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BAROQUE AND THE ROCOCO

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BAROQUE AND
THE ROCOCO
The term “baroque” is derived from the Portuguese term
barocco which is translated as “irregularly shaped pearl.”
This period roughly spanned from 1600 to 1750.
This is the suitable description that Rome was the
birthplace of the Baroque Period, which according to some
historians was a response to Protestantism.
Highly religious and emotional.
Influenced by the Counter- Reformation because the Art is
meant to help ordinary people connect with Catholic
Religion.
BAROQUE MUSIC
Characteristics:
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Dramatic contrasts
Energetic rhythms
Instrumentation
Repeated musical ideas
Strong use of improvisation in both melodies, and the
embellishments of those melodies.
• Most importantly - if you hear a harpsichord, it's almost always
baroque.
Baroque composers
GEORGE FREDERIC HANDEL
(1685-1759)
Composed oratorios
and Hallelujah Chorus
ANTONIO VIVALDI
1678-1741
Composed The Four
Season (winter,
autumn,spring,summer)
Baroque composers
JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH
1685-1750
Composed cantatas
wrote Soli Deo gloria
( To the Glory of God)
CLAUDIO MONTEVERDI
1567-1643
Roman Catholic priest
BAROQUE ART
• There was a continuation of Classicism and naturalism of the
Renaissance.
• At the same time,a more colorful,ornate,painterly,and dynamic style was
developing.
• Additional concerns were with the concept of time, the dramatic use of
lights, and theatricality.
Baroque Characteristics:
 Undulating motion
 Convex and Concave
 Oval
 Sculptural
 Not segmented like
Renaissance
 Combination of
architecture,
paintings and
sculpture.
ARCHITECTURE
St. Peter's Cathedral in Rome and it's expansion and renovation is
a good example of Baroque architecture.
SCULPTURES
Main purpose: Representing movements,capturing
fleeting moments, provoking surprise and emotions
to the audience.
Main features: Use of curved lines and cloth folds
to intensify the sensation of the movements.
Apollo and Daphne
Ecstacy of Saint Theresa
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
PAINTINGS
FEATURES:
 Use of oil paintings
 Chiaruscuro: contrast of light and
shadows
 Realistics representation
 movements
 Complex composition (figures,
assymetry, curved lines....
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