift
 “Iron Curtain”
 Satellite States
 NATO v. Warsaw Pact
 Korean War (1950-1953)
o Limited War
o Douglas MacArthur
o SEATO
o 38th Parallel (negotiated by Eisenhower)
Presidential Actions
 Kennedy
o Bay of Pigs
o Cuban Missile Crisis
o Peace Corps
o Alliance for Progress
o Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
o Berlin Wall (Construction)
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Eisenhower Doctrine
o Nuclear Buildup
 Arms Race
 Mutually Assured Destruction
 Massive Retaliation
 Brinkmanship
 CIA
 NASA
China turns communist
Red Scare #2
o McCarthyism
o Smith Act
o House Un-American Activities Commission
(HUAC)
 Hollywood Ten
 Watkins v. United States
o Alger Hiss
o The Rosenbergs’ Trial
o Espionage & Sedition Acts
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“New Frontier”
Equal Pay Act
Space Race
Warren Commission
Assassination
U.S. History EOC Review 2019
Please be familiar with Amendments 1-21…& Landmark Supreme Court Cases…They will be present throughout study
guide but some will not be listed.
 Johnson
o Civil Rights Act 1964
 Guerilla Warfare
o War on Poverty “Great Society”
 Napalm
o Economic Opportunity Act
 General Westmoreland
o Medicare/Medicaid
 24th Amendment
o Elementary/Secondary Education Act
 Voting Rights Act of 1965
o “Silent Spring” Rachel Carson
o Affirmative Action
o Water Quality Act
o Warren Court = “rights of the accused”
o Clean Air Act
 Baker v. Carr
o Motor Vehicle Safety
 Mapp v. Ohio
o Immigration and Nationality Act 1965
 Reynolds v. Sims
o Vietnam
 Gideon v. Wainwright
 The draft
 Escobedo v. Illinois
 Tet Offensive
 Miranda v. Arizona
 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
 Engel v. Vitale
 Vietcong
 Abington v. Scheemp
 Operation “Rolling Thunder
 Seek and Destroy Missions
 Nixon
o POWs
o War Powers Act
o Vietnamization
o Détente
o Kent State & Jackson State
o Watergate
o Pentagon Papers
o OPEC
o Paris Peace Accords
o 25th Amendment
o SALT I
o Executive privilege
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Ford
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Pardoned Nixon
WIN (Whip Inflation Now)
Carter
o Christian Fundamentalist
o Amnesty to Draft Dodgers
o Helsinki Accords
Reagan
o Supply-Side Economics
o Deregulation
o Savings and Loans Crisis
o Equal Access Act
Bush (H.W.)
o 1991 Iraqi War (Persian Gulf War)
o Operation Desert Storm
Clinton
o Family Medical Leave Act
o Brady Bill
o NAFTA
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SALT II
Camp David Accords
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Contras
START Treaty
Iran Contra Affair
Immigration Reform and Control Act 1986
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Immigration Act 1990
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GATT 1994
WTO
Intervention in Somalia and Haiti
U.S. History EOC Review 2019
Please be familiar with Amendments 1-21…& Landmark Supreme Court Cases…They will be present throughout study
guide but some will not be listed.
 Bush (W.)
o NCLB (No Child Left Behind Act)
o Weapons of Mass Destruction
o Attack on 9/11
o War in Iraq
o Patriot Act
o War in Afghanistan
o Department of Homeland Security
o War on Terrorism
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Obama
o Affordable Healthcare Act
o the Death of Osama Bin Laden
o War in Afghanistan
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Postwar Confidence, Anxiety, and Change 1945-Present
o Sunbelt
o AFL-CIO
o California Master Plan
o Consumerism
o Television sitcoms & Rock & Roll
o Urban renewal
o Termination Policy
o G.I. Bill
o Baby Boom
o Demobilization
o Taft-Hartley Act
o Truman’s Fair Deal
o FHA & Rise of Suburbs
o Interstate Highway Act
o De jure/De facto Segregation
 Hernandez v Texas; McLaurin v
Oklahoma; Sweatt v Painter
 Plessy v Ferguson
 Brown Decisions I & II
o Little Rock Nine
o Civil Rights Act of 1957
o Civil Rights Leader & their Various Groups
o Freedom Rides v Freedom Summer
o Fannie Lou Hamer
o James Meredith & Ole Miss
o March on Washington
o Civil Rights Act of 1964
o Voting Rights Act of 1965
o 24th Amendment
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Generation Gap
Counterculture
Feminism
Betty Friedan “The Feminine Mystic”
NOW
Equal Rights Amendment
Gloria Steinem v. Phyllis Schlafly
Higher Education Act
Equal Credit Opportunity Act
Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission
Caesar Chavez & United Farm Workers
(UFW)
Chicano Movement
American Indian Movement
Earth Day
EPA
Clean Air & Water Acts
Endangered Species
New Right
Moral Majority
War on Drugs
AIDS Epidemic
Advanced/Accessible Technology
 Biotechnology
 Personal computers
 Satellites
 Internet
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