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Presentation about Mary Queen of Scots

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Mary, Queen of Scots
Early life:
 Mary lived from December 8th 1542 (one week after her father, James V of
Scotland, died) to February 8th of 1587 and was Queen of Scotland for 25
years. She was born in Linlithgow Palace.
 Mary’s family was “Stewart”. However in France she adopted the French
spelling “Stuart”. The two variants were used almost interchangeably by
later generations, depending on how close relations were with France at the
time.
Spouses:
 Francis II: In 1558 she married Francis, the eldest son of King Henry II
and Catherine de Medicis. Francis was crowned in 1559, making Mary
France’s Queen consort. Unfortunately, Francis died from an ear
infection the year after, leaving Mary widow at the age of eighteen.
 Henry Stewart, Earl of Darnley: She married her cousin in 1565; Henry
was a grandson of Margaret Tudor. This marriage turned Mary’s halfbrother against her and caused a lot of problems to Mary. In 1566 Henry
and a group of protestant nobles murdered David Rizzio (Mary’s Italian
secretary) by stabbing him 56 times. Though she gave birth to their son a
few months later, she no longer wished to be married to Henry. He was
mysteriously killed by an explosion of Kirk O’Field and Mary’s
involvement is unclear.
 James Hepburn, Ear of Bothwell: She married James Hepburn, the main
suspect in her previous husband’s murder and only three months after.
This made the Scottish nobility rise against her. Bothwell went into exile,
where he was ultimately arrested and held captive until his death. In July
1567, Mary was compelled to abdicate the throne in Scotland in favour
of her infant son. She was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle.
Mary’s Children: Mary gave birth June 18th 1566 to the future James VI o
Scotland and James I of England. He became King in July 1567 at Stirling
(Scotland).
Queen at war: Elizabeth I vs. Mary, Queen of Scots:
 Mary I was not well received in England and Elizabeth I was able to
incriminate her for her former husband’s murder and imprison her for
eighteen years.
 Mary became physically weak, out of shape and lost her beauty.
 In 1586, the English Catholics that wanted Mary on the throne attempted
to assassinate Elizabeth I. Mary was tried by an English court and
condemned to death.
Death:
 Mary was executed in Fotheringay Castle in Northamptonshire on
February 8th 1587. She was 44 years old.
 Mary was buried in Peterborough Cathedral, but when her son became
King James I of England, he moved his mother’s body to Westminster
Abbey in 1612.
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