Uploaded by *Rays Cleaning Solutions*


Many children first enter education and care services at a time when their immune systems are still developing.
They may not have been exposed to many common germs that cause infections—bacteria, viruses, fungi,
protozoa—and they may be too young to be vaccinated against some diseases. The way that children interact in
education and care services means that diseases can quickly spread in a variety of ways. Children (particularly
younger children) will have close physical contact with other children and carers through regular daily activities
and play; they often put objects in their mouths; and they may not always cover their coughs or sneezes.
Staying healthy-Preventing infectious diseases in early childhood education and care services is a best practice
tool that provides simple and effective ways for educators and parents to help limit the spread
of illness and infectious diseases in education and care settings.
Encouraging families to support good hygiene practices
When a family practices good hygiene, it greatly assists the child care centre as it will minimise the chance of carrying and transferring infectious diseases.
one of the best ways for families to support the good hygiene practices of a child care centre is by washing and drying hands regularly. More so, if families
get in the habit of washing their hands upon arrival and departure of the clinic, they will greatly help to minimise the transferal of infections.
Encouraging family members to reinforce hygiene habits is extremely helpful for all concerned. Some suggestions include:
Regularly reminding children when to wash their hands, e.g. after the toilet, before and after meals, after playing with family pets or playing outside
Provide the child with a change of clothes or underwear in case of accidents in child care
Most importantly – keeping a child home if they are ill and only allowing the child to return once they are no longer contagious
Surface or area
Wash daily
plus when
visibly dirty
Bathrooms—wash tap handles,
toilet seats, toilet handles and door
knobs. Check the bathroom during
the day and clean if visibly dirty
Toys and objects put in the mouth
Surfaces that children have
frequent contact with (e.g. bench
taps, cots and tables)
Beds, stretchers, linen and mattress
covers (if children do not use the
same mattress cover every day)
Door knobs
Low shelves
Other surfaces not often touched
by children
Wash weekly
plus when
visibly dirty
When should you wash your hands
with soap and water?
Adults and children should wash their
•When hands are visibly dirty
•Before you eat
•Before you prepare food items
•After touching raw meats like chicken or
•After going to the toilet
•After contact with any body fluids like
blood, urine or vomit
•After changing infant or adult nappies
•After touching animals or pets
•After blowing your nose or sneezing
Place a hand wash poster acting as a reminder for children to wash their hands at
the bathroom hand wash basin and kitchen