Uploaded by Kathrina Schmidt [West CTA]

4 Sentence Types

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Sta* atetwo grapes"
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Fred and
Iaar willbe$yitg to fas Vegas next week to get
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My doB luno ran qtdckly through the house and knocked over
two tables, tlree chairs, artd a lamp.
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furrfu
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A c**rp*u*e{ sen*ence ha.s at }east Yidr{J irtrS*pencle:,rt eia*se* c*$n*tted
by a caxr-ma alrd cccrdinating e*nfttncticar cr hy a secri-c$l$rl"
SSVSV
Beaandlanmefriends;theyoftenseemoviestogether.
SVCCSV
Steven likes the autdoors, but his wife prefers going to the opera"
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CCS
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More people are buying hybrid cars, and they're helping the environment as well
as
theirwallets.
3, eQHtrLEX fEHTEFISE :
kmpbr s
A esnt$lex srr:{ence has
clause.
S\f:. i*et*pentte*t
clarise
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at
l*a:i {-tX}:
DI,YSVSV
Bea*se Nan worked on her sentence structure, she got a better grade on her last paper.
S V
DW SV
Mario likes going to Mariner games. although he gets to go only a few tirnes each
seasan-
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Fhis i3,p* ha: Ttr!{} inriei:ettds:ni Ll*usr$, a cr.:*:'rlir:;atir:s
c*nixnctiee, a*d a dependent clause.
S
V
CC
Flawaii,
and
When they won the lottery, they bought a ranch in
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every wirrter they leave their I"ake Washington home to spend
their time in the warrnth and beauty of the islands.
Sentenee Tlpes:
Simple, Compound, Complex, and Gompound-Complex
Simple Sentence
- A simple sentence
containsONE independent clause.
Examples:
1. The baby cried for food.
*Tlrere is a subject and a verb fhct expresses a complete thoWht.
2. Professor Maple's intelligent students completed and turned in their homework.
*A simple senfence does not neressafily have to be shart. fi cant have adjedives- ln lfi,is mse, there are two
verbs "eompleted" and aumed in.' Hawever, the sentence express€rs one comdete thought and tlrcrefore is a
simple [email protected]
3" Megan and Ron ate too much and felt sick.
'Aliltolugh there are twa subjr,t- and twa verbs, rt is st'rlt a simple sentence Decsuse both verbs shore Ifie sarne
subi*ts and express one complete thought.
Comoound Sentence
- A compound sentence has at least TWO independent clauses connected by a comma and
coordinating
conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or by a semi-colon.
Examples:
L" The shoplifter had stolen clothes, so he ran once he saw the police.
*Bath sides af the conjunction osau are wmptete sentences- "The shaplifter had stalen clothes"mn stal'td alone
and w @n "he run anffi he saw the pticr--" Therefore, thfs is a compound senfence2- They spoke to him in Spanish, but he responded in English.
*Thris is also acpmryund [email protected] that uses c canjunctian to seryrate two individual clcuses-
Comolex Sentence
- A complex sentence is an independent clause joined by one or mor6 dependent clauses.
- A complex ssntence always has a subordinator (as, because, sinco, after, although, when) or relative pronouns
(who, that, which).
Examples:
L- After eating lunch at The Cheesecake Factory Tim went to the gym to exercise.
.The independent clauseis *Ttm went to the gW to exercise.'The subardinating claux belore it is deryndent on
the rnain, independent clause. lf one were fo soy "after eating lunch at The Ch*semke Factory" it would fu an
incomplete thoughl
2. Opinionated women are given disadvantages in societies that privilege male
accomplishments.
,Ttw subject is "opinionatd women" and the vefu is "are given." The first paft of ttre *ntence "opinionded
waff en are given disadvantages in wieties" is an independenf clcuse ffiof expresses a amplete tlwngtrt- The
following "that privitege male arcamplishments" is o relative clause that descrifus which types ol soclefies3. The woman who taught Art History 2l-0 was fired for stealing school supplies.
*The depndenf clcuse in this [email protected] is Wro taught Art History 270' fucause if removed, the rest al the
sentene would stad as an indepndent elause- "Wha taught Art History 270" is an adjective clcuse that provides
necessanJ detsits afuutthe subject, waman.
Comoound4omnlex Sentenee
- A compound-complex sentence has two independent clauses and at least one dependent cClause.
Examples:
1- After the two soccer players lost
their Eame, they joined their other teammates for
lunch, and they went to the movies.
*$ we remove the dependent clause "after the two soc*r players lost their game," we have a
oompund sentenm. Ttre dependerrt clause makes this *ntence compund-mmplex.
2.The man believed in the system, and he knew that justice would prevail after the
murderer was sent to jail.
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