Name: _______________________________ Ancient Greece and World Religions Study Guide Directions: Complete all questions. Use this as a guide for what you should study from our unit on ancient Greece and what we learned about World Religions. Your test will be multiple choice and it will have 25 questions about ancient Greece and 5 questions about World Religions. 1. Define the following types of government: o o MonarchyTyrannyOligarchyDemocracyDirect DemocracyRepresentative Democracy (republic)2. Fill in the blanks to describe the political development of ancient Athens. First, the government of Athens was a(n) ___________________, in which a king had all the power. Next, the government changed to a(n) ___________________ when a small group of wealthy citizens overthrew the king. Then, the government turned into a(n) __________________ when one powerful man took over. Finally, the Athenians decided to reject the other forms of government and turn to a(n) ___________________, where all citizens had power. 2. Describe how democracy worked in ancient Athens. (Who could vote, who had power, etc.) 3. How were the governments of Athens and Sparta different? 4. What else was different about Athens and Sparta? (were women treated differently? Children?) 5. Who was Alexander the Great? 6. Why is Alexander the Great significant, or important to history? 7. How is Alexander the Great an example of CULTURAL DIFFUSION? 8. What are some lasting impacts that ancient Greek philosophy has had on our world today? 9. What other elements of ancient Greek culture can still be seen in our world today? 10. What makes the geography of ancient Greece unique? 11. Which body of water was most important for trading and traveling in ancient Greece? 12. What is an archipelago? Ancient Greek Civilization Minoan Civilization 3000 BCE Era of City States 1400 BCE 750 BCE 500 BCE Alexander the Great 336 323 BCE 145 BCE Using the timeline above, answer the following questions. 13. How long did the ancient Greek civilization last? 14. Which of the events on the timeline lasted the longest? 15. Place the timeline events in chronological order. 16. Which event(s) overlap both BCE and CE dates? 17. Which city-state did you learn about in our unit that would have prospered in the Era of City States? 18. For how many years did Alexander the Great rule? World Religions 19. Of the 5 major world religions, which ones are monotheistic and which are polytheistic? *Hint: Buddhists do not worship a god. 20. What do Hinduism and Buddhism have in common? 21. List the holy books or writings for each religion Hinduism: Buddhism: Judaism: Christianity: Islam: 22. Which citie(s) or area(s) did each religion begin in? Hinduism: Buddhism: Judaism: Christianity: Islam: 23. List the founder(s) of each religion. Hinduism: Buddhism: Christianity: Islam: Judaism: *EXTRA MAP SKILLS PRACTICE* The Peloponnesian War Directions: Read the paragraphs below and study the map carefully. Then answer the questions that follow. The two Greek city-states of Sparta and Athens maintained an uneasy existence in the fifth century BCE Spartan discipline, militarism, and aristocratic rule were in direct opposition to creative, vibrant, and democratic Athens. The immediate cause of the Peloponnesian War was Athenian expansion onto the island of Corcyra in 431 BCE, which threatened the Spartan ally of Corinth. The coastal city of Athens, without a strong army, used its navy to raid the Spartan coast, supply the city of Athens, and maintain contact with its allies. On the other hand, the landlocked Spartans ravaged the countryside with their army, forcing the Athenians to hide within their city walls. A truce was finally arranged in 421 BCE. However, Athens broke the peace in 415 b.c. with a poorly planned attack on Syracuse, a Spartan ally located on the island of Sicily. The invasion failed miserably, and the Spartans, with their new ally of Persia, eventually forced the surrender of Athens in 404 BCE. The entire Greek world, though, felt the loss as the Greek city-states began a continuous period of decline. 1. Name the three bodies of water that form the backdrop for the Spartan and Athenian campaigns. 2. Which city-state seemed to have the geographical advantage? Why? 3. Does Athens or Sparta have more geographic area on the map? 4. Which city-state appears to control the Greek peninsula? 5. Why was this war called the Peloponnesian War? 6. Compare the location of Sparta and its allies to Athens and its allies. Who seems to have the advantage in this category?