Advertising: Advertising Is a form of communication used to persuade, encourage or manipulate people to do something (often to buy a product or service, but not always). Advertisements are usually intended to do one or more of the following: 1. To convey information. 2. To promote the sale of an item or service. 3. To promote or encourage some sort of behaviour on our part. 4. To promote Brand Awareness (which will hopefully lead to a purchase, donation or change of behaviour at some future date). What determines if an advert is successful? How do you make an advert successful? Discuss Successful Adverts Will catch our attention, making us look, see, and remember - either consciously or unconsciously. There are many ways that adverts work, but some of the most common include the use of the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Sex Humour Conundrum (a puzzle or ambiguity) Surreal or Strange image Shock Beauty (elicits an aesthetic response) Narrative – the image(s) tell a story Appeal to a Common Experience or Common Memory Appeal to our insecurities or fears Appeal to our beliefs or prejudices For a comical view on advertising see this Mitchel & Web video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=85HT4Om6JT4 For the following advertisements discuss the following: 1. Is the advert promoting the sale of something and if so, what? 2. Is the advert giving information? 3. Is there a narrative (story) behind the advert – if so what is the narrative? 4. Does the advert use any of the techniques 1 to 10 listed in the previous slide? Text Reads: Perhaps it’s time to turn to Pedigree light dog food Hint: think about any of the Werther’s Original adverts that you have seen … they often appeal to a common ‘memory’ about childhood … ‘good old days’ … nostalgia … Text Reads: Support for people with eating disorders. anorexi bulimi Kontakt Context: advert from during the second world war (1939-45). Context: Papa Johns make and deliver Pizzas How the advert was used/displayed The advert image This advert was banned – why might that have been? Context: The Sopranos was a TV series about the Mafia in New York. Taxis were paid to display the bumper sticker and fake arm dangling out from the car boot. Context: Honda make cars, motorbikes, speedboats etc Context: Hoover is a make of vacuum cleaner. Text Reads: Check our new chicken salads. Text Reads: Our mental health is as important as our physical health. Well, this advert is quite old … hopefully the ladies in the class will have something to say! Context: Schlitz was/is an American brand of beer. Why might this advert now be considered offensive? Context: United Colours of Benetton is a fashion clothing retailer. Text reads: something about road safety Text Reads: Obesity is suicide Assignment In groups of 3 or 4 students: Discuss and agree on an idea for your advert for the company Safe-T-First. Write a plan (you might want to include diagrams/layout sketches) and then create an A4 size advert for the imaginary company Safe-T-First. You may use the studio or work on location. Your finished A4 size advert may be horizontal or vertical format. Background information Safe-T-First manufacture and distribute safety equipment including: safety goggles, safety rulers, craft knives, rubber gloves, chemical measuring cylinders, wet floor warning triangles, fire extinguishers, labcoats, safety hats, face masks, aprons etc. Your lecturer will advise you on what Safe-T-First items are available. Once you have created your image (or images) use photoshop to edit, adding a suitable Safe-T-First logo and any text or strap-line if required.