MP1.12_SECTION 2.2: DENSITY CURVES AND NORMAL DISTRIBUTIONS THE STANDARD NORMAL DISTRIBUTION The standard normal distribution has a = _______ and a = ______ In order to properly compare one normal distribution to another where UNITS don’t matter, only the , we have to STANDARDIZE our value. We do this with the z-score. If we want to find probabilities of an event with CLEAN (-1 and 1, -2 and 2, -3 and 3) then the 68-95-99.7 rule will work. If we want to find probabilities of an event with that are NOT whole numbers, then we have to use a z-table (aka Table A) What is the standard normal distribution notation: __________________________ Draw what standardizing a distribution means (from slide): USING TABLE A 1) All table entries for z are the ____________ under the standard normal curve to the ____________ of z. 2) The area to the left is also called the “__________________” where p stands for _____________________ or ____________________________ 3) Suppose we wanted to find P(Z < 0.81), find 0.8 in the LEFT-HAND COLUMN, then find .01 in the TOP ROW, then find the INTERSECTION. The number is ____________. This is the DESIRED PROBABILITY. In other words: the AREA in a standard normal distribution To the left of the point z = 0.81 is 0.7910.0 Using Table A, fill in the missing values: Z-Score P-value -2.23 1.65 .52 .79 .23 PRACTICE: In the 2008 Wimbledon tennis tournament, Rafael Nadal averaged 115 miles per hour (mph) on his first serves. Assume that the distribution of his first serve speeds is normal with a mean of 115 mph and a standard deviation of 6.2 mph. About what proportion of his first serves would you expect to be less than 120 mph? Greater than? Steps For Finding Areas In a NORMAL Distribution STEP 1: STEP 2: a) b) STEP 3: PRACTICE: When Tiger Woods hits his driver, the distance the ball travels can be described by N(304, 8). What percent of Tiger’s drives travel between 305 and 325 yards? STEP 1: STEP 2(a): STEP 2(b): STEP 3: PRACTICE: The continuous random variable X = the ITBS grade-equivalent vocabulary score for a randomly selected seventh-grade student in Gary, Indiana. The distribution is approximately normal with mean µ = 6.84 and standard deviation σ = 1.55. What is the probability that a randomly selected seventh-grader scores below the fourth-grade level on the ITBS vocabulary test—aka P(X < 4)? WORKING BACKWARD I know the percentile, but I don’t know the corresponding z-score. Let’s find the 90th percentile of the standard normal distribution. We’re looking for the z-score that has 90% of the area to its left KEY: Find the AREA in the table, then figure out how you got there Z= How to Find Values (X) From Areas STEP 1: STEP 2: a) b) STEP 3: PRACTICE: The continuous random variable X = the ITBS grade-equivalent vocabulary score for a randomly selected seventh-grade student in Gary, Indiana. The distribution is approximately normal with mean µ = 6.84 and standard deviation σ = 1.55. What test score would place a Gary seventh-grader at the 90th percentile of the distribution? STEP 1: STEP 2(a): STEP 2(b): STEP 3: PRACTICE: Suzy bombed her recent AP Stats exam; she scored at the 25th percentile. The class average was a 170 with a standard deviation of 30. Assuming the scores are normally distributed, what score did Suzy earn on the exam? (Use a calculator) HW (page 130): 49, 51, 53, 55, 69, 71, 73, 75